Please enter verification code
Transitioning the Dominican Republic: Regimes, Niches and Scenarios
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages: 37-50
Received: Nov. 15, 2013; Published: Feb. 28, 2014
Views 2948      Downloads 136
Daniël Amrish Lachman, Institute for Graduate Studies and Research and Mechanical Engineering Discipline, Anton de Kom University of Suriname; FHR Lim A Po Institute, Paramaribo, Suriname
Article Tools
Follow on us
Energy security in the Dominican Republic is far from acceptable; black-outs, high tariffs, politicized decisions etc. are common. Furthermore, the future outlook seems worse due to effects of the global economy, climate change, oil prices, further degradation of the existing system, etc. A transition towards sustainable alternatives is therefore mandatory. In this paper a combination of existing concepts and approaches is used to indentify possible roadblocks and windfalls for such a transition in the Dominican Republic. This combination starts with defining the unit of analysis, after which actors in the socio-technical energy system are charted through literature research and interviews. Next, using social network analysis, regimes and niches are identified to depict the unit of analysis in a more useful manner for managing transitions. The step hereafter consists of creating internal and external scenarios based on critical uncertainties to insure transition management efforts against uncertainty. Moving to Transition Management, robustness analysis is then used to evaluate strategies and policies in all combinations of these internal and external scenarios to get to an optimum set of strategies and policies which are used to form a normative scenario. This will be used to get stakeholders behind the transition effort. The results are a clear overview of the energy system, impediments and opportunities regarding transitions, possible futures, and the validity of strategies and policies in different scenarios for the Dominican Republic.
Energy System Transition Management, Socio-Technical Systems, the Dominican Republic
To cite this article
Daniël Amrish Lachman, Transitioning the Dominican Republic: Regimes, Niches and Scenarios, American Journal of Energy Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 37-50. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20140201.15
Billiet, J., Loosveldt, G., Waterplas, L (1990), Het survey-interview onderzocht, effecten van het ontwerp en gebruik van vragenlijsten op de kwaliteit van de antwoorden. S.O.I. reeks sociologische studies en documenten, Departement Sociologie, Sociologisch Onderzoeksinstituut, K.U. Leuven, Leuven
Bryman, A. (2004), Social Research Methods. Second edition, Oxford University Press, New York
Bulmer, M. Warwick, D. eds. (1993), Social research in Developing Countries, surveys and censuses in the third world, reprint 2004, UCL Press, London
Burgos, F.J. (2008). Regional electricity cooperation and integration in the Americas: potential environmental, social and economic benefits. Organization of American States, Washington D.C.
Contreras-Lisperguer, R., de Cuba, K. (2008), The potential impact of climate change on the energy sector in the Caribbean region. Organization of American States, Washington D.C.
Conway, M. (2004), Scenario Planning: An Innovative Way to Strategy Development. Swinburg University of Technology
Elliot, D., Schwartz, M., George, R., Haymes, S., Heimiller, D., Scott, G. (2001), Wind energy resource atlas for the Dominican Republic, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge
Geels, F.W. (2002), "Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: a multi-level perspective and a case study", Research Policy 31, pp. 1257-1274
Geels, F.W. (2004), "From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical systems: Insights about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory", Research Policy 33, pp. 897–920
Geels, F.W. (2006), "Co-evolutionary and multi-level dynamics in transitions: The transformation of aviation systems and the shift from propeller to turbojet (1930–1970)", Technovation 26, pp. 999–1016
Geels, F.W. (2007), "Analysing the breakthrough of rock ‘n’ roll (1930–1970). Multi-regime interaction and reconfiguration in the multi-level perspective", Technological Forecasting & Social Change 74, pp. 1411-1431
Geels, F.W. (2010a), "Ontologies, socio-technical transitions (to sustainability), and the multi-level perspective", Research Policy 39, pp. 495-510
Geel, F.W. (2010b), "A multilevel perspective on system innovation", Understanding Industrial Transformation. View from Different Disciplines. Olsthoorn X., Wieczorek A. (eds.), Springer, Dordrecht
