Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Youths Empowerment in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 39-48
Received: Feb. 15, 2020;
Accepted: Feb. 28, 2020;
Published: Mar. 10, 2020
Views 403 Downloads 231
Matthew Ayodele Olatunle, Department of Management Studies, College of Business and Management Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
Adamu Micah Gumus, Department of Management Studies, College of Business and Management Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
Lazarus Zungwe Wanjuu, Department of Social Sciences, College of Administrative and Social Science, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
This paper examines the impact of corporate social responsibilities practice on youth’s empowerment in Niger Delta Region. A descriptive and survey research design was adopted for the study. The total population of the youth within the four LGAs was estimated at 793,175 based on the 2006 census estimate extracted from the website of National Population Commission (NPC), out of the population a sample size of 384 Youths were drawn as sample size using Krejcie and Morgan (1970) table for determining sample size. Structured questionnaire was the primary instrument used for data collection. A total of 384 copies of questionnaire were administered to the respondents only 340 questionnaires were returned while 44 were not returned. Data collected were analysed using multiple regression statistical tools with the aid of SPSS version 23 to minimize errors. Findings from the study show that, social amenities and employment opportunity were found to have significant statistical relationship with youth empowerment in Niger Delta Region while scholarship scheme and skill acquisition were found to be negatively related and of no significant effect on youth empowerment. The study therefore recommends among others that, Management of the oil companies should concentrate their efforts toward embarking on good CSR practices that will have direct bearing on youth empowerment. When youth are gainfully empowered its advantages to the company, society and government are enormous.
Matthew Ayodele Olatunle,
Adamu Micah Gumus,
Lazarus Zungwe Wanjuu,
Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Youths Empowerment in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, Journal of Human Resource Management.
Vol. 8, No. 1,
2020, pp. 39-48.
National Youth Policy (2009). National Youth Policy and Strategic Plan of Action. Retrieved on January 21st, 2016 from http://www.youthpolicy.com/Policies/Nigeria%20National%20Youth%20Policy%20&%20Plan%20of%20Action.pdf.
Ojeleye, Y. C. (2016). Youth Perspective to Corporate Social Responsibility Programmes among Telecommunications' Companies in Zamfara state. The 11th International Conference on Research and Innovations for Sustainable Development at the Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria 6th-7th December, 2016.
Akpabio, I. (2005). “Human Agriculture Social Themes in Agricultural Development”. Abaam publishing Co., Uyo.
Ajayi A. R. (2006).”A Guide for Young Farmer Clubs Programme”. SAC Impressions, Akure.
Gobeli, V. C. (1995). “Youth Development, Part of a Comprehensive Strategy for Sustainable Development in Developing Countries”. An Expert Consultation on Extension Rural Youth Programme and Sustainable Development, Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome. 65-78.
Curtain, R. (2001). Youth and Employment: A Public Policy Perspective. Development Bulletin. 55 (1); 7-11. Retrieved on August 24th, 2015 from http://curtainconsulting.net/download_controlled/Youth%20%26%20Development/youthpol.pdf.
United Nations Habitat (2001). Retrieved on December 28th, 2015 from http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=33938.
Commonwealth Youth Development Index (2013). Retrieved on January 17th, 2016 from http://youthdevelopmentindex.org/views/faq.php.
Igbo, H. I & Ikpa, I. (2013). Causes, Effects and Ways of Curbing Youth Restiveness in Nigeria: Implications for Counselling. Journal of Education and Practice. Vol, 4 (6), 131-137.
Chike, P. E. & Onyene, V. (2010). Youth restiveness in the Niger Delta of Nigeria: Implication for education and leadership. European Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 18 (2), 286 – 296
Enwereonye, E. N. Ugorji, K. O. Alozie, S. T. & Awurumibe N. U. (2015). The impact of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in community development: the gains of social work practice. International Journal of Innovative Social Sciences and Humanities Research, 3 (3), 13-17.
Kohlfeldt, D., Chhun, L., Grace, S., & Langhout, R. (2011). Youth empowerment in context: exploring tensions in school-based yPAR. American Journal of Community Psychology, 47, 28-45.
Langhout, R., & Thomas, E. (2010). Imagining participatory action research in collaboration with children: An introduction. American Journal of Community Psychology, 46, 60-66.
National Bureau of Statistics (2017). Labour Force Statistics - Volume I: Unemployment and Underemployment Report. Retrieved file:///C:/Users/USERPC/Downloads/q4_2017_-_q3_2018_unemployment_report.pdf.
