Environment Education and Sustainable Development Initiatives in Jamaica
Journal of Energy and Natural Resources
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2013, Pages: 41-55
Received: Jan. 6, 2014; Published: Feb. 20, 2014
Views 2991      Downloads 139
Author
Santosh Kumar Mishra, Department of Continuing and Adult Education and Extension Work, S. N. D. T. Women's University, Maharashtra, India
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
Education for sustainable development (ESD) is a concept that goes far beyond environmental education. It is the educational process of achieving human development (which envisages three pillars of human development: “economic growth”, “social development”, and “environmental protection”) in an inclusive, equitable and secure manner. It, thus, includes education for: poverty alleviation, human rights, gender equality, cultural diversity, international understanding, peace, etc. The concept of putting environmentally sustainable development into practice involves challenges that are as diverse as the make-up of population. Sustainable development ultimately depends on enhancing people’s capacities as individuals and groups to improve their own lives and to take greater control over their own destinies. Education is contended to be a critical tool for achieving sustainable development. The major environmental problems in Jamaica involve water quality and waste disposal. Further, about 680 plant species are also threatened. Endangered species in Jamaica include the tundra peregrine falcon, swallowtail butterfly, green sea turtle, hawksbill turtle, and American crocodile. This paper proposes a framework for conceptualizing, planning for and implementing an education agenda for sustainable development within the Jamaican context. The paper concludes that Jamaica will continue to achieve its goals in adopting the right approach for the ongoing interdependence of the environment and the economy in the 21st century and beyond. The Jamaican Government seeks to stimulate “economic re-growth” and stimulate the minds of people to create an interest in exploring solutions to environmental issues.
Keywords
Education for Sustainable Development, Environment, Initiatives, Jamaica, Endangered Species, Framework, Strategic Issues
To cite this article
Santosh Kumar Mishra, Environment Education and Sustainable Development Initiatives in Jamaica, Journal of Energy and Natural Resources. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 41-55. doi: 10.11648/j.jenr.20130206.11
References
[1]
Clarke S. (2005) "Tertiary Education in a Changing World" in R. Holding and O. Burke" (Eds.), Revisiting Tertiary Education Policy in Jamaica: Towards Personal Gain or Public Good? Ian Randle Publishers, Kingston.
[2]
Dalal-Clayton, B. and Bass S. (2000). "National Strategies for Sustainable Development: The Challenge Ahead", International Institute for Environment and Development, UK.
[3]
Garitty, M. Picard, L (eds.) (1996). "Policy Reform for Sustainable Development in the Caribbean", IOS Press, Amsterdam.
[4]
The Government of Jamaica and the government of the United Kingdom (2002). "Jamaica 2015", Cabinet Office and the Planning Institute of Jamaica, Kingston.
[5]
Hopkins C. and McKeon R. (2000). "Education for Sustainable Development: An International Perspective" in D. Tilbury, R, Stevenson, J. Fein and D. Schreuder (eds.) Education and Sustainability: Responding to the Global Challenge, International union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland.
[6]
Longworth, N. (1999). "Making Lifelong Learning work: Learning Cities for a Learning Century", Sterling: Kogan.
[7]
Munroe T. (1999). "Renewing Democracy into the Millennium", the Press University of the West Indies, Kingston.
[8]
Shaeffer, S. (1994). "Participation for Educational Change: A Synthesis of Experience", UNESCO, Paris.
[9]
Social Development Commission (1998). "Social Development Commission Corporate Plan 1998-1999", Social Development Commission.
[10]
Stevenson R. (2002). "Education and Sustainable Development: Perspectives and Possibilities" in D. Tilbury, R, Stevenson, J. Fein and D. Schreuder (eds.) Education and Sustainability: Responding to the Global Challenge, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland.
[11]
The Commonwealth Foundation and the Association of Development Agencies (1999). "Citizens and Governance: Civil Society in the New Millennium", Kingston.
[12]
Tilbury, D. Stevenson, R. Fein, J, Schreuder, D. (eds.) (2002). "Education and Sustainability Responding to the Global Challenge", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland.
[13]
United Nations Development Programme, (2000). "Jamaica Human Development Report", Planning Institute of Jamaica, Kingston.
[14]
http://pcf4.dec.uwi.edu/viewpaper.php?id=306&print=1, Accessed on January 4, 2014.
[15]
http://www.nrca.org/neecwebsite/actionplan/planbook/tableofcontents.htm, Accessed on January 4, 2014.
[16]
http://www.unep.org/training/programmes/undesd.asp, Accessed on January 4, 2014.
[17]
http://www.envirolink.org/resource.html?catid=4&itemid=630921160885, Accessed on January 4, 2014.
[18]
http://www.dogoodjamaica.org/organizations/environmental_foundation_of_jamaica, Accessed on January 4, 2014.
[19]
Ministry of Land and Environment (June, 2002). "Jamaica National Report", Ministry of Land and Environment Kingston, Jamaica.
[20]
http://www.cfa-international.org/NGO%20directory/DFA-498.htm, accessed on January 9, 2014.
[21]
http://www.carisnet.org/en/node/19, accessed on January 9, 2014.
[22]
National Environmental Education Committee (NEEC) (2010). "A National Environmental Education action Plan for sustainable Development (1998-2010)", National Environmental Education Committee (NEEC), Jamaica.
[23]
Barrett, Shermaine (2006). "Education for Sustainable Development: A Framework for Jamaica", Education Division, Faculty of Education and Liberal Studies, University of Technology, Jamaica.
[24]
Knowledge Management Branch of Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM)/United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) (June, 2003). "Governance World Watch", New York, NY, USA.
[25]
United Nations Publication (2007). "Participatory Dialogue: Towards a Stable, Safe and Just Society for All", United Nations Publication, New York, NY, USA.
[26]
End Decade Assessment of World Summit for Children Goals (November, 2010). "End Decade Assessment of World Summit for Children Year 2000 Goals National Report", End Decade Assessment of World Summit for Children Goals, Jamaica.
[27]
UNSESCO (October, 2006). "Education for Sustainable Development Toolkit", Section for Education for Sustainable Development (ED/UNP/ESD), UNSESCO, Paris, France.
[28]
Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Environmental Policy, (October, 2013). "The Environment for Europe mid-term review of the Astana Conference main outcomes: main findings of the review", Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Environmental Policy, Geneva, Switzerland.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186