Study on the Current Status of China’s Food Security Based on Multiple Dimensions Measurement
International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2018, Pages: 224-234
Received: Sep. 20, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 19, 2018;
Published: Nov. 12, 2018
Views 790 Downloads 81
Fang Min, Shandong Zibo Experimental High School, Zibo, China
Xin Qinghua, School of Economics, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, China
As a large agricultural country, food security is of vital importance to the national economy and people's livelihood. In recent years, food production has been constantly restricted in order to meet the needs of urbanization and economic development. And problems such as resource compression, cost increase and insufficient investment in science and technology have gradually surfaced. In order to guarantee the food production safety, this paper comprehensively analyzes the status of China's food security from four aspects: food availability, food access, food utilization and the stability of food security. Through comparative analysis, it is known that the overall situation of China's food security has been significantly improved. It is better than the average level of developing countries. China also has advantages when compared with other developing countries with large populations, but there is still a certain gap with the average level of developed countries. China's food security situation is not balanced in different dimensions. The food availability situation measured by indicators such as per capita food output and average dietary energy supply has significantly improved. The food access measured by per capita GDP, domestic food price index, prevalence of undernourishment and so on, enhances continuously. The global hunger index was significantly reduced in food utilization, and the condition of food utilization measured by clean drinking water sources and good sanitation facilities was significantly improved. The lower stability index of political stability, the higher domestic food price volatility and per capita food production variability are not conducive to the stability of food security.
Study on the Current Status of China’s Food Security Based on Multiple Dimensions Measurement, International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 5,
2018, pp. 224-234.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Davis C G, Thomas C Y, Amponsah W A. (2001). Globalization and Poverty: Lessons from the Theory and Practice of Food Security. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 83(3): 714-721.
Amartya Sen. (1983). Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. Oxford University Press, , Oxford, UK, 1981: 45-89.
Gilligan D O, Hoddinott J. (2007). Is There Persistence in the Impact of Emergency Food Aid? Evidence on Consumption, Food Security and Assets in Rural Ethiopia. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 89 (2): 225-242.
Smith L C, El Obeid A E, Jensen H H. (2000). The geography and causes of food insecurity in developing countries. Agricultural Economics, 22 (2): 199-215.
Kropf L, Holben D H, Holcomb J P, et al. (2007). Food security status and produce intake and behaviors of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participants. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(11): 1903-1908.
Doocy S, Teferra S, Norell D, Burnham G. (2005). Credit program outcomes: coping capacity and nutritional status in the food insecure context of Ethiopia. Social Science & Medicine, 60: 2371-2382.
Shaikh F M. (2007). Determinants of Household Food Security and Consumption Pattern in Rural Sindh: An Application of Non-Separable Agricultural Household Model. Conference Paper, Spain.
Jones, A. D, Ngure, F. M., Pelto, G., Young, S. L. (2013). What are we assessing when wemeasure food security? A compendium and review of current metrics. Advances in Nutrition, 4 (5): 481–505.
Carletto, C., Zezza, A., Banerjee, R. (2013). Towards better measurement of household food security: harmonizing indicators and the role of household surveys. Global Food Security, (2): 30–40.
Leroy J L, Ruel M, Frongillo E A, et al. (2015). Measuring the Food Access Dimension of Food Security: A Critical Review and Mapping of Indicators. Food & Nutrition Bulletin, 36(2): 167-195.
Pérez-Escamilla R, Gubert M B, Rogers B, et al. (2017). Food security measurement and governance: Assessment of the usefulness of diverse food insecurity indicators for policy makers. Global Food Security.
UI Ahmed, L Ying, MK Bashir, et al. (2017). Status and determinants of small farming households' food security and role of market access in enhancing food security in rural Pakistan. Plos one, 12(10): 1-15.
Ritchie H, Reay D, Higgins P. (2018). Sustainable food security in India-Domestic production and macronutrient availability. Plos One, 13(3): 1-17.
Dharmaraju N, Mauleshbhai SS, Arulappan N, et al. (2018). Household food security in an urban slum: Determinants and trends. Journal of Family Medicine & Primary Care, (7): 819-822.
Haroon Yousaf, Muhammad Iqbal Zafar, Farkhanda Anjum and Sultan Ali Adil. (2018). Food security status and its determinants: a case of farmer and non-farmer rural households of the Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 55(1): 217-225.
Gong Maogang. (2015). Multidimensional Dimension of Food Security and Its Measurement. Journal of ningxia university (humanities and social sciences edition), (5): 158-162.