Short Communication: Recommended Dietary Allowance for School-Aged Children in Cambodia
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2018, Pages: 155-159
Received: Aug. 10, 2018;
Accepted: Sep. 4, 2018;
Published: Sep. 28, 2018
Views 1134 Downloads 364
Yoko Horiuchi, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Aomori University of Health and Welfare, Aomori, Japan
Kaoru Kusama, Department of Food and Health sciences, Faculty of Health and Human Development, The University of Nagano, Nagano, Japan
Hiroko Oji, NOM POPOK, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Sar Kanha, Foundation for International Development/Relief (FIDR), Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Nobuo Yoshiike, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Aomori University of Health and Welfare, Aomori, Japan
Follow on us
Nutrient standards have not been developed for school-aged children in Cambodia, which has led to a lack of basic nutritional education and feeding programs in schools. This article highlights the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for school-aged children in Cambodia, which was developed by the Ministry of Health in 2016 with the participation of representatives from relevant government agencies, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations. Because of the limited amount of data and scientific knowledge specified for Cambodia, this new RDA (CAM-RDA) was based on Southeast Asian RDAs (SEA-RDA) and used extrapolation methods shown in various guidelines such as those of the World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization/United Nations, Japan, or the USA/Canada. First, the Foundation for International Development/Relief (FIDR) conducted a nutritional survey using a 24-h dietary method combined with anthropometric measurements among 2,020 children aged 6–17 years throughout Cambodia between November 2014 and July 2015 (CAM-data). The body weight and height values recorded were much lower than the reference values used in SEA-RDA. Therefore, an estimated ideal weight was determined as the reference value for CAM-RDA; that is, the intermediate value between of the reference value from SEA-RDA and the median value from the CAM-data was set to the reference weight values to calculate the requirements for energy and 19 nutrients in the CAM-RDA. Because an increase in body weight of Cambodian children is expected in the future due to nutrition transition, the reference values should be reviewed. We hope that the CAM-RDA will help in guiding the national nutritional policies in Cambodia.
Cambodia, School-Aged Children, Recommended Dietary Allowance, Development, Reference Weight
To cite this article
Short Communication: Recommended Dietary Allowance for School-Aged Children in Cambodia, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 7, No. 5,
2018, pp. 155-159.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Cambodia Inter-Censal Population Survey 2013. Phonm Penh, 2013. Available at http://www.stat.go.jp/info/meetings/cambodia/pdf/ci_fn02.pdf(Accessed June 1, 2018).
E-Siong Tee, Rodolfo F. Florentino, Recommended dietary allowances: Harmonization in Southeast Asia. International Life Sciences Institute, Singapore, 2005. Available at http://ilsisea-region.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/21/2016/06/ILSI-SEAR-Monograph-ASEAN-RDAs.pdf. (Accessed June 1, 2018).
Foundation for International Development/Relief (FIDR), Development of Recommended Dietary Allowance and Food Based Dietary Guidelines for school-aged children in Cambodia 2017. Available at http://www.fao.org/3/I9704EN/i9704en.pdf (Accessed June 8, 2018).
E-Siong Tee, 1998. Current Status of Recommended Dietary Allowances in Southeast Asia: A Regional Overview. Nutrition Reviews 56, 10-18. doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-4887.1998.tb01709.x.
Puwastien P, Burlingame B, Raroengwichit M, Sungpuag P, ASEAN Food Composition Tables 2000. Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Thailand, 2000.
INFOODS, SMILING food composition table for Cambodia. 2013. Available at http://www.fao.org/infoods/infoods/tables-and-databases/asia/en/. (Accessed June 1, 2018).
WHO, Energy and protein requirements: Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series 724. Geneva, 1985.
FAO, Human energy requirements. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. 17-24. Rome, 2001.
WHO, Guideline: Sodium intake for adults and children. Geneva, 2012.
WHO, Guideline: Potassium intake for adults and children. Geneva, 2012.
WHO, Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series 916. Geneva, 2003.
Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (Scientific Committee of Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese), Dietary reference intakes for Japanese (2015 revision). Tokyo, 2014. (in Japanese).
Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D, and fluoride. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1997. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK109825/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK109825.pdf (Accessed May 30, 2018).
Ministry of Health and Welfare (Section of Nutrition, Council for Public Health), Recommended dietary allowance for Japanese. Tokyo, 1959. (in Japanese).
Ministry of Health and Welfare (Section of Nutrition, Council for Public Health), Recommended dietary allowance for Japanese (1969 revision). Tokyo, 1969. (in Japanese).
Ministry of Health and Welfare (Section of Health Promotion, Council for public Health), Recommended dietary allowance for Japanese (5th revision). Tokyo, 1994. (in Japanese).
Ministry of Health and Welfare (Section of Health Promotion, Council for public Health), Recommended dietary allowance for Japanese (6th revision). Tokyo, 1999. (in Japanese).