Geels, F.W. (2012), "A socio-technical analysis of low-carbon transitions: Introducing the multi-level perspective into transport studies", Journal of Transport Geography, 24, pp. 471-482
Granovetter, M. (1983), "The strength of weak ties: a network theory revisited", Sociological Theory 1, pp. 201-233
Grin, J., Rotmans, J., Schot, J. (2010), Transitions to Sustainable Development. New Directions in the Study of Long Term Transformative Change, Routhledge, New York
Hanneman, R.A., Riddle M. (2005), Introduction to social network methods, University of California, Riverside, Riverside
Hekkert, M., Suurs, R., Negro, S., Kuhlmann, S., Smits, R. (2007), "Functions of innovation systems: A new approach for analysing technological change", Technological Forecasting & Social Change 74, pp. 413 - 432
Izquierdo, L.R., Hanneman, R.A. (2006), Introduction to the formal analysis of social networks using mathematica, available at (accessed December 18, 2011)
Lachman, D.A. (2011), "Leapfrog to the future: Energy scenarios and strategies for Suriname to 2050", Energy Policy. 39, pp. 5035-5044,
Lachman, D.A. (2013), "A survey and review of approaches to study transitions", Energy Policy 58, pp. 269-276
Loorbach, D. (2010), "Transition Management for Sustainable Development: A Prescriptive, Complexity-Based Framework", Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions 23, pp. 161-183
Loorbach, D., van den Brugge, R., Taanman, M. (2008), "Governance in the energy transition: Practice of transition management in the Netherlands", International Journal Environmental Technology and Management 9, pp. 294-315
Loorbach, D., Rotmans, J. (2006), Managing transitions for sustainable development. Dutch Research Institute For Transitions, Rotterdam
Magrin, G., Gay García, C., Cruz Choque, D. (2007), "2007: Latin America", Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Parry, M. L., Canziani, O. F., Palutikof, J. P., et al. (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Meisen, P., Krumpel, S. (2009), Renewable energy potential of Latin America, Global Energy Network Institute, San Diego
Minto, B. (1996), The Minto Pyramid Principle: Logic in Writing, Thinking, and Problem Solving. New and expanded ed., Minto Books International, Inc., London
Nekkers, J. (2006), Wijzer in de Toekomst. Werken met toekomstscenario’s, Uitgeverij Business Contact, Amsterdam
Nexant (2010), Caribbean regional electricity generation, interconnection and fuels supply strategy, Nexant, White Plains
OAS (2007), Sustainable energy policy initiative report for Latin America and the Caribbean, Organization of American States, Washington D.C.
Ogilvy, J., Smith, E. (2004), "Mapping Public and Private Scenario Planning: Lessons from regional projects", Development. Vol.: 47, No.: 4, Society for International Development, s.l.
Raven, R., Verbong, G. (2007), "Multi-Regime Interactions in the Dutch Energy Sector: the Case of Combined Heat and Power Technologies in the Netherlands 1970-2000", Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 19, pp. 491-507
Rip, A., Kemp, R., (1998), "Technological change", Human Choice and Climate Change. Eds. Rayner, S., Malone, E., vol. 2. Battelle Press, Columbus, pp. 327–399.
Scearce, D., Fulton, K., the Global Business Network (2004), What If? The Art of Scenario Thinking for Nonprofits, Global Business Network, Emeryville
Schwartz, P., and Ogilvy, J.A. (1998), "Plotting your Scenarios", Learning from the Future. Competitive Foresight Scenarios. Eds.: Fahey, Liam and Randall, Robert M., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York
Shove, E. (2012), "Energy Transitions in Practice. The Case of Global Indoor Climate Change", Governing the Energy Transition. Reality, Illusion or Necessity? Eds. Verbong G. and Loorbach D. Routledge, New York
Smith, A., Voβ, J., Grin, J. (2010), "Innovation studies and sustainability transitions: The allure of the multi-level perspective and its challenges", Research Policy, 39 (4), pp. 435-448
Sovacool, B.K. (2009), "Rejecting renewables: The socio-technical impediments to renewable electricity in the United States", Energy Policy 11 (37), 4500 – 4513
Star, J., Randall, D. (2007), "Growth Scenarios: Tools to Resolve Leaders’ Denial and Paralysis", Strategy & Leadership, Vol. 35, No. 2, p 56 – 59
Strauss, A., Corbin, J. (1998), Basics of Qualitative Research, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks
Taylor, J.B. (1999), The Robustness and Efficiency of Monetary Policy Rules as Guidelines for Interest Rate Setting by the European Central Bank, Stanford University, s.l.
van der Heijden, K. (2005), Scenarios. The Art of Strategic Conversation, Second edition John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186