Impact of Climate Change on the Development of Rainfall Intensity, Duration and Frequency Curves in Chiro and Hurso Stations of Eastern Ethiopia
Earth Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 97-105
Received: Jun. 5, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 26, 2017; Published: Sep. 18, 2017
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Authors
Abeba Tesfay, Department of Natural Resource and Environmental Engineering, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Shoeb Quraishi, Department of Natural Resource and Environmental Engineering, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Today environmental issue becomes the biggest concern of humankind because of scientific evidence about the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the changing climate of the Earth. This study was conducted in eastern Ethiopia specifically at Chiro and Hurso stations. The study assessed quantitatively the rainfall Intensity Duration Frequency (IDF) relationships under changing climate condition and compare with the existing rainfall- Intensity Duration- Frequency (IDF) relationships. Rainfall intensity duration and frequency curves were developed using historical rainfall time series data under the assumption that climate is stationary. This assumption is not valid under changing climatic conditions that may shifts in the magnitude and frequency of extreme rainfall. Such shifts in extreme rainfall at the local level demand new regulations for any intervention management as well as changes in design practices. In order to estimate the level of climate change impact on the rainfall Intensity Duration Frequency (IDF) relationships, these changes of the climate variables were applied to Hyetos Temporal Rainfall Disaggregation model to simulate future IDF relationships. From the results can see graphical presentation of IDF curves for return periods of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 years for durations of 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours. The comparison results indicate that, difference between rainfall intensities (percentage) of climate change scenario and historic rainfall for 2020s ranges between 1.58% and 10.92% for 2050s, ranges between 0.07% and 20.22% and for 2080s, ranges between 0.71% and 55.93% in Chiro station, respectively. Similarly, in the case of Hurso station, the difference between climate change scenario and historic rainfall for 2020s ranges between1.10% and 27.83% for 2050s ranges between 110.5% and 40.21% and for 2080s that ranges between 19.44% and 67.75%, respectively. Therefore, the outputs of the study indicates that the rainfall magnitude will be different in the future and thereby the decrease and increase in rainfall intensity and magnitude may have major implications on ways in which current and future intervention is designed, operated, and maintained. Therefore, design standards and guidelines currently employed in the study area should be revised with the confirmation of the impacts of climate change.
Keywords
Climate Change, Rainfall Intensity, Duration and Frequency Curves, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Abeba Tesfay, Shoeb Quraishi, Impact of Climate Change on the Development of Rainfall Intensity, Duration and Frequency Curves in Chiro and Hurso Stations of Eastern Ethiopia, Earth Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 97-105. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20170605.16
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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