Please enter verification code
Trend of Arsenic Exposure through the Food-Chain in Bangladesh for the Past Two Decades
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 3-1, June 2015, Pages: 43-49
Received: Apr. 3, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 4, 2015; Published: Apr. 15, 2015
Views 4646      Downloads 132
M. Khaliquzzaman, Environment Team, World Bank Office, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Large scale use of groundwater for irrigation which is often Arsenic laden, during past two decades, has given rise to the apprehension that this may be resulting in higher Arsenic intake through the food chain. This work was undertaken to determine the trend of average Arsenic exposure of the population in Bangladesh during the period 1990-2010. Based on available data on individual food items, an average estimate of the level of both total and inorganic Arsenic intakes through food chain in Bangladesh have been made using the market basket approach; which is a widely used protocol for such work. The results have been discussed in the light of available information in literature. The results obtained show no significant change in the average intake of inorganic Arsenic during the period. The level of total Arsenic exposure does not also show statistically significant increase in uptake during the study period. Consequently, it is concluded that no restriction is needed on the use of groundwater in irrigation from Arsenic exposure risk consideration of the population. Now that there is no WHO recommended tolerable limit for intake of Arsenic, nationally acceptable limits have to be determined probably by considering cost-benefit analysis.
Groundwater, Total Arsenic, Inorganic Arsenic, Food-chain, Market Basket
To cite this article
M. Khaliquzzaman, Trend of Arsenic Exposure through the Food-Chain in Bangladesh for the Past Two Decades, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Special Issue: Ground Water Arsenic Contamination and Action Plan for Mitigation. Vol. 3, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 43-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.s.2015030301.15
JECFA(2010 ): Summary and conclusions of 72nd meeting of Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) on Food Additives (2010).
ANZFA, 2010: Australia -New Zealand Food Authority Report (2010)
ATSDR(2000): Arsenic Toxicity Course: SS3060, Revision date 2000, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Health Education and Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
USFDA(2010): Total Diet Study Statistics on Element Results Market Baskets; U.S. Food and Drug Administration December 14, 2010
INPPAZ (2002): Latin American Total Diet Study Workshop Report (2002), Pan American Institute for Food Safety and Zoonosis, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
A. H. Milton, G. Ranmuthugala, W. Smith, R. M. Douglas, J. Ng, M. Sim, An Intervention Trial to Assess the Contribution of Food Chain to Total Arsenic
Exposure, 2002) ( health/Arsenic_Abstract_ANU_2.pdf )
M. Khaliquzzaman and A. H. Khan, Arsenic Exposure of Bangladesh Population through Food Chain, Report prepared for SEARO WHO, Delhi (2003) (URL: )
S.M. Imamul Huq, Ray Correll, Ravi Naidu, J.C. Joardar, Marzia B.Abdulalh and Umme K.Shila, ARSENIC IN FOOD CHAIN: REMEDIAL POSSIBILITIES. (
Huq SM, Joardar JC, Parvin S, Correll R, Naidu R., Arsenic contamination in food-chain: transfer of arsenic into food materials through groundwater irrigation. J. Health Popul Nutr. 2006 Sep;24(3):305-16.
JECFA(2011) Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives : Safety evaluation of certain contaminants in food Prepared by the Seventy-second meeting , 2011(WHO Food Additives Series: 63)
T. Uchino, T. Roychowdhury, M. Ando, H. Tokunaga, Intake of arsenic from water, food composites and excretion through urine, hair from a studied population in West Bengal, India Food and Chemical Toxicology 44 (2006) 455–461.
FSANZ (2011): THE 23RD AUSTRALIAN TOTAL DIET STUDY by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ), 2011
A.H. Khan, S. A. Tarafdar, M. Ali, S. K. Biswas,S. Akhter, D. K. Saha, A. Islam, M. Billah, D.A. Hadi, F. B. A. Maroof, The Status of Trace and Minor Elements in Some Bangladesh Foodstuffs, J. Radianal. Nucl. Chem 134(1989) 367-391.
H. Hironaka. ,S. A. Ahmed, Arsenic Concentration of Rice in Bangladesh: ( ).
J. M. Duxbury, A. B .Mayer, J.G. Lauren, N. Hassan, J. Env. Sci. Health, 38A(2003) 61-69.
L, J. Yost, R. A. Schoof and R. Aucoin (1998), Intake of Inorganic Arsenic in the North American Diet. Human Ecol Risk Assess, 4: 137-152.
R. Naidu, Geogenic Arsenic and associated toxicity problems in the groundwater-soil-plant-animal-human continuum, Expert Group Meeting on Arsenic, Nutrition and Food Chain (2001), Pub: UNICEF, Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka
R. W. Dabeka , A. D. McKenzie, G. M. A. Lacroix, C. Cleroux , S. Bowe, R. A. Graham and H. B. S. Conacher (1993), Survey of Arsenic in Total Diet Food Composites and Estimation of the Dietary Intake of Arsenic by Canadian Adults and Children. J AOAC Int, 76: 14-25.
BBS(2013): Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Household Expenditure Survey 2010, BBS, 2013.
BBS(1998): Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Household Expenditure Survey 1995-96, BBS, 1998, p. 46.
WHO (1987): Environmental Health Criteria 70
M. A. Rahman et al. (2008): Arsenic accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.): human exposure through food chain. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 69(2):317–324.
P. N. Williams et al. (2005). Variation in arsenic speciation and concentration in paddy rice related to dietary exposure. Environmental Science & Technology, 39(15):5531–5540.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186