Study on Physical and Chemical Properties of Crop Residues Briquettes for Gasification
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 51-58
Received: Dec. 7, 2013;
Published: Feb. 28, 2014
Views 3310 Downloads 264
Khardiwar Mahadeo, Senior Research Associate, Anand Agricultural University, Muvaliya Farm, Dahod-389 151, Gujarat, India
Anil Kumar Dubey, CIAE, Principal Scientist, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal, India
Dilip Mahalle, Assistant Professor, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Dr. PDKV Akola-44104, Maharastra, India
Shailendra Kumar, Senior Research Associate, Anand Agricultural University, Muvaliya Farm, Dahod-389151
Follow on us
The selection of material was done on the basis of availability and need of the gasifier design. Moreover, agricultural production in the country is increasing day by day with the agricultural mechanization, providing tremendous volume of agricultural residue every year. The volatile matter of soybean briquette, pigeon pea briquette and mix briquette was found to be in the range of 77.07 - 79.14%. Highest volatile mater found in briquette of mix biomass. Regarding volatile matter content, soybean briquette, pigeon pea briquette and mix briquette materials include about 70% volatile probably due to their high moisture content. Taking into account both ash and volatile matter contents, soybean briquette, pigeon pea briquette and mix briquette seem to be the best material for pyrolysis and gasification. Bulk densities were in the range of 598-675 kg/m3. The bulk density was found more with pigeon pea briquette. Highest ash fusion temperature was found to be 1210 °C, with pigeon pea briquette. The ash fusion temperatures indicate clinker formation. The Calorific values were found to be in the range of 4107-4520, cal/kg. The soybean briquette has higher calorific value than other briquette. Crop residues briquette can be used effectively as energy fuel for gasifier.
Agricultural Crop Residues, Biomass, Biomass Briquette, Gasification, Physical Properties, Proximate Analysis, Pyrolysis
To cite this article
Anil Kumar Dubey,
Study on Physical and Chemical Properties of Crop Residues Briquettes for Gasification, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2014, pp. 51-58.
ASTM. Annual book of ASTM standards. Philadelphia: American society for testing of materials, 1983; p. 19103.
Akshay Urja (2008) Volume 2, Issue 4, 2008, an MNRE publication
Cuiping, L., Changzhi, W., Yanyongijie. and Haitao, H. (2004). Chemical elemental characteristics of biomass fuels in China, Biomass and Bioenergy, 27, pp. 119-130.
Dasappa S., H.S. Mukunda, P.J. Paul, and N.K.S. Rajan (2003) Biomass to Energy: The Science and Technology of the IISc Bioenergy systems Dept of Aerospace Engg, Indian Institute of Science, (155pp.), ABETS 2003.
Demirbas A. and Sahin A. 1998. "Evaluation of Biomass Residue 1. Briquetting Waste Paper and Wheat Straw Mixtures." Fuel Processing Technology. 55: 175-183.
Dara S.S., (1999) A practical handbook of Engineering Chemistry, 60-62.
Kalbande, S.R., M.M.Deshmukh, H.M. Wakudkar and G.wasu. 2010. Evaluation of gasifier based power generation system using different woody biomass. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 5(11), 82-88.
Mc Kendry, P. (2002). Energy production from biomass (part I): Overview of biomass. Bioresource Technology, 83, pp. 37-46.
Nordin A. (1994) Chemical elemental characteristics of biomass fuels. Biomass and Bioenergy, 6(5), pp. 339-347.
Savitri G ,Ubonwan C, Suthum P and Jittawadee D (2006) Physical and Chemical Properties of Thai Biomass Fuels from Agricultural Residues The 2nd Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment" C-048 (P)1- 23November 2006, Bangkok, Thailand.
Sheshagiri GS, Rajan NKS, Dasappa S, Paul PJ (2009) Agro residue mapping of India, Proceedings of the 17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition.
S. Sokhansanj and A.F.Turhollow, "biomass densification: cubing operation and cost for corn stover," applied engineering in agriculture, vol.20, no.4, pp 495-499, 2004.
Tayade, S.R. 2009. Evaluation of differentb briquette making for gasifier. Unpublished M.Tech. Thesis, PGI,Dr. PDKV, Akola.
Thailand Research Fund (2006). "Policy Research on Renewable Energy Promotion and Energy Efficiency Improvement in Thailand" Project – First Progress Report.
Pathak, B.S. 2006. Crop residues to energy.Enviroment and agriculture 2006: 854-869