Evaluation of the Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Quality of Surface Waters in Guelma Basin, Algeria
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 238-244
Received: Aug. 15, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 26, 2015; Published: Sep. 3, 2015
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Authors
Nora Kachi, Department of Nature Sciences and Life, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences and Earth and Universe Sciences, University of 8 may 1945, Guelma, Algeria
Slimane Kachi, Department of Biology, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences and Earth and Universe Sciences, University of 8 may 1945, Guelma, Algeria
Houria Bousnoubra, Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Agronomy, University Badji Mokhtar, Annaba, Algeria
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Abstract
In order to evaluate the influence of human activities on the quality of surface waters of Guelma basin, physicochemical parameters (T°, pH, EC, TSS, DO, BOD5 COD, PO4-, NH4+, NO2- and NO3-) and bacteriological (TG, TC, FC and FS) of waters of Maiz and Zimba river have been followed on three sites starting from upstream to downstream during the flood and dry period. The parameters showed a significant influence of leaching from agricultural soils, urban and industrial discharges on the physico-chemical and bacteriological composition of water. The nitrogen and phosphate compounds are more important during the flood period and the high densities of bacteria were observed in dry period. The results indicate that surface waters of Maiz and Zimba river revealed a signs of degradation whatever the sampling period, since the majority of the analyzed parameters show higher levels of contamination to Algerian standards.
Keywords
Pollution, Physicochemical Parameters, Bacteriology, Surface Water, Guelma, Algeria
To cite this article
Nora Kachi, Slimane Kachi, Houria Bousnoubra, Evaluation of the Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Quality of Surface Waters in Guelma Basin, Algeria, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 238-244. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150305.11
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