Ear, Nose and Throat Changes Observed during three Trimester of Pregnancy
Science Journal of Clinical Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 52-56
Received: Apr. 29, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 17, 2014; Published: Jun. 30, 2014
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Authors
Ayşe Neslin Akkoca, Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Hatay ,Turkey
Gül Soylu Özler, Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolarıngology, Hatay ,Turkey
Raziye Keskin Kurt, Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hatay ,Turkey
Oya Soylu Karapınar, Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hatay ,Turkey
Zeynep Tuba Özdemir, Bozok University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of İnternal Medicine, Yozgat, Turkey
Serdar Yanık, İskenderun State Hospital, Department of Pathology, Hatay ,Turkey
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Abstract
Aim: To evaulate frequencies and distribution of ear, nose, throat symptoms during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: The study population consisted of 40 pregnant women and 40 non-pregnant women who applied clinics of Otorhinolarıngology and Obstetrics. Pregnant women were evaluated each trimester and after birth. Results:Results in pregnant group were as follows: Sensation of blockage in ears(15% in first trimester , 25% in second trimester, 30% in third trimester and 17.5% after birth), hearing loss(2.5% , only 1 patient in third trimester), facial paralysis(2.5% , only 1 patient in third trimester), stuffiness(7.5% in first trimester , 15% in second trimester, 20% in third trimester and 5% after birth), olfactive sensitivity (5% in first trimester , 30% in second trimester, 33% in third trimester and 10% after birth), gum bleeding(25% in first trimester , 30% in second trimester, 33% in third trimester and 5% after birth),epulis(2.5% , only 1 patient in second trimester), change in taste(37.5% in first trimester , 20% in second trimester, 17.5% in third trimester and 2.5% after birth), hoarseness(12.5% in first trimester , 17.5% in second trimester, 22.5% in third trimester and 5% after birth), dysphagia(20% in first trimester , 40% in second trimester, 45% in third trimester and 2.5% after birth), regurgitation(25% in first trimester , 37.5% in second trimester, 50% in third trimester and 2.5% after birth), facial pigmentation(10% in first trimester , 11.25% in second trimester, 30% in third trimester and 30% after birth). İn control group, symptoms were sensation of blockage in ears(12.5%), stuffiness(5%), olfactive sensitivity (5%), gum bleeding(5%), change in taste(2.5%), hoarseness(5%), dysphagia(2.5%), regurgitation(7.5%), facial pigmentation (7.5%). There were no hearing loss , facial paralysis and epulis in control group. Conclusion: Pregnancy changes ear, nose, throat symptoms and these symptoms may differ according to trimesters. While incidince of symptoms increased as pregnancy progresses, incidince of symptoms decreased after birth.
Keywords
Pregnancy, Trimester, Ear, Nose and Throat Changes
To cite this article
Ayşe Neslin Akkoca, Gül Soylu Özler, Raziye Keskin Kurt, Oya Soylu Karapınar, Zeynep Tuba Özdemir, Serdar Yanık, Ear, Nose and Throat Changes Observed during three Trimester of Pregnancy, Science Journal of Clinical Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2014, pp. 52-56. doi: 10.11648/j.sjcm.20140303.15
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