Glomalin-Related Soil Protein and Its Relationship with Organic Carbon and Nitrogen in Water-stable Aggregates in Abandoned Agricultural Lands
Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 37-44
Received: Feb. 27, 2019;
Published: Apr. 28, 2019
Views 135 Downloads 23
Zhao Xu, Soil Science Department, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Wuwei, China; Institute of Technical Biology & Agriculture Engineering, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, China; University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China
Wang Cuili, Soil Science Department, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Wuwei, China
Zhao Jing, No.2 Middle School of Wenxian County, Longnan, China
Hou Beibei, Soil Science Department, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Wuwei, China
Li Yanrong, Soil Science Department, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Wuwei, China
Qiu Xiaoqing, Soil Science Department, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Wuwei, China
Song Panpan, College of Food Sciences & Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, China
Wang Junqiang, Soil Science Department, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Wuwei, China; Institute of Ecology, China West Normal University, Nanchong, China
A large number of studies have shown that glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP) plays an important role in soil aggregate formation and soil carbon balance. However, to date, we lack understanding on the relationship between GRSP and water-stable aggregates (WSA) in abandoned agricultural lands of semi-arid region. We considered abandoned agricultural lands of different ages in Minqin Oasis as the research object. We discussed the changes of GRSP and the relationship between GRSP and WSA during land abandonment. The research results showed the following: the content of extractable glomalin-related soil protein (e-GRSP) and total glomalin-related soil protein (t-GRSP) is higher than that of traditional arable lands, and the content increases as the years of land abandonment increase. e-GRSP and t-GRSP contents are higher than the soil layer of 0–20 and 40–60 cm in terms of vertical section. The proportion ranges of e-GRSP and t-GRSP in soil total organic carbon (TOC) are 0.62%–2.0% and 1.97%–8.1% respectively in the abandoned agricultural lands. e-GRSP and t-GRSP also exhibit significant quadratic correlation with TOC (P<0.05). e-GRSP and t-GRSP have significant positive correlation with mean weight diameter (P<0.05). Significant and extremely significant positive correlations are observed between the e-GRSP and t-GRSP and the WSA with particle sizes between 0.25–1 and >2 mm and the organic carbon (OC) and nitrogen (N) existing in such sizes, respectively. In addition, significant and extremely significant negative correlation exist between the e-GRSP and t-GRSP and the clay and silt contents (<0.053 mm) and the OC and N in clay and silt. In general, land abandonment has raised the GRSP content. Moreover, the GRSP after land abandonment tends to promote large WSA formulation and organic matter enrichment in large aggregates. Organic matter accumulation in clay and silt was also inhibited. This phenomenon helps build a reasonable aggregate hierarchy and improve the stability of soil aggregates.
Glomalin-Related Soil Protein and Its Relationship with Organic Carbon and Nitrogen in Water-stable Aggregates in Abandoned Agricultural Lands, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources.
Vol. 8, No. 1,
2019, pp. 37-44.
Wright SF, Upadhyaya A, “A survey of soils for aggregate stability and glomalin, a glycoprotein produced by hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi”, Plant and Soil, vol. 198, pp. 97-107, 1998a.
Huang Y, Wang DW, Cai JL, Zheng WS, “Review of glomalin-related soil protein and its environmental function in the rhizosphere”, Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, vol. 35, pp. 232-236, 2011.
Rillig MC, Wright SF, Nichols KA, Schmidt WF, “Torn MS. Large contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to soil carbon pools in tropical forest soils”, Plant and Soil, vol. 233, pp. 167-177, 2001.
Wu QS, He XH, Zou YN, He KP, Sun YH, Cao MQ, “Spatial distribution of glomalin-related soil protein and its relationships with root mycorrhization, soil aggregates, carbohydrates, activity of protease and β-glucosidase in the rhizosphere of Citrus unshiu”, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 45, pp. 181-183, 2012.
Pimentel D, Harvey C, Resosudarmo P, Kurz KSD, Crist MMS, Fitton LSL, Saffouri R, Blair R, “Environmental and economic costs of soil erosion and conservation benefits”, Science, vol. 267, pp. 1117-1123, 1995.
Ortas I, Akpinar C., Lal R, “Long-term impacts of organic and inorganic fertilizers on carbon sequestration in aggregates of an entisol in Mediterranean Turkey”, Soil Science, vol. 178, pp. 12-23, 2013.
Rillig MC, Maestre FT, Lamit LJ, “Microsite differences in fungal hyphal length, glomalin, and soil aggregate stability in semiarid Mediterranean steppes”, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 35, pp. 1257-1260, 2003.
Sun DF, Dawson R, Li BG. 2006. Agricultural causes of desertification risk in Minqin, China. Journal of Environmental Management 79: 348-356.
Wang JQ, liu LC, Qiu XQ, Wei YJ, Li YR, Shi ZG, “Contents of soil organic carbon and nitrogen in water-stable aggregates in abandoned agricultural lands in an arid ecosystem of Northwest China”, Journal of Arid Land, vol. 8, pp. 350-363, 2016.
Puget P, Chenu C, Balesdent J, “Dynamics of soil organic matter associated with particle-size fractions of water-stable aggregates”, European Journal of Soil Science, vol. 51, pp. 595-605, 2000.
Six J, Elliott ET, Paustian K, Doran JW, “Aggregation and soil organic matter accumulation in cultivated and native grassland soils”, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 62, pp. 1367-1377, 1998.
