Curie Point Depth from Spectral Analysis of Magnetic Data in the Southeast Tibet
Earth Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 88-96
Received: Jun. 27, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 11, 2017; Published: Sep. 18, 2017
Views 2167      Downloads 84
Authors
Kai Yang, The Key Lab of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques, Ministry of Education, Qingdao, China; Evaluation and Detection Technology Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Junhui Xing, The Key Lab of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques, Ministry of Education, Qingdao, China; Evaluation and Detection Technology Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China; College of Marine Geosciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Wei Gong, The Key Lab of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques, Ministry of Education, Qingdao, China; Evaluation and Detection Technology Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Chaoyang Li, The Key Lab of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques, Ministry of Education, Qingdao, China; Evaluation and Detection Technology Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Xiaoyang Wu, The Key Lab of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques, Ministry of Education, Qingdao, China; Evaluation and Detection Technology Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The satellite magnetic anomalies are used to calculate the Curie point depth of the Southeast Tibet by spectral analysis method in the study. The relationship between the Curie point depth and the regional faults or heat flow will be discussed. The results show that the Curie point depth of the study area ranges from 15 km to 36 km and the average depth is 26.3 km. The Curie point depth is cluster-like on the north of the Ailaoshan-Red River Fault, while it is strip-like distribution on the north side. The Curie point depth in the Xiaojiang Fault zone, the Xiaojinhe Fault zone, the Dien Bien Phu Fault zone and the Gaoligong Fault zone are shallow. It could be related to their strong frictional heat induced by these faults. The Curie point depth in the middle Sukhothai Block is shallow, which it is not only related to the Phayao Fault, the Mae Chan Fault and the Nam Ma Fault, but also to the subduction of the Palaeo-Tethys into the Indochina Block. There is a negative but nonlinearly correlation between the heat flow and the Curie point depth in this study area. The areas of low heat flow value correspond to the areas of deep Curie point depth. However, both the high and low heat flow values can be found in the areas of shallow Curie point depth. The possible reason is thought to be related to the low thermal conductivity of the rock.
Keywords
Magnetic Anomalies, Spectral Analysis, Curie Point Depth, Heat Flow, The Southeast Tibet
To cite this article
Kai Yang, Junhui Xing, Wei Gong, Chaoyang Li, Xiaoyang Wu, Curie Point Depth from Spectral Analysis of Magnetic Data in the Southeast Tibet, Earth Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 88-96. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20170605.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Dunlop, D. J., Özdemir, Ö, 2001. Beyond Néel’s theories: thermal demagnetization of narrow-band partial thermoremanent magnetizations. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 126: 43-57.
[2]
Tanaka, A., Okubo, Y., and Matsubayashi, O., 1999. Curie point depth based on spectrum analysis of the magnetic anomaly data in East and Southeast Asia. Tectonophysics, 306: 461-470.
[3]
Dolmaz, M. N., Hisarli, Z. M., and Mer, T. U. 2005. Curie Point Depths Based on Spectrum Analysis of Aeromagnetic Data, West Anatolian Extensional Province, Turkey. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162: 571-590.
[4]
Aboud, E., Salem, A., and Mekkawi, M., 2011. Curie depth map for Sinai Peninsula, Egypt deduced from the analysis of magnetic data. Tectonophysics, 506: 46-54.
[5]
Kasidi, S., Nur, A., 2012. Curie depth isotherm deduced from spectral analysis of Magnetic data over Sarti and environs of North-Eastern Nigeria. Sch J Biotech, 1: 49-56.
[6]
Guimarães, S., Ravat, D., and Hamza, V., 2014. Combined use of the centroid and matched filtering spectral magnetic methods in determining thermomagnetic characteristics of the crust in the structural provinces of Central Brazil. Tectonophysics, 624: 87-99.
[7]
Hsieh, H., Chen, C., Lin, P., and Yen, H. 2014. Curie point depth from spectral analysis of magnetic data in Taiwan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 90: 26–33. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2014.04.007.
[8]
Shen, N., Li, C., Zhang, G., and Wang, H., 1986. Curie isotherm depths calculation from aeromagnetic anomalies over Xikang and Yunnan continental paleorift zone. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 29 (5): 496–502.
[9]
Gao, G., Kang, G., Bai, C., and Li, G., 2015. Study on crustal magnetic anomalies and Curie surface in Southeast Tibet. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 97: 169–177.
[10]
Metcalfe, I., 2013. Gondwana dispersion and Asian accretion: tectonic and palaeogeographic evolution of eastern Tethys. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 66: 1-33.
