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Groundwater Simulation System Study on Physical and Climatic properties on Kuwait Group Aquifer
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 1, Issue 5, October 2013, Pages: 258-272
Published: Oct. 30, 2013
Views 3109      Downloads 178
Author
AlAli, Emad Hussain, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, FRD/AAD, P.O.Box 24885 Safat 13109, Kuwait
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Abstract
In Kuwait natural resources of fresh water are very limited. Kuwait is situated in an arid coastal region characterized by high temperatures, low humidity, sparse precipitation rates, and high evaporation and evapotranspiration rates with no rivers or lakes. Therefore, Kuwait has always relied on other sources to secure freshwater to meet its growing demands. The aim of this study was to design a conceptual system to provide a sustainable water source at a feasible cost. The conceptual design system was developed to address the problem of water scarcity and sustainability in general, and specifically to represent the Kuwaiti water quality and quantity limitation problem.The conceptual design system consists primarily of utilizing brackish groundwater in conjunction with treated wastewater augmentation and a reverse osmosis unit for plant production, the simulation was chosen to represent the quasi-Kuwaiti environment data.The study considered two types of simulation models for the conceptual design system approach. These models are the lump model approach and the areal distribution model approach. The lump model approach was carried out through the construction of a simplified model approach utilizing the Visual Basic model. On the other hand, the areal distribution model approach was carried out through the utilization of the Visual MODFLOW and MT3D simulation model approach. This paper present a part of the study that directed to test the physical and climatic performance, and the durability of the conceptual design system, Visual basic, lump, model simulation approach was simulated for different ranges of hydrologic, hydrogeologic, and climatic parameters to determine the total power and treated wastewater consumption. From the performance test results, the increase in evapotranspiration had the highest increase effect on the system total power consumption per unit area and the highest increase effect on the treated wastewater consumption per unit area. On the other hand, the increase in the aquifer porosity had the least increase effect on both the total power consumption and the treated wastewater consumption by the system. In contrast, the hydraulic conductivity increase had no direct effect on either the total power consumption or on the treated wastewater consumption per unit area.
Keywords
Groundwater, Groundwater Model, Treated Wastewater Injection, Reverse Osmosis, Evapotranspiration, Porosity, Hydraulic Conductivity, Water Head Table, Groundwater Salt Concentration
To cite this article
AlAli, Emad Hussain, Groundwater Simulation System Study on Physical and Climatic properties on Kuwait Group Aquifer, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 1, No. 5, 2013, pp. 258-272. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20130105.21
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