Ethanolysis of Calabash (Lageneria sinceraria) Seed Oil for the Production of Biodiesel
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 141-145
Received: Aug. 18, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 3, 2014; Published: Jan. 8, 2015
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Authors
Muhammad Mukhtar, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P. M. B, 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
Chika Muhammad, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P. M. B, 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
Musa Usman Dabai, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P. M. B, 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
Muhammad Mamuda, Sokoto Energy Research Centre, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P. M. B, 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
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Abstract
Biodiesel production from plant seed oil and animal fat is not a new technologies, though recently searching for alternative renewable sources of fuel is receiving much attention due to global energy demand and increase in environmental pollution. Currently biodiesel is largely produced from edible oil feedstock which may not be sustainable in the longer term due to its competition with food, thus lead to a search for not edible oil feedstock for the production of green fuel. In view of this, homogeneous transesterification of Lageneraria sinceraria seed oil has been carried out using NaOH catalyst at 65 ͦ C with ethanol which produced a good biodiesel yield of 78% with HHV of 36.34 (MJ/Kg), 0.02% low total water and sediment level, 0.80g/cm3 density, 0.82 g/cm3 specific gravity, 27.20 g/cm3 API gravity, 0.44 mg NaOH/g Acid number and 144oC Flash point. The ethyl ester biodiesel produced, therefore, promises to be a viable source of energy for future use.
Keywords
Ethyl Ester, Quality Parameters, HHV, Lageneraria Sinceraria, Seed Oil
To cite this article
Muhammad Mukhtar, Chika Muhammad, Musa Usman Dabai, Muhammad Mamuda, Ethanolysis of Calabash (Lageneria sinceraria) Seed Oil for the Production of Biodiesel, American Journal of Energy Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 141-145. doi: 10.11648/j.ajee.20140206.13
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