Cognitive Impairment/Dementia in HIV Patients in a Faith Based Clinic
Advances in Psychology and Neuroscience
Volume 2, Issue 2-1, March 2017, Pages: 27-30
Received: Sep. 28, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 30, 2016; Published: Feb. 14, 2017
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Authors
Piwuna C. G., Department of Psychiatry, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Piwuna T. O., Department of Hematology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Obindo J. T., Department of Psychiatry, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Tungchama F. P., Department of Psychiatry, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Bankat M. A., Department of Psychiatry, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
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Abstract
Human Immuno-deficiency (HIV) Virus is usually among other disorders associated with cognitive impairment and dementia adding to the burden of the disease in affected individuals and the quality of care. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in a non-governmental organization caring for patients with the disease in Jos, North Central Nigeria. A total of 220 patients attending the Faith Alive Clinic in Jos were randomly selected and studied using instruments such as the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Modified – HIV Associated Dementia Scale (M-HDS) and the Center for Epidemiologic Study Depression Scale – Revised (CES-D). Most of the patients were female (60.9%), male 31.9% with 48.6% married. Analysis of the different subscales of M-HAD the MMSE reveals significant impairment Psychomotor, memory and recall and the construction functions of the subjects P ≤ 0.000. The prevalence of cognitive impairment/dementia in the study population was 70.9% on M-HDS and 35% on MMSE. The implication of these findings is that clinicians should have reasonable index of suspicion when managing patients that are HIV Sero-positive to be able to identify patients with cognitive problems.
Keywords
Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus, Cognitive Impairment, Dementia Scale, Jos, Mini-Mental State Examination, Depression Scale
To cite this article
Piwuna C. G., Piwuna T. O., Obindo J. T., Tungchama F. P., Bankat M. A., Cognitive Impairment/Dementia in HIV Patients in a Faith Based Clinic, Advances in Psychology and Neuroscience. Special Issue:Substance Abuse: Perspectives, Trends, Issues and the Way Forward. Vol. 2, No. 2-1, 2017, pp. 27-30. doi: 10.11648/j.apn.s.2017020201.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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