Influence of Occupational Accidents Moderated By Occupational Health and Safety Policy Regulations on Performance of Firms in Kenya
Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 99-107
Received: Sep. 26, 2019;
Accepted: Oct. 31, 2019;
Published: Nov. 7, 2019
Views 17 Downloads 13
Jared Otieno Otieno, School of Business and Economics, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, Bondo, Kenya
Arvinlucy Onditi, School of Business and Economics, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, Bondo, Kenya
Fronica Monari, School of Business and Economics, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology, Bondo, Kenya
Performance in firms is an intricate affair and remains a major agenda in the corporate world. Researches have been carried out about factors that inform performance of firms, however the extent to which occupational accidents influence performance shaped by occupational health and safety policy regulations has received limited attention in the main stream firm researches. Occupational accidents in Kenya have witnessed an annual growth of 30% based on available statistics that continues to influence performance of firms negatively. The objective of this study was to establish the influence of occupational accidents on performance of firms in Kenya. The study was founded on two theories namely: Contingency theory and General Adaptation Syndrome theory. The study was anchored on Positivism and Interpretivism Paradigms realized by explanatory research design method. The target population was 2107 with a sample size of 414. Stratified, convenient and proportionate sampling techniques were used. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics and partial least squares structural equation modeling aided by Warp PLS. v. 5 software. The findings showed that occupational accidents moderated by health and safety policy regulations to influence performance of firms at βeta coefficient of (β = -0.27, p = 0.020 < 0.05 Occupational health and safety policy regulation moderation effect was at β = -023, p = 0.04 < 0.05). The study recommends to the government and management of firms to incorporate occupational health and safety policy regulation in firms to mitigate occupational accidents hence influence performance of firms.
Jared Otieno Otieno,
Influence of Occupational Accidents Moderated By Occupational Health and Safety Policy Regulations on Performance of Firms in Kenya, Journal of Human Resource Management.
Vol. 7, No. 4,
2019, pp. 99-107.
Adam, B., Rasmussen, H. B, Pedersen, R. N. F & Jepsen, J. R (2014) Occupational accidents in the Danish Merchant Fleet and the naturality of Sea farers. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Technology, 9 (35) 1-8.
Adam, W., Pope, R & Marc Orr, R (2016) The impact of fire suppression tasks on fire fighter hydration: A critical review with consideration of the utility of reported hydration measures. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Battaglia, M. Frey, M & Passetti, E. (2014) Accidents at work and costs analysis, a field study in a large Italian Company Ind. Health, 52 (4) 354-366.
Creswell J. W (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and mixed method approaches Safe, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Delery, J, & Doty, H (2000) Modes of theorizing in strategic Human Resource Management. Tests of universalistic, Contingency and configurationally performance prediction. Academy of management journal 39  pp 602-835.
Demsky, C. A., Fritz, C., Hammer, L. B., & Black, A. E.  Workplace incivility and employee sleep: The role of rumination and Recovery experience. Journal of occupational Health psychology. Advance online publication.
Dyer, J.  Human Resource Management. Evolving Roles and Responsibilities. Washington DC.
Feng, Y., Zhang, S. & Wu (2015) factors influencing workplace accident costs of building projects Saf. Sci. 72, 97-104.
Garson, G. D. (2016). Partial Least Squares: Regression & Structural Equation Models Asheboro: Associates Publishing.
Hair, J. F Jr, Black, W. C, Babin B. J, Anderson, R. E, Tathan, R. L  Multi data analysis. 6th Ed New Jersey. Prentice Hall International inc.
Iheanacho, M. J. U & Ebitu, E. T  Effects of industrial safety and health on employees job performance in selected cement companies in cross power state Nigeria. International journal of Business and management Review  3, 49-56.
ILO (2001), Guidelines on Occupational Safety and health management systems, International labour office, Geneva 2001.
International Labour Organization. (2011) Occupational Safety and Health Management systems. A tool for continual improvements: World Day for Safety and Health at Work.
Kelly E. L., Kassek, E. E., Hammons L. B, Durban, M., Bray, J., Chermach, K et al (2008) Getting there from here: Resend on work formally initiatives on work family conflict and business outcomes. Academy of management annuals 2 (1) 305-349.
