Research on Ecological Environment Stress Effect of the Urbanization Process in Xianning, Hubei Province, China
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 357-363
Received: Dec. 1, 2015; Published: Dec. 1, 2015
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Author
Tian Lixue, School of Geography Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China
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Abstract
With the rapid development of urban economy and the rapid increase of city population, the ecological environment stress effect of the urbanization process is increasingly prominent. The article is based on 2007-2012 statistical yearbook of Xianning City, Hubei Province, China, and two subsystems of urbanization development and ecological environment are estabilished respectively. The principal components analysis (PAC) is taken to determine the comprehensive level of both systems, and to determine the relative changes during these years by comparing the comprehensive level of them. Regression analysis method is used to calculate the related indices between urbanization rate and ecological environment, such as discharge amount of sewage, production of solid wasted and amount of exhaust emission, and to explore the urbanization concrete stress effect on the ecological environment, namely the concrete stress effect of urbanization development on the water environment, soil environment and atmospheric environment. Results show that there is linear correlation between urbanization rate and ecological environment. The increase of urbanization rate brings seriously negative impact on ecological environment. And based on this, the article makes some scientific suggestions for the coordinate development between urbanization process and ecological environment.
Keywords
Xianning City, Urbanization, Ecological Environment, Stress Effect
To cite this article
Tian Lixue, Research on Ecological Environment Stress Effect of the Urbanization Process in Xianning, Hubei Province, China, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 357-363. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150305.28
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