Parametric Evaluation of Bio-Digestion Process-A Review
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 6-9
Received: Mar. 14, 2018;
Accepted: Apr. 18, 2018;
Published: May 18, 2018
Views 1166 Downloads 60
Manish Baweja, Department of Mechanical Engineering, AISECT University, Bhopal, India
Prashant Baredar, Department of Energy, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India
R. R. Lal, Department of Mechanical Engineering, AISECT University, Bhopal, India
Follow on us
Anaerobic digestion is the biodegradation of the organic waste with the aid of bacteria which performs it work in the absence of oxygen. The main objective of anaerobic digestion is the degradation and destruction of organic substances, with consequent reduction of the pathogens. & odorous emissions. Anaerobic digestion process consists of four major steps: hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis an methanogenesis vegetable wastes are a fine substrate with possibility to produce methane and are available. In abundance This work reviews the various parameters affecting the biodigestion process. A careful consideration when selecting the working method parameter such, organic loading rate (OLR), C/N ratio, Gas production rate inoculums to substrate ration (ISR) temperature & pressure hydraulic retention time, Electricity generation calculations are given. Improvement in C/N ratio, higher bio-degradability, effective volatile solids (VS) elimination, eco-friendly sludge production has been regarded as advantage of co-digestion process.
Parametric Evaluation, Energy Recovery, Renewable Sources, C/N Ratio, Organic Loading Rate, Biogas, Methane, pH
To cite this article
R. R. Lal,
Parametric Evaluation of Bio-Digestion Process-A Review, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 6-9.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Remade Scotland. Overview of research achievements and perspectives. Bioresource technology, 74:3-16.
W. Yuanyuan, Z. Yanlin, W. Jianbo, and M. Liang, "Effects of volatile fatty acid concentrations on methane yield and methanogenic bacteria," Biomass and bioenergy, vol. 33, pp. 848-853, 2009.
Monnet, F. (2003): An Introduction to anaerobic digestion of organic wastes.
K. C. Surendra, D. Takara, A. G. Hashimoto, and S. K. Khanal, "Biogas as a sustainable energy source for developing countries: Opportunities and challenges," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 31, PP846-859, 3// 2014.
V. S. Patil and H. V. Deshmukh, "A review on optimization of parameters for vegetable waste biomethanation," Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, vol. 4, pp. 488- 493, 2015.
Ireen Maile +, Edison Muzenda and Charles Mbohwa “Optimization of Biogas Production through Anaerobic Digestion of Fruit and Vegetable Waste: A Review”2016 7th International Conference on Biology, Environment and Chemistry Volume 98 of IPCBEE (2016) PP1-9.
Robert M. W. Ferguson 1, Fr_ed_eric Coulon, Raffaella Villa Organic loading rate: A promising microbial management tool in anaerobic digestion. 2016 PP348-356.
S. Sathish, S. Vivekanandan Parametric optimization for floating drum anaerobic bio-digester using Response Surface Methodology and Artificial Neural Network 2016 PP3297-3307.
Rishi Pareek and Hemant J. Nagarsheth Preparation Parametric Comparison and PerformanceEvaluation of FRP and HDPE Type Biogas Digesters Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, Vol. 4, No. 5, September 2016PP357-361.
Das A. and Mondal C. Biogas Production from Co-digestion of Substrates: A Review International Research Journal of Environment Sciences ISSN 2319–1414 Vol. 5(1), 49-57, January (2016).
Antony. P. Pallan, Dr. S. Antony Raja, Dr. C. G. Varma: Operational Conditions of Anaerobic Digestion and their optimization for enhanced gas Production A Review International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 7, Issue 7, July 2017 49 ISSN 2250-3153PP49-55.
Gurinderpal Singh, V. K. Jain and Amanpreet Singh Effect of Temperature and other factors on Anaerobic Digestion Process, responsible for Bio Gas Production International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. ISSN 0973-6085 Volume 12, Number 3 (2017) pp. 637-657.
Azadeh Babaee, Jalal Shayegan Effect of organic loading rates (OLR) on production of methane from anaerobic digestion of vegetables waste PP411-417.
Hiya Dhar Pradeep Kumar Sunil Kumar Somnath Mukherjee, Atul N. Vaidya Effect of organic loading rate during anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste PP-56-61.