[11]
Xiang, H, F., Han, Z, J., Guo, S, M., Cheng, L, C., and Zhang, W., 2004. Processing about quantitative study of large-scale strike-slip movement on Red River Fault zone. Advance in Earth Science, 19(6): 56-59.
[12]
Şengör, A, M, C., 1991. Plate tectonics and orogenic research after 25 years: A Tethyan perspective. Tectonophysics, 187: 315-344.
[13]
Li, X, Z., Liu, Z, Q., Pan, and G, Y. 1991. Tectonic Units Division and Evolution History of Three -river Region in Southwest China. The Institute Journal of Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Beijing:Geological Publishing House, 13: 1-150. [in Chinese.]
[14]
Phan, C., Le, D., Le, D., 1991. Geology of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam (Explanatory to the geological map Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam at 1:1000000 scale). Published by the Geological Survey of Vietnam.
[15]
Lepvrier, C., Maluski, H., Van Tich, V., Leyreloup, A., Thi, P. T., and Van Vuong, N., 2004. The early Triassic Indosinian orogeny in Vietnam (Truong Son Belt and Kontum Massif); implications for the geodynamic evolution of Indochina. Tectonophysics, 393: 87-118.
[16]
Sone, M., Metcalfe, I., 2008. Parallel Tethyan Sutures in mainland SE Asia: new insights for Palaeo-Tethys closure. Compte Rendus Geoscience, 340: 166–179.
[17]
Tun, S. T., Wang, Y., Khaing, S. N., Thant, M., Htay, N., Htwe, Y. M. M., & Sieh, K., 2014. Surface ruptures of the Mw 6.8 March 2011 Tarlay earthquake, eastern Myanmar. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 104(6), 2915-2932.
[18]
Noisagool, S., Boonchaisuk, S., Pornsopin, P., and Siripunvaraporn, W., 2016. The regional moment tensor of the 5 May 2014 Chiang Rai earthquake (Mw= 6.5), Northern Thailand, with its aftershocks and its implication to the stress and the instability of the Phayao Fault Zone. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 127: 231-245.
[19]
Roger, F., Calassou, S., Lancelot, J., Malavieille, J., Mattauer, M., Xu, Z., Hao, Z., and Hou, L., 1995. Miocene emplacement and deformation of the Konga Shan granite (Xianshui He fault zone, west Sichuan, China): Geodynamic implications. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 201-216.
[20]
Wang, E., Burchfiel, B. C., Royden, L. H., Chen, L., Chen, J., Li, W., and Chen, Z., 1998. Late Cenozoic Xianshuihe – Xiaojiang, Red River, and Dali Fault Systems of Southwestern Sichuan and Central Yunnan, China. Geological Society of America, 327: 108.
[21]
Yokoyama, M., Liu, Y., Otofuji, Y. I., and Yang, Z., 1999. New Late Jurassic palaeomagnetic data from the northern Sichuan basin: implications for the deformation of the Yangtze craton. Geophysical Journal International, 139: 795–805.
[22]
Chen, Z., Burchfiel, B., Liu, Y., King, R., Royden, L., Tang, W., Wang, E., Zhao, J., and Zhang, X., 2000. Global Positioning System measurements from eastern Tibet and their implications for India/Eurasia intercontinental deformation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 105: 16215 – 16227.
[23]
Lv, J.-N., Shen, Z.-K., Wang, M., 2003. Contemporary crustal deformation and active tectonic block model of the Sichuan-Yunnan region, China. Seismol. Geol, 25: 543-554. [in Chinese.]
[24]
Qian, X, D, Qin J, Z., 2008. Strong Earthquake Risk Analysis of Xiaojiang Fault Zone and Surrounding Areas. Journal of Seismological Research, 31(4): 354-361. [in Chinese.]
[25]
Metcalfe, I., 1996. Gondwanaland dispersion, Asian accretion and evolution of eastern Tethys∗. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 43: 605-623.
[26]
Takemoto, K., Halim, N., Otofuji, Y. I., Tri, T. V., Le, V. D., and Hada, S., 2005. New paleomagnetic constraints on the extrusion of Indochina: Late Cretaceous results from the Song Da terrane, northern Vietnam. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 229: 273-285.
[27]
Tang, Y., Liu, J, L., Song, Z, J., 2009. Structural Characteristics of the Dien Bien Phu Strike Slip Fault Zone and its Regional Tectonic Implication. Acta Geologica Sinica, 83(10): 1401-1414. [in Chinese.]
[28]
Lai, K.-Y., Chen, Y.-G., Lâm, D. Đ., 2012. Pliocene-to-present morphotectonics of the Dien Bien Phu fault in northwest Vietnam. Geomorphology, 173: 52-68.
