An Evaluation of Wind Energy Potential in the Northern and Southern Regions of Nigeria on the Basis of Weibull and Rayleigh Models
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 3, July 2013, Pages: 37-42
Received: Aug. 19, 2013;
Published: Sep. 20, 2013
Views 2955 Downloads 198
Abdullahi Ahmed, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Nigeria
Adisa Ademola Bello, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
Dandakuta Habou, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
Follow on us
This paper presents an evaluation of wind energy potential in the northern and southern region of Nigeria on the basis of Weibull and Rayleigh models. The aim of this study is to know which of the locations in the regions would have more wind power density where wind energy conversion system (WECS) could be installed for electricity generation in Nigeria with excellent percentage of clean energy. From the analysis of the wind speed data collected from Nigeria meteorological station, Abuja at 10m height from years (1990 – 2006) the locations in northern region of Nigeria that were found quite viable for electricity generation are (Jos, Kano, Sokoto and Maiduguri) while for the southern region of Nigeria are (Lagos and Enugu). These locations were found to have wind power density above 100W/m2. The Weibull model was found to be more applicable in estimating the power density because it returns a lower percentage error than the Rayleigh model. Probability density function in the northern region has a peak value of 1.01795 and 0.2937 in Bauchi for both Weibull and Rayleigh respectively while for the southern region the probability density function has a peak value for Weibull as 0.8347 in Calabar and Rayleigh as 0.2341 in Rivers southern region of Nigeria.
Wind Energy Potential, Nigeria, Generation, Weibull, Rayleigh, Probability Density Function
To cite this article
Adisa Ademola Bello,
An Evaluation of Wind Energy Potential in the Northern and Southern Regions of Nigeria on the Basis of Weibull and Rayleigh Models, American Journal of Energy Engineering.
Vol. 1, No. 3,
2013, pp. 37-42.
Alsaad MK. Wind energy potential in selected areas in Jordan. Energy Conversion and Management 2013; 65:704 – 708.
Akinpar EK, Akinpar S. Statistical analysis of wind energy potential on the basis of the Weibull and Rayleigh distribution for Agin-Elazig, Turkey. Power and Energy 2004; 218: 557 – 565.
Ahmed Shata AS, Hanitsch R. Evaluation of wind energy potential and electricity generation on the coast of Mediterranean Sea Egypt. Renewable Energy 2006; 31:1183-202.
Ahmed Shata AS, Hanistsch R. The potential of electricity generation on the east coast of Red Sea in Egypt. Renewable Energy 2006; 31: 1597 – 625.
Celik AN. On the distributional parameters used in assessment of the suitability of wind speed probability density functions. Energy Conversion and Management 2004; 45: 1735 – 47.
Celik AN: A statistical analysis of wind power density based on the Weibull and Rayleigh Models at the southern region of Turkey. Renewable Energy 2004; 29:593 – 604.
Celik AN. Assessing the suitability of wind speed probability distribution functions based on the wind power density. Renewable Energy2003; 28:1563 -1574.
Ojosu JO, Salawu RI. A statistical analysis of wind energy potential for power generation in Nigeria. Journal of Solar Energy 1989; 8: 273 - 288.
Amina I, Nafi’u T, Bilyaminu A. Wind power: An untapped renewable energy resource in Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research 2012; 3: ISSN 2229 – 5518.
Oztopal A, Sahin AD, Akgun N, Sen Z: On the regional wind energy potential of Turkey. Energy 2000; 25: 189 – 200.
Sambo AS.T he renewable energy for rural development. The Nigerian perspective "ISESCO" Science and Technology vision May, 2005; 1:16 -18.
Salem AL. Characteristics of surface wind speed and direction over Egypt .Solar Energy for sustainable development 2004; 4: 491 – 499.
Ulgen K, Hepbasli A. Determination of Weibull parameter for wind energy analysis of Izmir, Turkey. International Journal of Energy Research 2002; 26:495 – 506.