Empirical Study on the Impact of Creative Self-Efficacy of College Student Entrepreneurs on Innovative Behavior
Science Journal of Business and Management
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2018, Pages: 93-99
Received: May 16, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 4, 2018;
Published: Jan. 10, 2019
Views 617 Downloads 111
Wang Nan, School of Marxism, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, Tianjin, China
College students’ entrepreneurship driven by innovation has made great contribution to the scientific and technological progress as well as economic development of the society, and has become a kind of value orientation and spirit of the time at present. However, the innovative behavior of college student entrepreneurs is influenced by their creative self-efficacy and innovative motivation. This paper introduces the Self-Efficacy Theory of psychology into the innovation research field and conducts questionnaire survey on 150 college student entrepreneurs from maker spaces of colleges and universities in Tianjin City, China by means of creative self-efficacy scale, intrinsic motivations scale, extrinsic motivations scale and innovative behavior scale, in order to empirically study the dynamic relations among the creative self-efficacy, intrinsic motivations, extrinsic motivations and innovative behavior of the college student entrepreneurs. According to the study results, it is found that the creative self-efficacy, intrinsic motivations, extrinsic motivations and innovative behavior are all significantly and positively correlated with each other. Besides, the creative self-efficacy, intrinsic motivations and extrinsic motivations all can positively predict the innovative behavior. In addition, both the intrinsic motivations and extrinsic motivations play a multiple mediating role between the creative self-efficacy and the innovative behavior.
Empirical Study on the Impact of Creative Self-Efficacy of College Student Entrepreneurs on Innovative Behavior, Science Journal of Business and Management.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2018, pp. 93-99.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Amabile, T. M. (1996). Creativity in context: Update to “the social psychology of creativity”. Westview Press. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84 (2), 191-215.
Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 1 (3), 185-216.
Fang J., Zhang M. Q. (2012). Point estimation and interval estimation of mediating effect: Distribution of the product, non-parametric Bootstrap and MCMC method. ActaPsychologicaSinica, 44 (10), 1408-1420.
Feng X., Lu R. Y., Peng L. (2009). Study on relationship among individual innovative behavior, work motivations and self-efficacy of staff from service enterprise. R&D Management, 21 (3), 42-49.
Gu Y. D., Peng J. S. (2010). Impact of innovation atmosphere of an organization on staff’s innovative behaviors: Mediating role of creative self-efficacy. Nankai Business Review, (1), 30-41.
Gu Y. D., Peng J. S. (2010). Study on the impact mechanism of creative self-efficacy on staff’s innovative behaviors. Science Research Management, 32 (9), 63-73.
Xia H. Y. (2017). Study on social construction of psychological support system for college student entrepreneurs. Jiangsu Higher Education, 2017 (03): 76-78.
Wang, X. H. F., Fang, Y., Qureshi, I., & Janssen, O. (2015). Understanding employee innovative behavior: Integrating the social network and leader–member exchange perspectives. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 36 (3), 403-420.
Zhou, J., George, J. M. (2001). When Job Dissatisfaction Leads to Creativity: Encouraging the Expression of Voice. Academy of Management Journal, 44 (4), 682-696.
Kleysen, F. R., Street, C. T. (2001). Toward a Multi-dimensional Measure of Individual Innovative Behavior. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 3 (2): 284-296.
Alexander Newman, Herman H. M. Tse, Gary Schwarz, Ingrid Nielsen. (2018). The effects of employees' creative self-efficacy on innovative behavior: The role of entrepreneurial leadership. Journal of Business Research, 2018, 89.
Aungkhana Atitumpong, Yuosre F. Badir. (2018). Leader-member exchange, learning orientation and innovative work behavior. Journal of Workplace Learning, 30 (1).
Watson Kathy, Baranowski Tom, Thompson Debbe, Jago Russell, Baranowski Janice, Klesges Lisa M. (2006). Innovative application of a multidimensional item response model in assessing the influence of social desirability on the pseudo-relationship between self-efficacy and behavior. Health Education Research, 21 Suppl 1.
Alicja Bukowska-Durawa, Catherine Haynes, Aleksandra Luszczynska. (2010). Plans Not Needed if You Have High and Stable Self-Efficacy: Planning Intervention and Snack Intake in the Context of Self-Efficacy Trajectories. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 41 (3).
Maria Brudnik. (2009). Perception of Self-Efficacy and Professional Burnout in General Education Teachers. Human Movement, 10 (2).
Hamid Keshavarz, Mohammad Reza Esmailie Givi, Amir Vafaeian, Mahdi Khademian. (2017). Information Literacy Self-efficacy Dimensions of Post Graduate Students: Validating a Persian Version Scale. Libri, 67 (1).