Trade Unionism on Academic Performance and Development of Nigerian Universities: A Comparative Study
Journal of World Economic Research
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 91-100
Received: Jun. 29, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 9, 2015;
Published: Feb. 24, 2017
Views 4512 Downloads 122
Marcus Garvey Orji, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Kabiru Jinjiri Ringim, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Solomon Abba Boman, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Akhimien Emmanuel, Department of Business Administration, Igbinedion University, Okada, Nigeria
Labour disputes have become regular occurrences in Nigeria and the right to trade unionism has been constantly abused. Such unionism abuses and disputes often results in low productivity, which in turn affects the demand and supply chain of the economy. The laws in the country are always not abided by, so rather than bargaining, unions embark on strike as first resort, thereby constantly disrupting industrial harmony and academic activities in Nigerian Universities. The objective of this study is to make a comparative assessment of both Nigerian Private and Governments owned Universities and determine whether there is any relationship between non trade unionism and industrial peace, academic performance and productivity in these institutions. The study is a descriptive research designed in line with empiricism case study, and secondary data were mainly applied and were analysed by content analysis. The findings of the study revealed that There is a significant relationship between non trade unionism and industrial peace, academic performances, productivity and development of Nigerian Private Universities unlike the Government owned Universities; and that unionism in Nigerian private universities don’t disrupt students academic activities, which enhances student’s performance. The study draws its conclusion on the fact that regulated or Non trade unionism will always result to industrial peace which is necessary for high academic performance and productivity in Nigerian Universities, and therefore recommends that even though the right of association is a fundamental one, private universities in Nigeria should continue to recognize staff associations but such associations should be regulated and should not be allowed to join the national unions to avoid incessant strike actions; also Labour management dispute committees should be established in all Nigerian universities to handle all union matters internally to further increase productivity.
Marcus Garvey Orji,
Kabiru Jinjiri Ringim,
Solomon Abba Boman,
Trade Unionism on Academic Performance and Development of Nigerian Universities: A Comparative Study, Journal of World Economic Research.
Vol. 5, No. 6,
2016, pp. 91-100.
Abdullahi, S. A (2001) ‘The development of trade unionism in Nigeria; Achievements and problems. Journal of Business Administration. Vol 1, No 1, p47.
Aborishade, F. (1992). Nigerian Labour Movement in Perspective, Lagos: The Effective Company
Adebisi, M. A. (2004) “Industrial Conflict and Trade Unionism in Nigeria” Advances In Management” Volume No. 4, Number 1,2004
Adebisi, M. A (2011) Trade union leadership structure and the challenges of succession politics’ presented at the international industrial relations African regional congress holding at the University of lagos, lagos, Nigeria. from january 24th to 28th, 2011.
Adedipe, N. O, (2014), Being Text of the Third Convocation Lecture of the Al-Hikmah University,Ilorin, Nigeria 2014
Adeniji, M. A., & Onasote, A. O. (2006). Manpower development programme in Kenneth Dike Library, University of Ibadan. African Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation 8: 80-88.
Adeotomre, J. E. (2007). “Universal Access to Tertiary Education in Nigeria: Issues of Planning” in J. B. Adewumi, F. (2004). Ideological Posturing and Trade Union Leadership in Nigeria (The Story of Comrade Ali Chiroma). Hure Prints, Ibadan.
Akanwa, D. C (2014) Analysis of the Right to Trade Unionism in the Nigerian Private Universities. Unpublished, MA Thesis, Faculty of Law, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Anyim, C. A, Ekwoaba, J. O ,Shonuga A. O (2013) Industrial Unionism and Its Bargaining Correlates in Nigeria Industrial Relations System’ Journal of Management and Strategy Vol. 4, No. 3; 2013 pp 56- 68 Babalola, G. O. Akpa, A. O. Ayeni, & S. O. Adedeji (Eds). Access, Equity and Quality in Higher Education. NAEAP, Lagos, pp.131-137.
Damachi, U. G. (1978). Theories of management and the executive in the developing world. London: MacMillan. Davison, R. B. (1977). Industrial Relations Decree: Questions and answers to explain the law. Zaria: Ahmadu Bello University Press.
Elaturoti, D. F. (2006). Stakeholders in Nigerian education as facilitators in effective school library service development. Nigerian School Library Journal 5 (2): 57-65.
Esele, P. (2011) Address by the President General of the Trade Union Congress of Nigeria (TUC) at 2011 May day celebrations, held at the Eagle Square, Abuja, May 1st.
Fajana, S. (1995). Industrial relations practice in Nigeria. Lagos: Labofin and Company
Fashoyin, T. (1980). Industrial Relations in Nigeria. Longman, Nigeria Press.
