Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2014, Pages: 10-16
Received: Feb. 14, 2014;
Published: Mar. 30, 2014
Views 4296 Downloads 179
S. Z. K. M. Shamsad, Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Kazi Zahidul Islam, Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Muhammad Sher Mahmud, Department of Soil Science, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
A. Hakim, Department of Soil Science, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Some important characteristics of water quality of Gorai river system were evaluated for use in domestic, industrial, agriculture, recreation and aquaculture purposes. Twenty three water samples were collected both in the post monsoon period (November) and in the pre monsoon (May) period. The study revealed that most physical parameters and inorganic elements are not a serious problem for Gorai river system under decreased Ganges flow. A trend of organic and NO3 pollution in some downstream areas of higher anthropogenic activities were observed. The water of Gorai river system is fairly rich with N, P and S probably due to urban run-off and livestock activities. No heavy metal toxicity was recorded. The Ca content was high in water samples representing Ganges calcareous floodplain.
S. Z. K. M. Shamsad,
Kazi Zahidul Islam,
Muhammad Sher Mahmud,
Surface Water Quality of Gorai River of Bangladesh, Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2014, pp. 10-16.
BUP (Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad), Resources, Environment and Development in Bangladesh with particular References to the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Basin. Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad (BUP). Academic publishers, Dhaka- 1994, pp. 1-79.
BWDB (Bangladesh Water Development Board), Environmental and Social Impact Assessment of Gorai River Restoration Project. Main Report. Environmental and GIS Support Project for Water Sector Planning. Ministry of Water Resources, GOB, Dhaka-2001, pp. 1-185.
Ecofile, Periodical on Life and nature. Vol. 3&4. Unnayan Shamannay, Dhaka-2003, pp. 9-39
A.A. Rahman, S. Huq, G.R. Conway, Environmental Aspect of Surface Water system of Bangladesh. The University Press Limited, Dhaka-2000, pp. 7-265.
S.Z.K.M. Shamsad, Mohammad Saiful Islam, Muhammad Qumrul Hassan, Ground water quality and hydrochemistry of Kushtia district, Bangladesh. J. Asiat. Soc. Bangladesh-1999, Sci. 25 (1): 1- 11.
R.L. Doanhue, R.W. Miller, J.C. Shickluna, Soils: An Introduction to Soils and Plant Growth. 5th ed., Prentice-Hall of India (pvt.) Ltd. New Delhi-1999, pp. 450-465.
S.E. Manahan, Environmental Chemistry. CRL Press Inc. Boca Raton, USA-1994, pp.179-200
H.S. Peavy, D.R. Rowe, G.. Tchobanoglous, Environmental Engineering. McGraw Hill, New York-1985, pp. 14-56.
P. K. Gupta, Methods in Environmental Analysis: water, Soil and Air. Agrobios (India), Jodhpur-2000, pp. 5-76.
J.L. Hatfield, D.L. Karlen, Sustainable Agricultural Systems. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, Florida. USA-1994, pp. 21-46.
S.O. Ryding, W. Rast, The Control of Eutrophication of Lake and Reservoirs. Man and the Biosphere Series Vol. 1. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Parthenon, Carnfoth, Lancashire-1989, pp. 3-314.
M.S. Islam, M.Q. Hasan, S.Z.K.M. Shamsad, Quality of irrigation water in the Kushtia District of Bangladesh. J. Biol. Sci.-1998, 7 (2): 129-138.
V.E. Hansen, O.W. Israelsen, G.E. Stringham, Irrigation: Principles and Practices. 4th ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York-1980, pp. 1-5.
M.Q. Hassan, M.S. Islam, Hydrogeo-environmental Impact on Kushtia District, Bangladesh: A Study on Pre- and Post-Farakka Conditions. In: Proc of the Workshop on Groundwater and Environment, BGS-Goethe Institute, Dhaka-1997, pp. 84-93.
G. R. Chhatwal, M. C. Mehra, M. Sataka, T. Katyal, M. Katyal, T. Nagahiro, Encyclopidia of environmental pollution and its control. Vol. II, water pollution. Anmol Publications. New Delhi-1992, pp. 70-254.
A.L. Page, R.H. Miller, D.R. Keeney, Methods of Soil Analysis (ed.), Part 2. Am. Soc. Agron. Soil Sci. Am. Madison, Wis. USA-1982, pp. 159-446.
M.L. Jackson, Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentice Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. USA-1967, pp. 227-261.
M.L. Davis, D.A. Cornwell, Introduction to Environmental Engineering. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill, Boston, USA-1998, pp. 284-289.
DOE (Department of Environment), Bangladesh Gazette, No. DA-1; Department of Environment. Ministry of Environment and Forest-1997, pp. 1324-1327.
UCCC, Guidelines for Interpretations of water Quality for Irrigation. Technical Bulletin, University of California Committee of Consultants, California, U.S.A-1974, pp. 20-28.
A.M. Michael, Irrigation Theory and Practices. Vikash Publishing House Ltd., New Delhi-1992, p. 740.
L.V. Wilcox, Classification and Use of Irrigation Waters. United States Department of Agriculture. Circ. 969, Wasington, D.C.- 1955, p. 19.
N.C. Brady, R.R. Well, The Nature and Properties of Soils. 13th ed. Pearson Education, Inc. New Delhi, India-2002, pp. 261-269.
R.D. Misra, M. Ahmed, Manual of Irrigation Agronomy, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi-1987, pp. 248-271.
L.A. Richards, Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils, U.S. Department of Agriculture Handbook, Vol. 60, Washington, D.C.- 1954, p. 160.
D.K. Todd, Ground Water Hydorlogy. 2nded., John Wiley and Sons Inc.New York-1980, pp. 10-138.
R. S. Ayers, D. W. Westcot, Water Quality for Agriculture. Irrigation and Drainage. Paper No. 29. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome-1985, pp. 1-117.
BWPCB (Bangladesh Water Pollution Control Board), Bangladesh Drinking Water Standard. Bangladesh Water Pollution Control Board, GOB, Dhaka-1976.