Modeling of Hydrate Deposition in Loading and Offloading Flowlines of Marine CNG Systems
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 1-6
Received: Nov. 29, 2014;
Accepted: Dec. 3, 2014;
Published: Feb. 13, 2015
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Esam I. Jassim, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia, 31952
The main aim of this paper is to demonstrate the prediction of the model capability of predicting the nucleation process, the growth rate, and the deposition potential of hydrate particles in gas flowlines. The primary objective of the research is to predict the risk hazards involved in the marine transportation of compressed natural gas. However the proposed model can be equally used for other applications including production and transportation of natural gas in any high pressure flowline. The proposed model employs the following three main components to approach the problem: computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique is used to configure the flow field; the nucleation model is developed and incorporated in the simulation to predict the incipient hydrate particles size and growth rate; and the deposition of the gas/particle flow is proposed using the concept of the particle deposition velocity. These components are integrated in comprehended model to locate the hydrate deposition in natural gas flowlines. The present research is prepared to foresee the hydrate deposition location that could occur in a real application in Compressed Natural Gas loading and offloading. A pipeline with 120 m length and different sizes carried a natural gas is taken in the study. The location of hydrate deposition formed as a result of restriction is determined based on the procedure mentioned earlier and the effect of water content and downstream pressure is studied. The critical flow speed that prevents hydrate to accumulate in the certain pipe length is also addressed.
Esam I. Jassim,
Modeling of Hydrate Deposition in Loading and Offloading Flowlines of Marine CNG Systems, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Special Issue: Renewable Energy and Its Environmental Impaction.
Vol. 3, No. 6-1,
2014, pp. 1-6.
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