Renal Function Assessment Among Diabetic Patients in Asella Referral and Teaching Hospital, Assela, South East Ethiopia
Science Journal of Clinical Medicine
Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 17-20
Received: May 27, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 1, 2019;
Published: Jul. 22, 2019
Views 614 Downloads 127
Shimels Teshome Ayalneh, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Million Getachew Mesfun, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Getachew Abebe, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Henok Getachew, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
1.5 million people died due to diabetes and more than half millions of them died because of diabetic kidney diseases in 2015. In Ethiopia, the frequency of chronic complications of diabetes is high and an increased occurrence of nephropathy, peripheral neuropathy, hypertension, and retinopathy was observed with longer duration of diabetes. However, there is limited data on the assessment of renal function among Diabetic patients at country level in general as well as specifically in Asella Referral & Teaching Hospital. Retrospective study method was used and Cockroft-Gault formula was used to calculate the estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate. The data were analyzed using SPSS version-20 software and the P-value was calculated to see the statistically significant association (p-value < 0.05) among different parameters. Among the total of 189 study subjects, 123 (65.1%) was found to have evidence of renal damage. Of all 123 patients having renal damage, 76 (40.2%) was stage 2, 4 (2.1%) was stage 4. Diabetic patients whose age is >50 were 0.276 times at risk of developing diabetic renal damage than those aged ≤50 (AOR=0.276, 95% CI (0.133-0.574) p=0.001)
Shimels Teshome Ayalneh,
Million Getachew Mesfun,
Renal Function Assessment Among Diabetic Patients in Asella Referral and Teaching Hospital, Assela, South East Ethiopia, Science Journal of Clinical Medicine.
Vol. 8, No. 2,
2019, pp. 17-20.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
WHO, Global Health Estimates: Estimated deaths by cause, age and sex 2000-2015. 2016.
WHO, global NCD target halt the rise in diabetes. 2016.
Mbanya, J. C. N., et al., Diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa. The Lancet, 2010. 375(9733): p. 2254-2266.
WHO, Global report on diabetes. 2015.
Worku, D., L. Hamza, and K. Woldemichael, Patterns of diabetic complications at Jimma University specialized hospital, southwest Ethiopia. Ethiopian journal of health sciences, 2010. 20(1).
Fiseha, T., M. Kassim, and T. Yemane, Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and associated risk factors among diabetic patients in southern Ethiopia. American Journal of Health Research, 2014. 2(4): p. 216-221.
Green, A., N. Christian Hirsch, and S. Krøger Pramming, The changing world demography of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews, 2003. 19(1): p. 3-7.
King, H., R. E. Aubert, and W. H. Herman, Global burden of diabetes, 1995–2025: prevalence, numerical estimates, and projections. DiabetesCare, 1998. 21(9): p. 1414-1431.
Ferguson, T. S., et al., Prevalence of chronic kidney disease among patients attending a specialist diabetes clinic in Jamaica. The West Indian medical journal, 2015. 64(3): p. 201.
Charuhas V. Thakar, A. C., Jonathan Himmelfarb, and Anthony C. Leonard, Acute Kidney Injury Episodes and Chronic Kidney Disease Risk in Diabetes Mellitus. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2011. 6: p. 2567-2572.
Nyamai, The Burden of Chronic Kidney Disease in Ambulant Type 2 Diabetes Patients at Kenyatta National Hospital Diabetes Outpatient Clinics. 2014.
Fontela, P. C., et al., Estimated glomerular filtration rate in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira, 2014. 60(6): p. 531-537.
Antonio Rodriguez-Poncelas, J. G.-O., Josep Franch-Nadal, and RedGDPS Study Group, Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes in Spain: PERCEDIME2 study. BioMed central 2013.
Ohta, M., et al., Comparison of the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Japanese patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Diabetic Medicine, 2010. 27(9): p. 1017-1023.
Koro, C. E., B. H. Lee, and S. J. Bowlin, Antidiabetic medication use and prevalence of chronic kidney disease among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the United States. Clinical Therapeutics, 2009. 31(11): p. 2608-2617.
Young, B. A., C. Maynard, and E. J. Boyko, Racial differences in diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in a national population of veterans. Diabetes Care, 2003. 26(8): p. 2392-2399.
Foundation, N. K., frequently asked questions about GFR estimates. 2014.