Feasibility of Powering All Vehicles with Electricity from Solar and Wind Energy
Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 127-136
Received: Sep. 16, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 11, 2019; Published: Oct. 21, 2019
Views 353      Downloads 99
Nathan Peraino, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, USA
Ardeshir Faghri, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, USA
Dian Yuan, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, USA
Yifan Wang, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, USA
Michael Vaughan, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, USA
Mingxin Li, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, USA
Article Tools
Follow on us
The effects of global climate change are beginning to exhibit notable impact across the world and within the next 20 years are predicted to worsen and have the potential to become irreversible. It is crucial that sustainable solutions are created and implemented before it is too late. A large part of the solution is the increased use of vehicles powered with renewably sourced electricity rather than fossil fuels. While this technology change is environmentally justified, its feasibility from a land use, economic, and grid integration standpoints must be assessed. This evaluation was performed by utilizing average characteristics of renewable energy technologies, analytic methods, and inferential analysis to determine if vehicles powered by electricity, created from solar panels and wind turbines, is currently feasible for both the United States (US) and the world. It is unfortunate that this proposed solution is only possible on a limited geographic basis since vast economic resources and infrastructure improvements are required to enable an integrated systems level approach of this nature. Overall, the outlook appears grim due to the impending global environmental and human health impacts; however, with a heightened sense of urgency, aggressive implementation program, and increased cooperation between parties with varied interests the effects of global climate change can be significantly reduced.
Electric Vehicles, Solar and Wind Energy, Energy Consumption, Sustainable Transportation
To cite this article
Nathan Peraino, Ardeshir Faghri, Dian Yuan, Yifan Wang, Michael Vaughan, Mingxin Li, Feasibility of Powering All Vehicles with Electricity from Solar and Wind Energy, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2019, pp. 127-136. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20190804.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
C. Davenport, "Major Climate Report Describes a Strong Risk of Crisis as Early as 2040," 7 Oct. 2018. [Online]. Available: www.nytimes.com/2018/10/07/climate/ipcc-climate-report-2040.html. [Accessed 21 Otc. 2018].
EPA, "Overview of Greenhouse Gases," 11 April 2018. [Online]. Available: www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/overview-greenhouse-gases.
N. L. Panwar, S. C. Kaushik and S. Kothari, "Role of renewable energy sources in environmental protection: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1513-1524, 2011.
A. Chehouri, R. Younes, A. Ilinca and J. Perron, "Review of performance optimization techniques applied to wind turbines," Applied Energy, vol. 142, pp. 361-388, 2015.
N. Kannan and D. Vakeesan, "Solar energy for future world:-A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 62, pp. 1092-1105, 2016.
E. Kabir, P. Kumar, S. Kumar, A. A. Adelodun and K. H. Kim, "Solar energy: Potential and future prospects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 82, pp. 894-900, 2018.
Q. Liu, "Electric car with solar and wind energy may change the environment and economy: A tool for utilizing the renewable energy resource," Earth's Future, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 7-13, 2014.
P. Del Río and P. Mir-Artigues, The economics and policy of solar photovoltaic generation, Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
R. S. Bharj, "Energy consumption of solar hybrid 48V operated mini mobile cold storage," in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2018.
EIA, "Energy Explained, Your Guide to Understanding Energy," 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained.
Energy Sage, "Smarter energy decisions," 22 Otc. 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.energysage.com.
SEIA, "U.S Solar Market Insight – The Q2 2019 Report," 2019. [Online].
S. Kurtz, I. Repins, W. K. Metzger, P. J. Verlinden, S. Huang, S. Bowden, I. Tappan, K. Emery, L. L. Kazmerski and D. Levi, "Historical analysis of champion photovoltaic module efficiencies," IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 363-372, 2018.
National Wind Watch, "FAQ - Output," 12 Nov. 2018. [Online]. Available: wind-watch.org/faq-output.php.
NREL, "Device Performance," 20 Oct. 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.nrel.gov/pv/device-performance.html.
R. Gaughan, "How Much Land Is Needed for Wind Turbines?," 10 May 2018. [Online]. Available: ciencing.com/much-land-needed-wind-turbines-12304634.html.
C. Campbell, S. Ong, P. Denholm, R. Margolis and G. Heath, "Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States," National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2013.
A. R. Milbrandt, D. M. Heimiller, A. D. Perry and C. B. Field, "Renewable energy potential on marginal lands in the United States," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 29, pp. 473-481, 2014.
J. Wirfs-Brock, "Lost in transmission: How much electricity disappears between a power plant and your plug," 6 November 2015. [Online]. Available: http://insideenergy.org/2015/11/06/lost-in-transmission-how-much-electricity-disappears-between-a-power-plant-and-your-plug/.
A. Brew-Hammond, "Energy access in Africa: Challenges," Energy Policy, vol. 38, pp. 2291-2301, 5 2010.
United Nations Environment Programme, "Renewable energy investment in 2018 hit USD 288.9 billion, far exceeding fossil fuel investment," 2019.
U. E. I. Administration, "U.S. Electric System Operating Data - Electricity," [Online]. Available: https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=27212. [Accessed 4 2018].
D. P. Birnie III, "Solar-to-vehicle (S2V) systems for powering commuters of the future," Journal of Power Sources, vol. 186, no. 2, pp. 539-542, 15 1 2009.
I. Penn and R. Menezes, "Californians are paying billions for power they don't need," Los Angles Times, 5 2 2017.
S. Roth, "California has too much solar power. That might be good for ratepayers," Los Angeles Times, 5 6 2019.
L. T. Alfred, In Memoriam A. H. H. OBIIT MDCCCXXXIII: 27 by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Chicago, IL: Poetry Foundation, 1900.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186