Mohamed, M. B. & Sawandi, N. B. (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Activities In Mobile Telecommunication Industry: Case Study Of Malaysia.
Turker, D. (2009). How corporate social responsibility influences organizational commitment. Journal of Business Ethics, 89, 189–204.
Griffin, J. J. (2000). Corporate social performance: Research directions for the 21st century. Business & Society, 39 (4), 479-491.
Amaeshi, K., & Adi, B. (2005). Reconstructing the corporate social responsibility construct in Cultish. Nottingham: International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility.
Malovicsa, G., Csigene, Noemi, N., Kraus, S. (2008). The role of corporate social responsibility in strong sustainability". The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37; 907–918.
Rahman, M. (2008). Ethics and Multinational Companies in Developing Countries. Journa
Kotler, P. & Lee, N. (2006). Corporate social responsibility: doing the most good for your company and your cause. Hoboken: John Wiley.
McWilliams, A. & Siegel, D. (2001). Corporate social responsibility: A theory of the firm perspective. Academy of Management Review. 26 (1), 7-127
Benabou, R., & Tirole, J. (2010). Individual and corporate social responsibility. Economica, Vol, 4 (77), 1–19.
Ademosu, E. A. (2008). Corporate social responsibility: The experience of the Nigeria banking system. Retrieved on 21/05/2018, from http://www.acamb.coml.
Davis, K. (1973). The case for and against business assumption of social responsibilities. Academy of Management Journal, June, 312–322.
Carroll, A. B. (1979). A three-dimensional Conceptual Model of Corporate Social Performance. Academy of Management Review, 4 (4), 497–505.
Vavrus, J., & Fletcher, A. (2016). Guide to Social Change led by and with Young People. The Freechild Project.
Snehendu, B. K.; Catherine, A. P.; Kirstin, L. C. (1999). Empowerment of women for health promotion: a meta-analysis". Social Science & Medicine. 49 (11): 1431–1460.
Ocran, E. (2011). The effect of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on Profitability of Multinational Companies. A Case Study of Nestle Ghana Limited. Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Business Enterprises, 8 (1); 136 – 149.
Ogula, D. (2012). Corporate social responsibility: Case study of community expectations and the administrative systems, Niger Delta. The Qualitative Report, 17 (Art. 73), 1-27. Retrieved from http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR17/ogula.pdf.
Ferrell, O. C. (2004). Business ethics and customer stakeholders. The Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 18 (2), 126–129.
Gulyas, A. (2009). Corporate social responsibility in the British media industries: Preliminary findings. Media, Culture & Society, 31 (4), 657-680.
Carroll, A. B. & Buchholtz, A. K. (2009). Business and Society: Ethics and Stakeholder Management, (7th edn). Mason, OH: South Western Cengage Learning.
Księżak, P. (2016). The Benefits from CSR for a Company and Society. Journal of Corporate Responsibility and Leadership, 3 (4), 53-65.
Isaac N. (2011) Skills acquisition: Tonic for Economic Empowerment [online]. Leadership Newspaper. May. Retrieved from http://leadership.ng/nga/articles/163/2011/05/22/skills_acquisition_tonic_economic_empowerment.html.
Soreh, C. W. (2012). Corporate Social Responsibility and Youth’s Restiveness in Oil Rich Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review. 1 (7); 58-67.
Post, F. R. (2003). A response to the social responsibility of corporate management: A classical critique. Mid-American Journal of Business, 18 (1), 25–35.
Pirsch, J., Gupta, S., & Grau, S. L. (2007). A framework for understanding corporate social responsibility programs as a continuum: An exploratory study. Journal of Business Ethics, 70, 125–140.
Maignan, I., & Farrell, O. C. (2004). Corporate social responsibility and marketing: An integrative framework. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, vol. 32 (1), 3–19.
Gibson, K. (2000). The moral basis of stakeholder theory. Journal of Business Ethics, Vol, 4 (26), 245-257.
Weiss, J. W. (2003). Business ethics: a stakeholder and issues, management approach (3rd ed.). Ohio: Thomson South Wester.
Saleem, F. & Gopinath, C. (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility and Customer Behavior: A Developing Country Perspective. The Lahore Journal of Business, 4 (1), 1–22.
Hasoneh, A. & Alafi, K. (2012). Corporate social responsibility associated with customer satisfaction and financial performance a case study with Housing banks in Jordan. Journal of Research in International Business Management, 2 (2), 027-038.