Municipal Solid Waste Quantity, Composition and Current Management Practices in Gilgit City, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 282-287
Received: Sep. 29, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 11, 2015;
Published: Oct. 28, 2015
Views 4297 Downloads 95
Farasat Ali, World Wide Fund (WWF)-Pakistan, NLI (Northern Light Infantry) Colony Jutial Gilgit, Pakistan
Yawar Abbas, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Attarad Ali, Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Qasim Khan, Department of Environmental Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Nawazish Ali, Department of Agriculture and Food Technology, Karakoram International University, Gilgit, Pakistan
Rizwan Karim, Department of Forestry and Range Management, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Jarrar Hussain, Environmental Protection Agency Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Islamuddin , Rescue 1122 Gilgit, Pakistan
Follow on us
Gilgit city with an area of around 10 sq. kilometers and an estimated population of about 65,845.6 people is most rapidly growing urban settlement of the province. This city generates about 42.5 tonne of waste per day and Municipal Committee Gilgit (MCG) is the authority responsible to manage this waste. The present annual budget of Municipal committee is around Rs. 1,8900000 (USD 189, 000). Equipments and machineries available for waste collection and transportation include 4 tractor trolleys, 200 Dustbins (installed), Dumpsters 15, Beats 7, Mazda 1 and, 25 wheel barrows. Waste is picked up manually using handcarts, baskets and polythene bags. Irregular and uncontrolled sweeping, confined to commercial zones, together with refuse generated from the household and commercial areas i.e. indiscriminately thrown on the roadsides. Tractor trolleys are used to collect and transport waste out of the city. There is no proper disposal method for the generated waste and is dumped on land within the city along Gilgit River (Indus River) bank. Major sources of waste in Gilgit city include, Household waste 40%, Commercial establishment (e.g. shops and hotels, offices) 60%. This generated waste is comprised of organic waste (e.g. food waste) 70-80% Inorganic waste (e.g. plastic, glass and metals) 20 - 30%.
Solid Waste Management (SWM), Municipal Committee Gilgit (MCG), Budget, Organic Waste, Disposal
To cite this article
Municipal Solid Waste Quantity, Composition and Current Management Practices in Gilgit City, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 3, No. 5,
2015, pp. 282-287.
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Amber, I., Kulla, M.D., and Gukop, N. (2012). Municipal Waste in Nigeria Generation, Characteristics and Energy Potential of Solid, journal of Asian journal of engineering, sciences and technology, vol (2).
Bai, R., & Sutanto, M. (2002).The practice and challenges of solid waste management in Singapore. Journal of Waste Management, vol (22), pp 557–567.
Chandrappa, R. & Das, D. B. (2012).Waste Quantities and Characteristics. Solid Waste Management. Environmental Science and Engineering, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-28681-0_2.
Bureau of Waste Prevention, Reuse and Recycling (2000). Characterization of New York City Waste Stream. Retrieved on September 10, 2015 from http://www.nyc.gov/html/nycwasteless/downloads/pdf/wp-reports/wprr06.pdf.
Centre for Sustainable Systems & University of Michigan (2012). Municipal Solid Waste Factsheet. Pub. No. CSS04-15. Retrieved on September 8, 2014 from http://css.snre.umich.edu/css_doc/CSS04-15.pdf.
Dara, S.S. (1997). Environmental Chemistry and Pollution Control (chapter-4). New Delhi: S. Chand and Company ltd.
Daskalopoulos, E., Badr, O., Propert, D. S. (1998). ‘Municipal Solid Waste: A Prediction Methodology for the Generation Rate and Composition in the European Union Countries and United States of America, Resources Conservation and Recycling’. vol (24), pp 155-166.
Dolgen, D., Sarptas, H., Alpaslan, N., & Kucukgul, O. (2005).Energy potential of municipal solid wastes. Journal of Energy Sources, vol (15), pp 1483–1492.
Gilgit-Baltistan Environmental Protection Agency (2013).Quantities and Characteristics of Solid Waste in Seven Urban Centres of Gilgit-Baltistan. Gilgit, Pakistan.
Ejaro, S. P., & Jiya, S. N. (2013). Source Specific Quantification, Characterisation and Management of Solid Waste in Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management, Vol. 6 No.5 2013. Retrieved on September 5, 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejesm.v6i5.14.
Gawaikar, V., Deshpande, V. P. (2006). Source Specific Quantification and Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste a Review.
Guangyu, Y. (n. d.). (2014). Amount and Composition of Municipal Solid Wastes. Point Sources of Pollution: Local Effects and its Control, Vol. 1. c09/E4-11-03-02.
Henry, R. K., Yongsheng, Z., Jun, D. (2006). Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries –Kenyan case study. Waste Management, vol 26(1), pp 92-100.
Huang, Q. F., Wang, Q., Dong, L., Xi, B. D., Zhou, B. Y. (2006). The current situation solid waste management in China. J. Mater. Cycle Waste Manag. 8.
International Resource Group, Ltd. (2009). Solid Waste: Generation, Handling, Treatment and Disposal (chapter: 15). Retrieved on September 10, 2014 from http://www.encapafrica.org/.
Jain, A.P. and Pant, G.B. (1994). ‘Solid Waste Management in India,’ paper presented at the 20th WEDC Conference, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Karrar M. & Iqbal A. (2011). Gilgit City Report. NED University of Technology, Karachi, Pakistan.