International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2013, Pages: 201-204
Received: Sep. 1, 2013;
Published: Oct. 20, 2013
Views 2874 Downloads 192
Muhammad Muktar Namadi, Department of Chemistry, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna
Maikaje Dominic Bawa, Department of Chemistry, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna
Denwe Samuel Dangmwan, Department of Chemistry, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna
Abdullahi Fatima Ahmed, Department of Chemistry, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna
An evaluation of sugar content and bioethanol potential of some freshwater biomass namely; Eichhornia crassipes (Water Hyacinth) Pistia stratiotes (Water Lettuce) and Salvinia molesta (Water Fern) was carried out in a batch hydrolysis and fermentation processes. Determinations of xylose and glucose content were achieved using phloroglucinol and Dinitrosalicylic assay respectively. While the amount of glucose in E. crassipes, P. stratiotes and S. molesta were 0.08, 0.07 and 0.04 g/L, that of xylose were found to be 0.11, 09 and 0.07 g/L respectively. The results of analysis of biofuel potential show that maximum ethanol yield of 25 cm3 was observed in E. crassipess, 25 cm3 in P. stratiotes and 20 cm3 was found in S. molesta after 21days of fermentation and this gave a corresponding mean yield of 18.3 cm3, 17.6 cm3 and 15.0 cm3 respectively. The study concludes that the sugar content in the freshwater biomass determined the amount of ethanol yield. While there are no significant differences in the bioethanol production potential between the three biomass samples, E. crassipess and P. stratiotes have higher yield than S. molesta.
Muhammad Muktar Namadi,
Maikaje Dominic Bawa,
Denwe Samuel Dangmwan,
Abdullahi Fatima Ahmed,
Evaluation of Sugar Content and Bioethanol Potentials of Some Freshwater Biomass, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2013, pp. 201-204.
Bentley R.W. (2002). Global Oil and gas depletion: An Overview. Energy Policy, 30: 189-205.
Campbell, A. & Doswald, N. (2009). The impacts of biofuel production on biodiversity: A review of the current literature. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK
Carvalheiro E, Duarte Lc, Girio F.M. (2008). Hemicelluloses biorefineries. a review on biomass pretreatments. Journal of scientific and industrial Research 67:849-864.
Chukwuka, K.S. and Uka U.N. (2007). Effect of waterhyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) infestation on Zooplankton populations in Akwa reservoir Ibadan South West Nigeria J. Biol.Sci. 7:865-869.
Eberts, TJ sample RH, Glick MR and, Ellis,G.H. (1979). A simplified Calorimetric Micro Method or xylose in serum of urine with phloroghicinol. Clin. chem.25:1440-3.
Galbe, M.and Zacchi G. (2007). Pretreatment of lignocelluloses materials for efficient bioethanol production. Adv.Biochem. Eng./Biotechnol. 108:41-65.
Gressel J. (2008). Trangenics are imperative for biofuel crops. Plant SC: 174: 246-263.
Johnson, SL, Bliss, M, Mayerson, M, Conrad,K.A(1984).Phloroglucinol-base colorimetry of xylose in Plasma and urine compared with a specific gas chromatogragphic procedure. clin chem. 30:1571-4.
Lin Y. and Tanaka, S. (2006.) Ethanol fermentation from biomass resources; current state and prospects. Appl microbial Biotechnol,69:627-642.
Malik A (2007). Environmental challenge visa a vis opportunity: The case of water hyacinth. Environ. Int.,33: 127-138.
Masami G.O., Usui, I., and Urano N (2008). Ethanol production from the water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) by yeast isolated from various hydrosphere’s. African J. Microbio Res. 2:110-113.
Miller, G.L., (1959). Use of dinitrosalicyclic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar, Anal. Chem. 31, 426.
Mukhopadhay and chatterjee (2010). Bioconversion of Water Hyacinth Hydrolysate into Ethanol. Bioresources 5(2), 1301-1310.
Martinez A, Rodriques, ME, York, SW, Preston JF, Ingram L.O (2000.) Effect of Ca(OH)2 treatments on the composition and toxicity of bagasse Hemicellolose Hydrolysates. Biotechnol, bioeng 6:526-36.
Standbury, P.F., Whitaker, A (1984).Principles of fermentation technology. Robert Maxwell publisher p.32.9.
Uka, U.N., Mohammed, H.A. and Ovie, S.I. (2009). Current Diversity of Aquatic Macrophytes in Nigerian Freshwater Ecosystem. Braz. J. Aquat. Sci. Technol., 2009, 13(2): 9-15.