Effect of Silver Nano-Particle Blended Biodiesel and Swirl on the Performance of Diesel Engine Combustion
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 150-157
Received: Sep. 3, 2014;
Accepted: Sep. 17, 2014;
Published: Dec. 8, 2014
Views 3038 Downloads 270
Nagaraj Banapurmath, Department of Mechanical Engineering, B. V. B. College of Engineering and Technology, Hubli-580031, India
T. Narasimhalu, Department of Mechanical Engineering, B. V. B. College of Engineering and Technology, Hubli-580031, India
Anand Hunshyal, Department of Civil Engineering, B. V. B. College of Engineering and Technology, Hubli-580031, India
Radhakrishnan Sankaran, Nehru College of Engineering and Research Centre Pampady, Trissure (Dist), Kerala, India
Mohammad Hussain Rabinal, Department of Physics, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
Narasimhan Ayachit, Department of Physics, Rani Channamma University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India
Rohan Kittur, Department of Mechanical Engineering, B. V. B. College of Engineering and Technology, Hubli-580031, India
Increased energy requirement in sectors like transportation, power generation and others coupled with depletion of high energy non-renewable energy resources like petroleum products and their harmful tail pipe emissions has led to search for new alternative and renewable energy resources. Different methods have been adopted to reduce tail pipe emissions and these include engine modification, fuel alteration, and exhaust gas treatment. Low emission characteristics and equivalent energy density of biodiesel are useful for replacement for petroleum fuels in internal combustion engines. Recently addition of catalytic reactivity materials like metal and oxide materials to biodiesel and their effect on engine performance has been reported in the literature. Due to their special properties like higher thermal conductivity, chemical and electrical properties enhanced properties of the base fuel diesel/biodiesel when these additives were used has been reported. In the present work both engine modification as well as fuel alteration techniques have been adopted to study their effect on diesel engine performance and emission characteristics. Engine modification involved provision of tangential slots on the piston crown surface. Fuel modification included addition of metal and metal oxide nano-particles to Honge biodiesel called Honge Oil Methyl Ester (HOME) as an alternative fuel for diesel engine applications. Experimental investigations were carried out to determine performance, emission, and combustion characteristics of diesel engine operated on diesel, HOME and HOME-silver nano-particles blended fuels. The biodiesel was prepared from honge oil called Honge Oil Methyl Ester [HOME]. The silver nano-particles were blended with HOME in the mass fractions of 25ppm and 50ppm using a mechanical homogenizer and an ultrasonicator. Subsequently, the stability characteristics of silver nano-particles blended–biodiesel fuels were analyzed under static conditions for their homogeneity. A considerable enhancement in the brake thermal efficiency with substantial reduction in the harmful pollutants from the engine for the nano-additive biodiesel blends was observed. Maximum brake thermal efficiency was obtained for HOME+ 50SILVER with reduced harmful pollutants compared to HOME+25SILVER blends. With swirl intended slots provided on the piston crown surface the performance was further improved using HOME+50SILVER in general and for 6.5mm slot on the combustion chamber in particular.
Mohammad Hussain Rabinal,
Effect of Silver Nano-Particle Blended Biodiesel and Swirl on the Performance of Diesel Engine Combustion, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2014, pp. 150-157.
Williams & van den Wildenberg, Roadmap Report on Nano-particles, November 2005.
J.Matthew, H.Calvin Li, Abdollah Afjeh, G.P. Peterson, Experimental study of combustion characteristics of nanoscale metal and metal oxide additives in bio fuel (ethanol), Nanoscale Research Letters, 2011; 6:246.
Kao Mu-Jung, Chen-Ching Ting, Bai-Fu Lin, and Tsing-Tshih Tsung, Aqueous Aluminum Nanofluid Combustion in Diesel Fuel, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, 36(2).
C.Allen, G.Mittal, C.Sung, E.Tulson and T.Lee, An Aerosal rapid compression machine for studying energetic-nanoparticle-enhanced combustion of liquid fuels, 2011; 33(2):3367-3374.
H.Tagi, P.E.Phelan, R. Prasher, R. Peck., T. Lee, J.R. Pacheco, and P. Arentzen, Increased Hot-Plate ignition Probability for Nanoparticle-Laden Diesel Fuel, Nano Lett, 2008; 8(5):1410-1416.
B. Sadhik and R.B. Anand, Effects of Alumina Nano-particles Blended Jatropha Biodiesel Fuel on Working Characteristics of a Diesel Engine, International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Technology, 2010; 2(1): 53-62: ISSN 0974-3146.
V. Sajith, C.B.Sobhan and G.P.Peterson. Experimental Investigations on the Effects of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Fuel Additives on Biodiesel, Advances in Mechanical Engineering Volume (2010), Article ID 581407, 6 pages doi:10.1155/2010/58140.
V. Arul Mozhi Selvan, R.B. Anand and M.Udayakumar, Effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle addition in diesel and diesel-biodiesel-ethanol blends on the performance and emission characteristics of a C.I engine, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, September 2009; 4(7).
L.Sabourin Justin, M. Daniel Dabbs, A. Richard, Yetter, L. Frederick Dryer, and A. Ilhan Aksay, Functionalized Graphene Sheet Colloids for Enhanced Fuel/Propellant Combustion, 2009, 3(12) : 3945-3954.
J. Basha Sadhik and R.B. Anand, An experimental investigation in a diesel engine using carbon nanotubes blended water–diesel emulsion fuel, Journal of Power and Energy 2011,Vol 225:279-288.
Risi Arturo de, T. Donateo and D. Laforgia. Optimization of the Combustion Chamber of Direct Injection Diesel Engines, SAE 2003; 01(1064).
S. Herbert and T. Fred, Three Dimensional Computations for Flow Fields in D I Piston Bowls, SAE 1986; 60463.
C.V. Subba Reddy, C. Eswara Reddy, K. Hemachandra Reddy, Effect of Tangential Grooves on Piston Crown Of D.I. Diesel Engine with Retarded Injection Timing, International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, 2013, 5(10): 01-06.
V.V. Bharathi, Prathibha and Dr. Smt.G. Prasanthi, Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Air Swirl on Performance and Emissions Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Karanja Biodiesel, International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, 2012, 2(8) : 08-13
D.J.Timoey, SAE paper 1985,851543,
G.A. Tippelmen. New method of investigation of swirl ports, S A E paper 1977, 770404.
N. R. Banapurmath, P. G. Tewari, 2008,“Combustion and emission characteristics of a direct injection CI engine when operated on Honge oil, Honge oil methyl ester (HOME) and blends of Honge oil methyl ester (HOME) and diesel”, International Journal of Sustainable Energy, June 1 (2):80–93.
N. R. Banapurmath, and P. G. Tewari, 2010, “Performance, combustion, and emissions characteristics of a single-cylinder compression ignition engine operated on ethanol–biodiesel blended fuels”, Proc. IMechE, Vol. 224, Part A: J. Power and Energy, 533-543.
T.K. Hayes, L.D.Savage, and S.C. Soreson (1986), Cylinder Pressure Data Acquisition and Heat Release Analysis on a Personal Computer. Society of Automotive Engineers, Paper No. 860029, USA.