Monitoring and Impact Evaluation System for Arsenic Mitigation Interventions - Arsenic Contamination Areas of Pakistan
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 3-1, June 2015, Pages: 67-78
Received: Mar. 27, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 29, 2015; Published: May 5, 2015
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Authors
Islam-ul-Haque , Eco-Logical Sustainability Through Environment Protection Services (Eco-STEPS), Inc, Islamabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Nasir, Plan Pakistan International, Islamabad, Pakistan
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Abstract
Drinking water arsenic contamination has emerged as a big nuisance to public health and approximately 137 million people around the world consume arsenic contaminated water, exceeding the WHO threshold of 10 μg/L. In Pakistan context, various arsenic mitigation initiatives were undertaken by different NGOs and government departments which were confined to one time measure and resultantly turned to be un-sustainable. Continuous surveillance of drinking water sources is crucial for the well being of humans for which systemised procedures for regular monitoring of the arsenic contaminated water sources has been evolved. Identifications of contaminated water sources for random and blanket arsenic testing surveys will make the monitoring & evaluation process more reliable and prudent. Grid system approach for taking water samples has been discussed and evolved which yield meaningful results. For field test validation, 10% of water samples are recommended to be tested in the laboratory by using atomic absorption spectrometer (ASS). Well thought out institutional arrangements / linkages have been evolved for achieving government buying which is necessary to make the monitoring and evaluation process sustainable. Though, the donors and NGOs have played an important role in addressing the arsenic contamination issues in many countries, including in Pakistan, yet the ultimate ownership for the success of interventions lies with the government and its line departments.
Keywords
Arsenic Testing Kits, Monitoring & Impact Evaluation, Water Samples
To cite this article
Islam-ul-Haque , Muhammad Nasir, Monitoring and Impact Evaluation System for Arsenic Mitigation Interventions - Arsenic Contamination Areas of Pakistan, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Special Issue: Ground Water Arsenic Contamination and Action Plan for Mitigation. Vol. 3, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 67-78. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.s.2015030301.18
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