Please enter verification code
Confirm
Annual Income Contribution of Wood Fuel Production from Small-scale Plantation Forest Experience from Farmers in Fagta Lekoma, Awi zone, Amhara, Ethiopia
Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 98-102
Received: Sep. 3, 2020; Accepted: Sep. 22, 2020; Published: Sep. 29, 2020
Views 82      Downloads 11
Author
Mitku Alemu Mengistu, Socio-economics, Policy, Gender and Extension Research, Bahir Dar Environment and Forest Research Centre, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study aims to examine the annual income contribution of wood fuel production from small - scale plantation forestry in Fagta Lekoma district of Amhara region, Ethiopia. Household surveys were conducted by following the snowball-sampling technique. The data analyzed by using STATA software and multiple linear regression model also employed to evaluate the contribution of wood fuel annual income from the total annual income of the households. About 9000 Ethiopian Birr (ETB) and (1 USD = 36.8 ETB) household income comes from charcoal selling which is the highest average annual income. The result of multiple linear regression analysis indicates that an increase in one unit (ETB) income from charcoal making leads to an increase in total annual income by 0.972 units (ETB). Annual income contribution of wood fuel production is the largest amount of income recorded followed by annual income from crop production. Plantation forestry plays a significant role not only economically but also by the provision of alternative livelihood options for households. Plantation forestry used as a means of soil reclamation as well as means of households’ income. Inaction and implementation of policies supporting plantation forestry sustain rural livelihood by increasing their adaptive potential for shock and stress by creating alternative means of livelihood.
Keywords
Households Livelihood Options, Small-scale Plantation Forest, Means of Household Income, Sustainable Development
To cite this article
Mitku Alemu Mengistu, Annual Income Contribution of Wood Fuel Production from Small-scale Plantation Forest Experience from Farmers in Fagta Lekoma, Awi zone, Amhara, Ethiopia, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 9, No. 3, 2020, pp. 98-102. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20200903.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Abiyu, A., Teketay, D., Gratzer, G., & Shete, M. (2016). Tree Planting by Smallholder Farmers in the Upper Catchment of Lake Tana Watershed, Northwest Ethiopia. Small-Scale Forestry, 15 (2), 199–212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-015-9317-7
[2]
Adimassu, Z., Kessler, A., & Hengsdijk, H. (2012). Exploring determinants of farmers’ investments in land management in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Applied Geography, 35 (1–2), 191–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2012.07.004
[3]
Aklilu, B. M., Bekele, L., Merkineh, M. M., & Barana. (2019). Is the expansion of Eucalyptus tree a curse or an opportunity? Implications from a dispute on the trees ecological and economic impact in Ethiopia: A review. Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment, 11 (6), 75–83. https://doi.org/10.5897/jene2019.0765
[4]
Ayana, A. N., & Lejissa, L. T. (2018). Comparative Economic Analysis of Three Competing Land Use Types in Southern Ethiopia : Tools for Informed Decision-Making on Land Use Choices. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 9 (1), 37–45.
[5]
Cuong, T., Chinh, T. T. Q., Zhang, Y., & Xie, Y. (2020). Economic performance of forest plantations in Vietnam: Eucalyptus, Acacia mangium, and Manglietia conifera. Forests, 11 (3). https://doi.org/10.3390/f11030284
[6]
FAO. (2009). Eucalyptus in east Africa: the socioeconomic and environmental issues. FAO Sub-Regional Office Eastern Africa, Addis Ababa, (March), 40.
[7]
Jenbere, D., Lemenih, M., & Kassa, H. (2012). Expansion of Eucalypt Farm Forestry and Its Determinants in Arsi Negelle District, South Central Ethiopia. Small-Scale Forestry, 11 (3), 389–405. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-011-9191-x
[8]
Kebede Gizachew. (2017). Expansion of Eucalypt Woodlot and Its Factors in Cheha District, Southern Ethiopia. In World Sscientific News (Vol. 66). Retrieved from www.worldscientificnews.com
[9]
Molla, A., & Linger, E. (2017). Effects of Acacia decurrens (Green wattle ) Tree on selected Soil Physico-chemical properties North- western Ethiopia. Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management, 6 (5) (May 2018), 095–103.
[10]
Oladeji, S. O., Ologunwa, O. P., & Tonkollie, B. T. (2018). Socio-economic Impact of Traditional Technology of Charcoal Production in Kpaai District-Bong County Liberia. Environmental Management and Sustainable Development, 7 (2), 86. https://doi.org/10.5296/emsd.v7i2.11770
[11]
Schirmer, J. (2007). Plantations and social conflict: exploring the differences between small-scale and large-scale plantation forestry. Small-Scale Forestry, 6 (1), 19–33. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-007-9001-7
[12]
Zulu, L. C., & Richardson, R. B. (2013). Charcoal, livelihoods, and poverty reduction: Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa. Energy for Sustainable Development, 17 (2), 127–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2012.07.007
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186