Evaluation of Analgesic Usage in Pain Management in Bingham University Teaching Hospital
Science Journal of Clinical Medicine
Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 86-90
Received: Jan. 18, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 3, 2017; Published: Oct. 24, 2017
Views 1965      Downloads 114
Modupe Iretiola Builders, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Amos Paul Bassi, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Inappropriate analgesic prescriptions is associated with poor management of pain leading to low recovery, high morbidity, increase hospital stay, decrease patient satisfaction, high costs of admission and adverse drug reactions. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the analgesic usage by the medical prescribers at the inpatient and outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional analgesic utilization study, the age, sex, the drugs prescribed per patient were recorded and analgesic prescriptions were analyzed by Pearson test and statistical significance was determined at P<0.05. A total of 2920 prescriptions were analyzed, 88.9% of the patients were prescribed analgesics, 51.9% were males, majority of them were between 21 to 41 yrs (30.5%). Acetaminophen was the most prescribed analgesic (46.1%), the most prescribed analgesic combination was ketoprofen and ibuprofen (14.4%), 75.6% of the patients were placed on analgesic oral dosage forms and majority of these drugs were prescribed in generic names.
Analgesics, Pain, Patients, Physicians
To cite this article
Modupe Iretiola Builders, Amos Paul Bassi, Evaluation of Analgesic Usage in Pain Management in Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Science Journal of Clinical Medicine. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2017, pp. 86-90. doi: 10.11648/j.sjcm.20170605.15
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
J. E. Kim, M. Dodd, and C. West, “The PRO-SELF Pain control program improves patients knowledge of cancer pain management”, Oncology Nursing Forum, vol. 31, pp. 1137-1143, 2004.
S. C, McMillan, M. Tittle, S. Hagan and J. Laughlin, “Management of pain and pain- related symptoms in hospitalized veterans with cancer”, Cancer Nursing, vol. 23, pp. 327-336, 2000.
Y. Demir, “Non-Pharmacological therapies in pain management, pain Management–current issues and opinions”, Dr. Gabor Racz (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-813-7, InTech, pp. 803- 807, 2012.
R. Evans and A. Rosner, “Alternative in cancer pain treatment: the application of chiropractic care”, Seminars in Oncology Nursing, vol. 21, pp. 184-189, 2005.
M. I. Builders and C. N. Aguwa, “Patients attitude towards analgesic usage in Nsukka community”, Der Pharmacia Lettre, vol. 4, pp. 641-647, 2012.
M. Nordin, “Self-care techniques for acute episodes of low-back pain”, Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology”, Vol. 16, pp. 89-101, 2002.
M. I. Builders, “Rational and Irrational use of analgesics: A review”, World J. Pharm Sci, vol. 4, pp. 55-60, June, 2016.
S. Sen and P. Bathini. “Auditing Analgesic Use in Post-operative Setting”, J. Clin. Diag. Res, vol. 9, pp. FC01-FC04, April, 2015.
F. A. Fehintola and A. A. Ganiyu, “Prescriptions involving analgesic drugs at a secondary health facility in Ibadan, Nigeria”, Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 6, pp. 34-38, December, 2008.
T. C. Hayas Mohammed, M. Beegum, and P. Perumal, “Prescribing pattern of analgesics in a tertiary care hospital”, Int. J. PharmTech Res, vol. 3, pp. 1521-1529, 2011.
M. I. Builders, E. Ogbole, T. Akande and T. Ogundeko. “Drug utilization study in Bingham University teaching hospital”, Donnish J. Med. Med Sci, vol. 2, pp. 72-77, June, 2015.
J. O. Fadare, S. M. Agboola, O. A. Opeke and R. A. Alabi, “Prescription pattern and prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications among elderly patients in a Nigerian rural tertiary hospital”, Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, vol. 9, pp. 115-120, March, 2013.
A. Kamaldeen, L. M. Omuya, M. A. Buhari, A. O. Saka and M. J Saka. “Evaluation of analgesics usage in pain management among physicians”, J. Appl. Pharm Sci, vol. 02, pp. 194-198, January, 2012.
M. I. Builders, J. M. Okonta and C. N. Aguwa. “Prescription patterns of analgesics in a community hospital in Nsukka”, J. Pharm Sci. Res, vol. 3, pp. 1593-1598, 2011.
N. B, Bhansali, T. R Gosai, N. K. Dholaria, S. D. Suthar and J. Chacko, “ Drug utilization study in post- operative patients in surgical ward of a tertiary hospital attached with a medical college”. Der Pharmacia Lettre, vol. 5 pp. 251-57, 2013.
V. Vlahovic-Palcevski, B. Wettermark, and U. Bergman. “Quality of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug prescribing in Croatia (Rijeka) and Sweden (Stockholm)”, Eur. J. Clin Pharmacol, vol. 58, pp. 209-214, 2002.
A. D. Paul and C. K. Chauhan. “Study of usage pattern of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) among different practice categories in Indian clinical setting”, Eur. J. Clin. Pharmacol, vol. 60, pp. 889-892, 2005.
D. Henry, L. L. Lim, L. A. Garcia Rodriguez, S. Perez Guttmann, J. L. Carson and M. Griffin, “Variability in risk of gastrointestinal complications with individual nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: results of a collaborative meta-analysis”, B. M. J vol. 312, pp. 1563-1566, June, 1996.
American pain society, “Principles of analgesic use in the treatment of acute pain and chronic cancer pain”, Clin. Pharm, vol. 9, pp. 601-603, 1990.
N. T. Buckley, and R. N. Brogden, “Ketorolac: a review of its pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic potential”, Drug, vol. 39: pp. 86-109, 1990.
World Health Organization, “Cancer pain relief”, Geneva, 1986.
M. I. Aguwa, “A hand book of pharmacology and allied health professions” in Analgesics, Onitsha: Nigeria, Africana–FEP. Pub. Ltd, 1998, pp. 72-78.
K. B. Domingo, “Aspirin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases and colorectal cancer”, Annals. Int. Med, vol. 164, pp. 836-845, 2016.
A. Molloy, “Does pethidine still have a place in therapy”? Australian Prescriber, vol. 25, pp. 12-13, 2002.
NSW, “Improving analgesia in hospital emergency departments: optimising use of pethidine Therapeutic Assessment Group (NSW tag)”, pp. 1-6, 2002.
F. Ara and S. A. R, Chowdhury. “Pattern of drug use for under-five children in acute respiratory infections in three selected teaching hospitals in Dhaka city”, Bangladesh J. Physiol Pharmacol, vol. 17 pp. 33-36, 2001.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186