An Open-door Immature Policy for Rural Electrification: A Case Study of Afghanistan
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 6, Issue 3-1, May 2017, Pages: 8-13
Received: Jun. 9, 2016;
Accepted: Jun. 16, 2016;
Published: Nov. 22, 2016
Views 3226 Downloads 104
Mir Sayed Shah Danish, Energy Engineering Department, Kabul University, Kabul, Afghanistan
Najib Rahman Sabory, Energy Engineering Department, Kabul University, Kabul, Afghanistan
Sayed Mir Shah Danish, Electrical Department, Technical Teachers Training Academy (TTTA), Kabul, Afghanistan
Gul Ahmad Ludin, Electrical and Electronics Department, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
Atsushi Yona, Electrical and Electronics Department, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
Tomonobu Senjyu, Electrical and Electronics Department, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
Electricity policy as a tool for enhancing the persistent of energy resources' appropriate exploitation and deployment are known essential. Conversely, an open-door immature energy policy can lead a nation to an irrecoverable consequences. In this paper, electrification policy-related gaps and their worst-case scenarios and reasons behind the dominant increasing trend for decentralized PV system application are addressed in form of a case study. Over the last 13 years, numbers of PV rooftop projects have been inaugurated around the country but due to immature energy policy for ensuring the PV project life-span; excluding few, all the PV systems in medium and large scales villages are failed due to poor maintenance and operation. In the present approach, techno-economic analysis of customary implementation of PV systems are developed. The methodology is first conducted to develop cost-effective centralized PV system. Then, a comparative analysis of techno-economical approach of both centralized and decentralized PV systems are discussed, which is associated with systems' advantages, disadvantages, practicability studies, and barriers.
Mir Sayed Shah Danish,
Najib Rahman Sabory,
Sayed Mir Shah Danish,
Gul Ahmad Ludin,
An Open-door Immature Policy for Rural Electrification: A Case Study of Afghanistan, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Special Issue: Sustainable Energy Design and Exploitation.
Vol. 6, No. 3-1,
2017, pp. 8-13.
EPIA Sees Solar Power at the Crossroads | photovoltaic production, http://www.photovoltaicproduction.com/3365/ epia-solar-power-at-the-crossroads (accessed Feb 12, 2014).
Qing-Shan Jia, Jian-Xiang Shen, Zhan-Bo Xu, and Xiao-Hong Guan.: 'Simulation-Based Policy Improvement for Energy Management in Commercial Office Buildings', Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions, Volume:3, Issue: 4., 2012, pp. 2211 - 2223, doi: 10.1109/TSG.2012.2214069
The World Bank. (2013, Nov). Afghanistan Overview. The World Bank. Kabul, Afghanistan. Available: http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/afghanistan/overview.
Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS), Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.: 'Energy Infrastructure' (Volume 2, Pillar 3, 2008).
Terry Mohn.: 'It Takes a Village: Rural Electrification in East Africa', Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE, Volume: 11, Issue: 4., 2013, pp. 46-51, doi: 10.1109/MPE.2013.2258281
Asia Developing Bank (ADB), “Technical Assistance Consultant’s Report,” Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW): Power Sector Master Plan, ADB., Kabul, Rep. P. No 43497, May, 2013.
Wahiddullah Sabavon, Gardizi, “Electricity In Afghanistan,” in Madina Printing Press, 1st ed. Kabul, Afghanistan, 2008. pp. 1–24.
MRRD, Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. "Rural Electrical Implementation Guidelines." http://mrrd.gov.af/Content/files/Rural%20Electrical%20Implementation%20Guidelines.pdf (accessed April 6, 2014).
Zhanbo Xu., Xiaohong Guan, Qing-Shan Jia, Jiang Wu, Dai Wang, and Siyun Chen: 'Performance Analysis and Comparison on Energy Storage Devices for Smart Building Energy Management', Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions, Volume:3, Issue: 4., 2012, pp. 2136 - 2147, doi: 10.1109/TSG.2012.2218836
Program for Culture and Conflict Studies. http://www.nps.edu/programs/CCS/Docs/Executive%20Summaries/Logar.pdf (accessed April 17, 2014).
Nadeem Malik, “Energy Resources in Afghanistan and Measures to Improve for Sustainable Development,” Journal of Sustainable Energy, vol. JSE-2, no. 4. Dec, 2011.
Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. "National Solidarity Programme." http://www.nspafghanistan.org (accessed May 4, 2014).
MRRD, Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. "Ministry Archive.". March, 2014.
Dan Wang, and Fang Zheng Peng.: 'Smart Gateway Grid: A DG-Based Residential Electric Power Supply System', Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions, Volume: 3, Issue: 4., 2012, pp. 2232 - 2239, doi: 10.1109/TSG.2012.2214070
MUDA, Ministry of Urban Development Affairs. "Strategic Development Plan, Database.". March, 2014.
"OkSolar.". http://www.oksolar.com (accessed April 12, 2014).
Welcome to Wholesale Solar. "Welcome to Wholesale Solar.". http://www.wholesalesolar.com (accessed February 18, 2014).
Maeda, Martha. How to Solar Power Your Home. Florida: Atlantic Publishing Group, Inc., 2011.
Hoff, T.E. "Photovoltaic Incentive Design Handbook." In. Battelle: Clean Power Research Napa, California, 2006..
"Solar Electric System Design, Operation and Installation." In. Olympia: Washington State University Extension Energy Program, 2009.
Hubert, T., and Grijalva, S.: 'Modeling for Residential Electricity Optimization in Dynamic Pricing Environments', Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions, Volume:3, Issue: 4., 2012, pp. 2224-2231, doi: 10.1109/TSG.2012.2220385
Homer Energy Software. "HOMER ENERGY." http://homerenergy.com (accessed January 14, 2014).