[29]
http://www.heatflow.und.edu/IHFC%20Database/Asia%20and%20Middle%20Eastern%20Countries/thailand.csv
[30]
Wang J, Y., Huang, S, P., 1990. Compilation of heat flow data in the China continental area (2nd Edition). Seismilogy and Geology, 12(4): 351 —366. [in Chinese.]
[31]
Hu, S., He, L, Wang, J., 2001. Compilation of heat flow data in the China continental area (4nd edition). Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 44(5): 611-626. [in Chinese.]
[32]
Jiang, G. Z., Gao, P., and Rao, S. 2016. Compilation of heat flow data in the continental area of China (4th edition). Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 59(8): 2892-2910. [in Chinese.] doi: 10.6038/cjg20160815.
[33]
Maus, S., Sazonova, T., Hemant, K., Fairhead, J., and Ravat, D., 2007. National geophysical data center candidate for the world digital magnetic anomaly map. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 80(6): Q06017.
[34]
http://geomag.org/models/wdmam.html
[35]
Rajaram, M., Anand, S. P., Hemant, K., and Purucker, M. E., 2009. Curie isotherm map of Indian subcontinent from satellite and aeromagnetic data. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 281: 147–158.
[36]
Gao, G., Kang, G., Bai, C., and Li, G., 2013. Distribution of the crustal magnetic anomaly and geological structure in Xinjiang, China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 77: 12–20.
[37]
Salazar, J. M., Vargas, C. A., and Leon, H., 2017. Curie point depth in the SW Caribbean using the radially averaged spectra of magnetic anomalies. Tectonophysics, 694: 400-413.
[38]
Guan, Z., 2005. Geomagnetic field and magnetic exploration. Geological Publishing House, Beijing.
[39]
Maus, S., Gordan, D., Fairhead, D., 1997. Curie-temperature depth estimation using a self-similar magnetization model. Geophysical Journal International, 129: 163–168.
[40]
Okubo, Y., Graf, R., Hansen, R., Ogawa, K., and Tsu, H., 1985. Curie point depths of the island of Kyushu and surrounding areas, Japan. Geophysics, 50: 481-494.
[41]
Blakely, R. J., 1995. Potential Theory in Gravity and Magnetic Applications. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[42]
Li, C, F., 2011. An integrated geodynamic model of the Nankai subduction zone and neighboring regions from geophysical inversion and modeling. Journal of Geodynamics, 51: 64–80.
[43]
Dimitriadis, K., Tselentis, G.-A., and Thanassoulas, K., 1987. A BASIC program for 2-D spectral analysis of gravity data and source-depth estimation. Computers & Geosciences, 13: 549–560.
[44]
Nwogbo, P., 1998. Spectral prediction of magnetic source depths from simple numerical models. Computers & Geosciences, 24: 847–852.
[45]
Maule, C. F., Purucker, M. E., Olsen, N., and Mosegaard, K., 2005. Heat flux anomalies in Antarctica revealed by satellite magnetic data. Science, 309: 464-467.
[46]
Jiao, L. G., 2014. Study seismicity by satellite lithospheric magnetic field and Curie isotherm depth inversion. Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing.
[47]
Li, H., Zhang, Z., Li, Y., and Wang, Y., 2013b. The location of the tail of Emeishan mantle plume. Geological Review, 59(2): 201–208. [in Chinese.]
[48]
Wu, J, P, Yang, T., Wang, W, L. 2013. Three dimensional P-wave velocity structure around Xiaojiang fault system and its tectonic implication. Chinese Journal of Geophysics-Chinese Edition, 56(7): 2257-2267. [in Chinese.]
[49]
Zhao D, Liu L., 2010. Deep structure and origin of active volcanoes in China. Geoscience Frontiers, 1(1): 31-44.
[50]
Sun, Y., Wu, Z., Ye, P., Zhang, H., Li, H., and Tong, Y., 2016. Dynamics of the Tengchong volcanic region in the southeastern Tibetan plateau: A numerical study. Tectonophysics, 683: 272-285.
[51]
Liu, F., Liu, J., Zhong, D., He, J., and You, Q., 2000. The subducted slab of Yangtze continental block beneath the Tethyian orogen in western Yunnan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 45: 466-472.
[52]
Xu, Y., Yang, X., Li, Z., Liu, J., 2012. Seismic structure of the Tengchong volcanic area southwest China from local earthquake tomography. Journal of Volcanology & Geothermal Research, 239: 83-91.
[53]
Bai, D., Meju, M. A., and Liao, Z., 2001. Magnetotelluric images of deep crustal structure of the Rehai geothermal field near Tengchong, southern China. Geophysical Journal International, 147: 677-687.
