The Impact of Small – Scale Irrigation on Income of Rural Farm Households: Evidence from Ahferom Woreda in Tigray, Ethiopia
International Journal of Business and Economics Research
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 217-228
Received: Jul. 15, 2015; Accepted: Jul. 30, 2015; Published: Aug. 10, 2015
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Authors
Abraham Gebrehiwot Yihdego, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Addis Adera Gebru, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Mesfin Tilahun Gelaye, Department of Economics, College of Economics and Business, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: Small scale irrigation is an important strategy in reducing risks associated with rainfall variability and increasing income of rural farm -households. Objective: To examine the impact of small-scale irrigation on income of rural farm households. It also presents the problems and challenges in use of small scale irrigation. Methods: A cross-sectional data obtained using a sample of 200 respondents selected through multi-stage random sampling techniques from three Tabiyas in Woreda Ahferom in central Tigray, Ethiopia in 2013/2014 cropping year. The data were analyzed using Heckman treatment effect two-step model. Result: The Probit estimation shows that Household head with social leadership, access to extension, and availability of irrigable land, number of oxen and family size have significant and positive effect whereas the family size square and distant to the nearest market restrains participation in small scale irrigation. The ordinary least square using household income as outcome variable reveals that Tropical Livestock Unit, participation in small scale irrigation and land size has significant positive effect on household income. Conclusion and recommendation: The study pointed out that loss of water, pests and diseases are the most common challenges in using small scale irrigation. Administration body and other concerned body should work the best on the quality, expansion and distribution of small scale irrigation by solving or at least mitigating the challenges face in using small scale irrigation.
Keywords
Small Scale Irrigation, Income, Heckman Two Step Treatment Effect Model, Woreda Ahferom
To cite this article
Abraham Gebrehiwot Yihdego, Addis Adera Gebru, Mesfin Tilahun Gelaye, The Impact of Small – Scale Irrigation on Income of Rural Farm Households: Evidence from Ahferom Woreda in Tigray, Ethiopia, International Journal of Business and Economics Research. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 217-228. doi: 10.11648/j.ijber.20150404.14
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