Implication of Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) on Kenya
Journal of World Economic Research
Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2016, Pages: 15-25
Received: Jul. 18, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 5, 2016; Published: Aug. 31, 2016
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Authors
Augustus Muluvi, Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), Nairobi, Kenya
Christopher Onyango, Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), Nairobi, Kenya
Manaseh Otieno, Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), Nairobi, Kenya
Simon Githuku, Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), Nairobi, Kenya
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Abstract
This study sought to examine the economic implication of EPAs on Kenya. In particular to analyze trade relations between Kenya and EU, the implications of EPAs on regional trade and other trade arrangements and welfare effects on Kenya. Using trade statistics analysis and partial equilibrium approach, the study found out that Kenya’s exports to the EU market are dominated by a narrow range of primary commodity exports that include cut flowers, tea, coffee, vegetables and fish. The perceived preference margins that Kenya is to enjoy with the conclusion of EPAs are declining and will continue to decline in the future because EU is also negotiating FTA with other countries/regions and that multilateral trade liberalization under the WTO implies continued decline of tariffs and other trade barriers in the future. On trade arrangements, the study found out that the conclusion of the WTO Doha Round will increase competition in the EU market and reduce policy space and flexibility that Kenya has negotiated under the Doha Round of negotiations. Although the simulation results show loss of tariff revenue as a result of trade liberalization, these are compensated for through net welfare gains as a result of reduced consumer prices and also increased trade creation. On the policy front, the study recommends that for Kenya to benefit from EPAs there is need to urgently address supply side constraints such as inadequate infrastructure, low productive capacity of producers which limits exportable surplus among others. Kenya should also enhance export growth and diversification away from limited primary and natural resource based commodities. In addition Kenya should work on its competitiveness to retain and benefit from trade agreements such as the EPAs. This is because tariff and other trade barriers are decreasing over time in the international markets.
Keywords
Preference Margins, Trade Arrangements, Doha Round, Welfare Effects
To cite this article
Augustus Muluvi, Christopher Onyango, Manaseh Otieno, Simon Githuku, Implication of Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) on Kenya, Journal of World Economic Research. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2016, pp. 15-25. doi: 10.11648/j.jwer.20160503.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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