Effects of Atmospheric Variables on the Performances of Parabolic Trough Concentrating Collector
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages: 23-26
Received: Dec. 8, 2013;
Published: Feb. 20, 2014
Views 3059 Downloads 193
Sadik Umar, Department of Physics, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aliero, Aliero, Nigeria
Umar Kangiwa Muhammad, Department of Physics, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aliero, Aliero, Nigeria
Muhammad Mahmoud Garba, Sokoto Energy Research Center, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto
Hassan N. Yahya, Sokoto Energy Research Center, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto
Follow on us
In recent years solar energy has been strongly promoted as a viable energy source. one of the most simplest and direct application of this energy is the conversion of solar radiation in to heat energy using a devices called sollar collectors .In order to enhance this conversion efficiency, important parameters that influence the system performances need to be evaluated. To achieve the state objectives, this paper investigates the effects of some meteorological variables (Wind Speed and Ambient Temperature) on the performance of parabolic trough collector. The results obtained show that wind speed is inversely proportional to the direct solar radiation and it has also shown that a maximum daily average wind speed of 1.39m/s was observed, when ambient temperature reach it lowest value. Furthermore, efficiency is highly correlated with wind speed and negatively correlated with ambient temperature.
Parabolic Trough Collector, Direct Solar Radiation, Efficiency, Wind speed, Ambient Temperature, Concentrating Collector
To cite this article
Umar Kangiwa Muhammad,
Muhammad Mahmoud Garba,
Hassan N. Yahya,
Effects of Atmospheric Variables on the Performances of Parabolic Trough Concentrating Collector, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2014, pp. 23-26.
J. Dascomb. (2009), "Low cost concentrating solar collector for steam generation". Unpublished Thesis Submitted for the ward of Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Florida State University. Retrieved on 6th may, 2011. From http://esc.fsc.edu/documents/Dascomb JThesis.pdf
J.F.M.Escobar, S. Vazquez, Y. Montiel, F. Granados-Agustin, Cruz-Martinez & E. Rodriquez-Rivere,(2011) "Building a parabolic solar concentrator prototype". Journal of Physics, Conference series 274 (2011). Retrieved on 5th August, 2011. From iopscience.iop.org/1742-6596/274/012104. Pdf.
G. Iordanou, (2009) "Flat Plate Solar Collectors for Water Heating with Improved Heat Transfer for Application in Climatic Conditions of the Mediterranean Region". PhD Thesis, Durham University. Available at durham E-theses online: http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/174/.Retrieved 0n 17thDecember,2010. (unpublished)
F. Joshua, (2009). "Design, construction and testing of parabolic solar steam generator". Leonardo Electronic Journal of practices and Technologies. Retrieved on 16thDecember, 2010 from http://lejptacademicdirect.org/A14/115-133.pdf
M. Kawira, R. Kinyua, & J.N. Kamau, (2010) ".Fabrication and characterization of a prototype parabolic trough solar concentrators for steam production", Retrieved on 18thjune, 2011.From http://elearning.jkuat.ac.ke/journals/ojs/index.php/sr.
A. Thomas, (1991). "Operation and performance of the solar steam generation system installed at government silk factory, mysore". Energy conversion management, Vol. 33 (3), Pp191-196.
Varun and S. K Singal, (2007), "Review of augmentation of energy needs using Renewable energy resources in india". Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 11:1607-15.
E.Zarza,(2005), "Medium Temperature Solar Concentrators". Solar energy Conversion and Photo energy system. Vol.1. Encyclopedia of support system (EOLSS).
E. Zarza, L. Valenzuela, J. Leon, K. Hennecke, M.Eck, D.H.Weyers, M. Eickhoff (2002), "Direct steam generation in parabolic troughs". Final result and conclusions of the DISS project. In. Steinfeld, A (eds) Book of proceedings of 11th Solarpaces international symposium on concentrated solar power and Chemical energy Technologies, held in Zurich (Suitzerland) September 4th-6th,2002. Paul Scherer institute, Villigen (Suiza), 2002, Pp 21-27 ISBN 3-9521409-3-7