Keynack, R., Toklin, A, Y; Elci M & Toklu, IT (2016) Effects of health and safety practices on original contract work alienation Job Satisfaction and performance using the PLS-SEM Approach. Initial Journal of Business and Management vol 11 No 5 ISSN 1833-8119.
Kock, N. (2015) Warp PLS 5.0 User Manual. Script Warp systems Loredo, Texas USA.
Loeppke, R.  The value of health and the power of prevention. International journa of work place health management 2 , 96-108.
Makori, E. M, Nandi, O. M. J, Thuo, J. K and Wanyonyi, K. W (2012). Influence of occupational safety and health on performance of manufacturing firms in Western province Kenya. African Journal of History and culture (AJHC) 4 (4), 46-58.
Marchand, Hainess & Gauthier (2013). Quantitative analysis of organizational culture in occupational health research: A theory based validation in 30 work places of the organizational culture profile instrument. B. M. C Public Health 13/443.
Mardiani, S. Jamaldin, T. & Riahi L.  Relationship between safety and staff performance in hospital. International journal of hospital research 2 , 205-214.
Mollar A., & Licker, P. S. (2005) E-Commerce adoption in developing countries: A model and instrument. Information and management Journal 42, pp 877-891.
Mogambi, J. A, Mburu, C. & Kinyua, R. (2014) can workplace Accidents classification and compensation in Kenya be used to predict level of victim satisfaction? International Journal of Innovative and Applied studies, 972-986.
Mugenda, O. M. & Mugenda, A. G. (2013). Research methods Quantitative and qualitative Approach. Nairobi. Applied Research and Training services Press.
Nyakango, J . Status of occupational Health and safety in Kenya. Workshop on the safety training program, part of the congress in Beijing.
Premier occupational Health core  An introduction to the role of occupational Health for managers. Folkstone, England.
Purcell. J. (2002) Sustaining the Human Resource and performance link in difficult times, CIPD Conference Harrogate.
Purcell. J. (2004) Business strategies and Human Resource Management: uneasy Bed fellows or strategic partners? Lecture, Bath University.
Putri, D. O., Triatmanto, B. & Setijadi S  The effect of occupational health and safety work environment and discipline on employee performance in a consumer goods company. International conference on Industrial and system Engineering I con/S E.
Ria Mardiana Yusuf, Anis, Eliyana & Oci Novita Sari (2012) The influence of occupational safety and health inperformance with job satisfaction as intervening variable. Study in the production employees in P. T Mahakarya Rotanindo, Gresik. American journal of economics, special issue, 136-140.
Seo. J, Shin G. S, Kim M. G and Min, Y. S (2018) Relationship between occupational injuries and the provision of health and safety information. Data from 4th Korean working conditions survey. Annals of occupational and environmental medicine 30: 36 industries 58 (1), 35-59.
Skinner N, Pisaniellos & Derrian j  FLAWS in our lives: Fatigue life and work strain Adelude: centre for worklife: University of South Australia.
Tappura S Syvanen S & Saurela K. L  Challenges and needs for support in managing occupational health and safety from managers viewpoint. Nordic journal of working life studies 4 .
Tawiah A. T & Baah, K. D  Occupational health and safety. Key issues and concern in Ghana. International Journal of Business and Social Sciences 2 .
Terp-stra, D. E & Rozell, J.  The relationship of staffing practices to organizational level measures of performance, Personal Psychology , 27-48.
UK health and safety executive (2018) costs to Britain of work place fatalities and self-reported injuries and ill health, 2016/2017.
Umeokapor, N., Isaac, D., Jones, K & Umeadi, B (2014) Enforcement of occupational safety and health regulation in Nigeria: An exploration. European Scientific journal (3), 93-104.
Vincent, E. G et al  sleep in wild land fire fighters. What do we know and why does it Matter. International journal of wild land fire , 73-84.
Walker A, Pope R & Marc Orr (2016) The impact of fire suppression tasks on fire fighters hydration: Actual review with consideration of the utility of reported hydration measures. Annals of occupational and environmental medicine.
Waiganjo E. W, Mukulu.; & Kahuri. J. (2012). Relationship between strategic Human Resource Management and firm performance of Kenya’s corporate organization.