Fashoyin, T. (1981). Industrial relations and the political process in Nigeria. Geneva: International Institute for Labour Studies. Research Series, (69): 14-16.
Fashoyin, T. (1902). A model of union behaviour in Africa. Lagos: Department of Industrial Relations and Personnel Management.
Iyayi, F. (2002). The principle of our union: First ASUU pre-NDC lecture delivered at the 12th National Delegates Conference in Maidugri, 5th-8th April, 2002.
Joseph, M (1956), Labour Education: a study report on needs, programmes and approaches. Inter- University Labour Education Committee. p.17
Imoisili, C. I (1996) “Social research methods for Nigerian students” Malthouse press Ltd. Lagos
Levy, D. (2003): Profits and Practicality: How South Africa Epitomizes the Global Surge in Commercial Private Higher Education. Working Paper No. 4, PROPHE, State University of New York, Albany
Mainasara, I. K. U (2009) An appraisal of trade Unions and employment Regulations under the Law; A case study of Nigerian Labour Congress. Unpublished, LLM Thesis, Faculty of Law, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Marx, K. (1978). Capital. Vol. I. Penguin, Harmondsworth.
Michels, R. (1915). Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendenc - Ies of Modern Democracy. Translated into English by Eden Paul and Cedar Paul. New York: The Free Press. From the 1911 German source.
Mills, C. Wright. (1956). The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mosca, G. (1939). The Ruling Class. McGraw-Hill: New York
Moses, A. A, & Olalekan, A. A, (2010) The Role and Impact of Non-Academics Staff Union (NASU) in Two Nigerian Universities, Library Philosophy and Practice 2010, ISSN 1522-0222.
Ndagi, J (1999) Essentials of research methodology for educators’’ University press plc, Ibadan.
Nchuchuwe, F. & Ajulor, O. N. (2008) The Roles of Trade Unions and Civil Society in Good Governance: The case of Nigeria from 1999 Till Date. Nigeria Labour Congress Policy Document, 2007.
National Universities Commission (2004) Recent development in private higher Education in Africa: Highlights of UNESCO, ADEA, and AAU Policy forum, Accra, Nov. 2-4 Vol 3 (45)
Offiong, D. A. (1983). Organised Labour and Political Development in Nigeria. Calabar Centaur Press.
Okoro, N. P & Okoro, E, O. (2014) Time and Change: Development of Private Universities in Nigeria, International Journal of Business and Social Science Vol. 5, No. 9; August 2014, pp186-192
Okwori, A. & Okwori, A. G. (2007). “Federal Character and Geographical Spread of Universities: Implications for Quality and Access to University Education in Nigeria” in J.B. Babalola, (eds.).
Otobo, D. (1986). Foreign Interests and Nigerian Trade Unions. Ibadan: Heinemann Educational Books (Nig) Ltd
Omolayole, M. O. (1977, October). The Likely Impact of Industrial Unionism on Industrial Relations Practice in Nigeria. Journal of the Institute of Personnel Management in Nigeria,4, p17
Orji, M. G (2010) Impact of Privatization on Employee job performance in Indorama-Eleme Petrochemical Company Ltd’ MSc Thesis, Department of Business Administration, Igbinedion University Okada, Edo State Nigeria.
Osang, W. (2002). The trade unions and their impact on university education in Nigeria. M.Ed. Thesis, Department of Adult Education University of Ibadan.
Oyelere, M. A. (2007) Democratisation and democratic leadership: any prospect for trade union revitalisationin Nigeria? learning.londonmet.ac.uk/wlri/jist2007/10%20Syndicalisme/ZXOyelere.doc
Oyelere, M & Owoyemi, O. (2011) “Any Prospect for Trade Union Revitalisation in Nigeria through Democratisation and Democratic Leadership?” Journal of Politics and Law Vol. 4, No. 1.
Pareto, V. (1935). The Mind and Society( Trattato Di Sosiologia Generale), Harcourt Brace.
Pitan, O. O (2013) Role Of Unions In Industrial Relations: The Guidance Counsellor’s Input. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention’ www.ijhssi.org Volume 2 Issue 10ǁ October.PP.52-57
Sonubi, O., M (1987), Readings in Industrial Relations in Nigeria
Utulu, C. C. (2001): “Quality of University Education in Nigeria: Problems and Solutions”. Journal of the Common Wealth Council for Educational Administration and Management. 29 (1).
Varghese, N. V. (2004a): Patterns in Ownership and Operation of Private Higher Education institutions, in N. V. Varghese (ed.) Private Higher Education, Paris. 11EP. Varghese.
Weber, M. (1947). The Theory of Social and Economic Organizations. Henderson and Talcott Parsons, NY.
World Bank, (2002): Constructing Knowledge Societies: New Challenge for Higher Education. Washington, D. C. World Bank.