Qualitative and Quantitative Feasibility of Biogas Production from Kitchen Waste
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 1-5
Received: Sep. 10, 2017;
Accepted: Dec. 28, 2017;
Published: Mar. 7, 2018
Views 1862 Downloads 116
Haftu Gebretsadik, Department of Chemistry, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Solomon Mulaw, Department of Chemistry, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Giday Gebregziabher, Department of Chemistry, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Follow on us
This study focuses on production of biogas from kitchen waste using modified digester. The digester has been placed in four different conditions. As the result shows, production of gas gradually increased and peaked to 0.360, 0.260, 0.150 and 0.116m3 at 9th, 12th, 17th and 23th days of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th sets respectively. Due to depletion of the developed culture and organic content of the waste, gas production becomes decreased and then nearly zero at 22th and 29th days of the 1st and 2nd sets. But For the last two cases production is not completed within thirty days. Finally, 10kg of food waste has been produced a total of 2.292, 1.783, 1.172 and 0.962m3 of biogas from the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th sets respectively and the best waste/water ratio is 1:2. Temperature, particle size and pH are the main factors affecting microbial activity and then methane production. Of those, temperature is the most important factor. Low pH decrease’s the biogas production by facilitating hydrolysis and acidogenesis reactions and makes bacteria’s to utilize the waste more readily. Generally, production of biogas in Shoarobit is more feasible, and takes short time than in Debre Berhan town.
Anaerobic Digestion, Compact Bio-Digester, Particle Size, PH, Temperature
To cite this article
Qualitative and Quantitative Feasibility of Biogas Production from Kitchen Waste, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 1-5.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Levis, J. W. (2010). Assessment of the state of food waste treatment in the United States and Canada. Journal of Waste Management 30 (8-9): 1486-94.
Ma, J., Doung, T. (2011). Enhanced biomethanation of kitchen waste by different pre treatment methods. Journal of Bioresource Technology 102: 592-599.
Sans, C. (1995). Volatile Fatty Acids Production by Mesophilic Fermentation of Mechanically- Sorted Urban Organic waste in a Plug- Flow Reactor. Journal of Bioresource Technology 51: 89-96.
Elefsiniotis, P., Wareham, G. D., (2006). Utilization Patterns of Volatile Fatty Acids in the Denitrification Reaction. Journal of Enzyme and Microbial Technology 41: 92-97.
Parkin, G. F., Owen, W. F. (1986). Fundamentals of Anaerobic Digestion of Waste water Sludge. Journal of Environmental Engineering 112 (5): 867-920.
Liu, C. (2007). Prediction of methane yield at optimum pH for anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste. Journal of Bioresource Technology 99: 882-888.
Thomsen, A. B., Lissens, G., Baere, L., Verstraete, W., Ahring, B. (2004). Thermal wet oxidation improves anaerobic biodegradability of raw and digested bio-waste. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 38: 3418-3424.
Ralph, M., Dong, J. (2010). Environmental Microbiology Second. A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Publication.
Mata-Alvarez, J., Mace, S., Llabres, P. (2000). Anaerobic digestion of organic solid wastes. An overview of research achievements and perspectives. Journal of Bioresource Technology 74: 3-16.
Kumar, S., Gaikwad, S. A., Shekdar, A. K., Kshirsagar, P. K., Singh, R. N. (2004). Estimation method for national methane emission from solid waste landfills. Atmospheric Environment. 38: 3481–3487.
Jantsch, T. G., Matttiason, B. (2004). An automated Spectrophotometry system for monitoring buffer capacity in anaerobic digestion processes. Water Research. 38: 3645- 3650.
Thomsen, A. B., Lissens, G., Baere, L., Verstraete, W., Ahring, B. (2004). Thermal wet oxidation improves anaerobic biodegradability of raw and digested bio-waste. Environmental Science and Technology. 38: 3418-3424.
Gebreegziabher, S. a et al., 2010. "Economic analysis of anaerobic digestion—A case of Green power biogas plant in The Netherlands". NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 57 (2), pp. 109-115.
20. Lim, S.-J. et al., 2008. "Anaerobic organic acid production of food waste in once-a-day feeding and drawing-off bioreactor". Bioresource Technology, 99, pp. 7866- 7874.
Distefano, Thomas D. Belenky, L. G., 2009. Life-Cycle Analysis of Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Anaerobic Biodegradation of Municipal Solid Waste”. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 135 (11), p. 1097.