Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Natural Dyes Extracted from Roselle (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) Flowers and Pawpaw (Carica Papaya) Leaves as Sensitizers
Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2016, Pages: 11-15
Received: Jan. 30, 2016; Accepted: Feb. 9, 2016; Published: Feb. 24, 2016
Views 4326      Downloads 148
Authors
Danladi Eli, Department of Physics, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Muhammad Ahmad, Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
Idodo Maxwell, Department of Physics, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Danladi Ezra, Department of Agricultural Science, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
Aungwa Francis, Department of Physics, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Sunday Sarki, Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were fabricated using natural dyes extracted from roselle flowers and carica papaya leaves extract as photosensitizers. The photovoltaic perfomance of the DSSCs were evaluated under 100 mAcm-2 light intensity. The roselle (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) extract sensitized solar cell gave a short circuit current density (Jsc) of 0.180 mAcm-2, an open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.470 V, a fill factor (FF) of 0.552, and an overall solar energy conversion efficiency (η) of 0.046%. Also, the pawpaw leaves extract sensitized cell gave a Jsc of 0.094 mAcm-2, Voc of 0.433 V, FF of 0.544 yielding a conversion efficiency of 0.022%. The cell sensitized by the roselle extract shows better sensitization, which was in agreement with the broadest spectrum of the extract adsorbed on TiO2 film. The sensitization performance related to interaction between the dye and TiO2 surface is discussed.
Keywords
DSSCs, Natural Dyes, Dye Extracts, Sensitization
To cite this article
Danladi Eli, Muhammad Ahmad, Idodo Maxwell, Danladi Ezra, Aungwa Francis, Sunday Sarki, Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Natural Dyes Extracted from Roselle (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) Flowers and Pawpaw (Carica Papaya) Leaves as Sensitizers, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016, pp. 11-15. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20160501.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Pagliaro, M., Palmmisano, G., and Ciriminna, R. (2000). Working Principles for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells and Future Applications. Photovoltaics International journal, third edition. third edition, 47-50.
[2]
Grätzel, M. and McEnvoy, A. J. (1994). Principles and Application of Dye Sensitized Nanocrystalline Solar Cells (DSC). Laboratory of Photonics and Interfaces in the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland.
[3]
O'Regan, B. and Grätzel, M. (1991). A low-cost, High-Efficiency Solar Cell Based on Dye-Sensitized Colloidal TiO2 Film. Nature 353, (6346): 737-740.
[4]
Nazerruddin, M. K; Kay, A.; Ridicio, I.; Humphry-Baker, R.; Mueller, E.; Liska, P.; Vlachopoulos, N. & Gratzel, M. (1993). J. Conversion of Light to Electricity on Nanocrystalline TiO2 Electrodes. Amer. Chem. Soc. Vol. 115, pp. 6382-6390.
[5]
Hernandez-Martinez, A. R., Estevez, M., Vargas, S., Quintanilla, F., and Rodriguez, R. (2011). New Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Obtained from Extracted Bracts of Bougainvillea Glabra and Spectabilis Betalain Pigments by Different Purification Processes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, 5565-5576.
[6]
Lai, W. H., Sub, Y. H., Teoh, L. G., and Hona, M. H. (2007). Commercial and Natural Dyes as Photosensitizers for a Water-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Loaded with Gold Nanoparticles. Journal of Materials Sciences and Applications, 195, 307–313.
[7]
G. Calogero and G. D. Marco, “Red Sicilian Orange and Purple Eggplant Fruits as Natural Sensitizers for Dye- Sensitized Solar Cells,” Solar Energy Material Solar Cell, Vol. 92, No. 11, 2008, pp. 1341-1346.
[8]
M. Gratzel, “Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell,” Journal of Pho- tochemistry & Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2003, pp. 145-153.
[9]
K. Tennakone, G. R. R. A. Kumara, A. R. Kumarasinghe, P. M. Sirimanne and K. G. U. Wijayantha, “Efficient Pho- tosensitization of Nanocrystalline TiO2 Films by Tannins and Related Phenolic Substances,” Journal of Photo- chemistry & Photobiology A: Chemistry, Vol. 94, No. 2-3, 1996, pp. 217-220.
[10]
D. Zhang, S. M. Lanier, J. A. Downing, J. L. Avent, J. Lumc and J. L. McHale, “Betalain Pigments for Dye- Sensitized Solar Cells,” Journal of Photochemistry Photo- biology A: Chemistry, Vol. 195, No. 1, 2008, pp. 72-80.
[11]
M. Rossetto, P. Vanzani, F. Mattivi, M. Lunelli, M. Scarpa and A. Rigo, “Synergistic Antioxidant Effect of Catechin and Malvidin 3-Glucoside on Free Radical-Ini- tiated Peroxidation of Linoleic Acid in Micelles,” Ar- chives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 408, No. 2, 2002, pp. 239-245.
[12]
T. Frank, J. Clin. Pharmacol. 45 (2005) 203.
[13]
N. Terahara, N. Saito, T. Honda, K. Tokis, Y. Osajima, Phytochemistry 29 (1990) 949.
[14]
Oday A. Hammadi, Noor I. Naji, Effect of Acidic Environment on the Spectral Properties of Hibiscus sabdariffa Organic Dye used in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, iraqi journal of applied physics, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2014, pp 27-31.
[15]
D. Gross, “Papaya: A Tantalising Taste of the Tropics. Maricopa County Master Gardener Volunteer information, University of Arizona CooperativeExtension,”2003. www.papayamaricopa-hort@ag.arizo.edu.
[16]
Barness Chirazo Mphande, and Alexander Pogrebnoi, Outdoor Photoelectrochemical Characterization of Dyes from Acalypha wilkesiana ‘Haleakala’ and Hibiscus sabdariffa as Dye Solar Cells Sensitizers. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology 7(2): 195-204, 2015.
[17]
K. Vinodgopal, X. Hua, R. L. Dalgren, A. G. Lappin, L. K. Patterson, P. V. Kamat, J. Phys. Chem. 99 (1995) 10883.
[18]
K. Wongcharee, V. Meeyoo and S. Chavadej, “Dye-Sen- sitized Solar Cell Using Natural Dyes Extracted from Rosella and Blue Pea Flowers,” Solar Energy Material Solar Cells, Vol. 91, No. 7, 2007, pp. 566-571.
[19]
K. Sayama, S. Tsukagoshi, T. Mori, K. Hara, Y. Ohga, A. Shipou, Y. Abe, S. Suga, H. Arakawa, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 80 (2003) 47.
[20]
Ahmed TO, Akusu PO, Alu N, Abdullahi MB. Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) based on titania nanoparticles and hibiscus sabdariffa. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2013; 3(4): 840-846.
[21]
M. Isah Kimpa, M. Momoh, K. Uthman Isah, H. Nawawi Yahya and M. Muhammed Ndamitso, "Photoelectric Characterization of Dye Sensitized Solar Cells Using Natural Dye from Pawpaw Leaf and Flame Tree Flower as Sensitizers," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 3 No. 5, 2012, pp. 281-286. doi: 10.4236/msa.2012.35041.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186