Miwa A, Minamiya Y, Tsuzura H, Watanabe Y, Yagioka A, Kaneko N, “Changes in water stable aggregate and soil carbon accumulation in a no-tillage with weed mulch management site after conversion from conventional management practices”, Geoderma, vol. 221-222, pp. 50-60, 2014.
Manna M, Swarup A, Wanjari R, Mishra B, Shahi D, “Long-term fertilization, manure and liming effects on soil organic matter and crop yields”, Soil and Tillage Research, vol. 94, pp. 397-409, 2007.
Spohn M, Giani L, “Impacts of land use change on soil aggregation and aggregate stabilizing compounds as dependent on time”, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 43, pp. 1081-1088, 2011.
Yamashita T, Flessa H, John B, Helfrich M, Ludwig B, “Organic matter in density fractions of water-stable aggregates in silty soils: Effect of land use”, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 38, pp. 3222-3234, 2006.
Wright SF, Upadhyaya A, “Extraction of an abundant and unusual protein from soil and comparison with hyphal protein of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi”, Soil Science, vol. 161, pp. 575-586, 1996c.
Xie XL, Xu PY, Zhu HH, Yao Q, “Extraction conditions of glomalin-related soil protein”, Mycosystema, vol. 31, pp. 92-99 (in Chinese with English abstract), 2011.
Bremner J M. Nitrogen-total. In: Sparks D L, “Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 3. Chemical Methods”, Madison, WI: Soil Science Society of America, pp. 1085-1121, 1996.
Institute of Soil Science, “Chinese Academy of Sciences. Soils in China”, Beijing: Science Press, (in Chinese), 1978.
DuPont ST, Culman SW, Ferris H, Buckley DH, Glover JD, “No-tillage conversion of harvested perennial grassland to annual cropland reduces root biomass, decreases active carbon stocks, and impacts soil biota”, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 137, pp. 25-32, 2010.
Rillig MC, Wright SF, Allen MF, Field CB, “Rise in carbon dioxide changes soil structure”, Nature, no. 400, vol. 6745, pp. 628-628, 1999.
Wright SF, Franke-Snyder M, Morton JB, Upadhyaya A, “Time-course study and partial characterization of a protein on hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi during active colonization of roots”, Plant and Soil, vol. 181, pp. 193-203, 1996b.
Wang CY, Feng HY, Yang ZF, Xia XQ, Tao YU. “Glomalin-related soil protein distribution and its environmental affecting factors in the northeast inner mongolia”, Arid Zone Research, vol. 30, pp. 22-28, 2013.
Talbot JM, Allison SD, Treseder KK, “Decomposers in disguise: mycorrhizal fungi as regulators of soil c dynamics in ecosystems under global change”, Functional Ecology, pp. 22, vol. 955-963, 2008.
Zhong ZL, Wang WJ, Wang Q, Ren J, “Correlation between soil physicochemical properties and fungi-derived glomalin-related soil proteins in agricultural region of Songnen Plain”, Chinese Journal of Ecology, vol. 34, pp. 2274-2280, 2015.
Staddon PL, Ramsey CB, Ostle N, Ineson P, Fitter AH, “Rapid turnover of hyphae of mycorrhizal fungi determined by AMS microanalysis of 14C”, Science, vol. 300, pp. 1138-1140, 2003.
He XL, Chen C., He B, “Spatial distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and glomalin of Hippophae rhamnoides L in farming-pastoral zone from the two northern provinces of China”, Acta Ecologica Sinica, vol. 31, pp. 1653-1661, 2011.
Wright SF, Upadhyaya A, “Extraction of an abundant and unusual protein from soil and comparison with hyphal protein of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi”, Soil Science, vol. 161, pp. 575-586, 1996a.
Cheng L, Booker FL, Tu C, Burkey KO, Zhou L, Shew HD, Rufty TW, Hu S, “Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increase organic carbon decomposition under elevated CO2”, Science, vol. 337, pp. 1084-1087, 2012.
Rillig MC, Wright SF, Shaw MR, Field CB, “Artificial climate warming positively affects arbuscular mycorrhizae but decreases soil aggregate water stability in an annual grassland”, Oikos, vol. 97, pp. 52-58, 2002.
Liu XW, He XL, “The spatio-temporal distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of Oxytropis aciphylla rhizosphere in the area of Shapotou”, Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei, vol. 31, pp. 52-56+65, 2008.
Rillig MC, “Arbuscular mycorrhizae, glomalin, and soil aggregation”, Canadian Journal of Soil Science, vol. 84, pp. 355-363.
Beare MH, Hendrix PF, Coleman DC, “Water-stable aggregates and organic matter fractions in conventional and no-Tillage soils”, Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 58, pp. 777-786, 1994.
Feng G, Zhang YF, Li XL, “Effect of external hyphae of arbuscular mycorrhizal plant on water -stable aggregates in sandy soil”, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, vol. 15, pp. 99-102, 2001.
Simansky V, Bajcan D, “Stability of soil aggregates and their ability of carbon sequestration”, Soil and Water Research, vol. 9, pp. 111-118, 2014.
Zhu YG, Miller RM, “Carbon cycling by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soil-plant systems”, Trends in Plant Science, vol. 8, pp. 407-409, 2003.
Oades JM, Waters AG, “Aggregate hierarchy in soils”, Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 29, pp. 815-828, 1991.