[54]
Bai, D., Liao, Z., Zhao, G., and Wang, X., 1994. The inference of magmatic heat source beneath the Rehai (Hot Sea) field of Tengchong from the result of magnetotelluric sounding. Chinese Science Bulletin, 39(4): 344-347. [in Chinese.]
[55]
Qin, J, Z., Huang, F, G., and Li, Q. 2000. 3-D chromatography of velocity structure in Tengchong volcano areas and nearby. Journal of Seismological Research, 23(2): 157-165. [in Chinese.]
[56]
Huang, J., Zhao, D., and Zheng S., 2002. Lithospheric structure and its relationship to seismic and volcanic activity in southwest China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 107(B10).
[57]
Wang, C. Y., Chan, W. W., and Mooney, W. D., 2003. Three‐dimensional velocity structure of crust and upper mantle in southwestern China and its tectonic implications. Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 108(B9): 2442.
[58]
Yang, H., Hu, J., Hu, Y., Duan, Y., and Li, G., 2013. Crustal structure in the Tengchong volcanic area and position of the magma chambers. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 73: 48-56.
[59]
Amatyakul, P., Rung-Arunwan, T., and Siripunvaraporn, W., 2015 A pilot magnetotelluric survey for geothermal exploration in Mae Chan region, northern Thailand. Geothermics, 55: 31-38.
[60]
Han X. M., Mao Y. P,, Zhang J. G., and Yang J. W., 2000. The geometric structure and the geomorphic sighs of Neo-activity in the Mae Chan Fault in North Thailand. Journal of Seismological Reasearch, 23(1): 67-71.
[61]
Lacassin, R., Replumaz, A., and Leloup, P. H., 1998. Hairpin river loops and slip-sense inversion on southeast Asian strike-slip faults. Geology, 26: 703-706.
[62]
Tun, S. T., Wang, Y., Khaing, S. N., Thant, M., Htay, N., Htwe, Y. M. M., Myint, T., and Sieh, K., 2014. Surface Ruptures of the Mw 6.8 March 2011 Tarlay Earthquake, Eastern Myanmar. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 104(6): 2915-2932.
[63]
Zhu, Y, Q., Shi, Y, L., 1990. Shear heating and partial melting of granite-thermal structure at overthrusted terrains in the greater Himalaya. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 33(4): 408-416.
[64]
Ueno, K., 1999. Gondwana/Tethys divide in East Asia: solution from Late Paleozoic foraminiferal paleobiogeography, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Shallow Tethys. Department of Geological Science: Chiang Mai University Chiang Mai, Thailand, pp. 45-54.
[65]
Ueno, K., Hisada, K., 1999. Closure of the Paleo-Tethys caused by the collision of Indochina and Sibumasu. Chikyu Monthly, 21: 832–839. [in Japanese.]
[66]
Ueno, K., Hisada, K. I., Ueno, K., and Hisada, K. I., 2001. The Nan-Uttaradit-Sa Kaeo Suture as a Main Paleo-Tethyan Suture in Thailand: Is it Real? Gondwana Research, 4: 804-806.
[67]
Sone, M., Metcalfe, I., and Chaodumrong, P., 2012. The Chanthaburi terrane of southeastern Thailand: Stratigraphic confirmation as a disrupted segment of the Sukhothai Arc. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 61: 16-32.
[68]
Koszowska, E., Wolska, A., Zuchiewicz, W., Cuong, N. Q., and Pécskay, Z., 2007. Crustal contamination of Late Neogene basalts in the Dien Bien Phu Basin, NW Vietnam: Some insights from petrological and geochronological studies. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 29: 1-17.
[69]
Wang, J, Y, et al. 2015. Geothermics and its applications. Science Publishing House, Beijing.
[70]
Lin, J, Y., Sibuet, J, C., and Hsu, S, K., 2005. Distribution of the East China Sea continental shelf basins and depths of magnetic sources. Earth Planets Space, 57: 1063―1072.
[71]
Nuri, D, M., Ustaömer, T., and Hisarli, M, Z. 2005. Curie Point Depth variations to infer thermal structure of the crust at the African-Eurasian convergence zone, SW Turkey. Earth Planets Space, 57: 373―383
[72]
Hu, S., He, L., and Wang, J., 2000. Heat flow in the continental area of China: a new data set. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 179(2): 407-419.
[73]
Li, C. F., Wang, J., 2016. Variations in Moho and Curie depths and heat flow in Eastern and Southeastern Asia. Marine Geophysical Research, 37: 1-20.
[74]
Li, C, F., Shi, X., Zhou, Z., Li, J., Geng, J., and Chen, B., 2010. Depths to the magnetic layer bottom in the South China Sea area and their tectonic implications. Geophysical Journal International, 182: 1229-1247.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186