Macroscopic Examination of Semen Quality from Infertile Patients Fed with Supplement from Anadara granosa L
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 453-458
Received: May 27, 2015;
Accepted: Jun. 7, 2015;
Published: Jun. 19, 2015
Views 4035 Downloads 83
Eddyman W. Ferial, Laboratory of Research Centre and Developing of Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia; Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Ahyar Ahmad, Laboratory of Research Centre and Developing of Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia; Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
A study on macroscopic examnination of semen quality from infertile patients after being fed with supplement from marine clam, Anadara granosa L.was conducted. The objective of this study was to analyze the difference of sperm quality from the treated patients before and after they consumed nutrients from A. granosa L. Semen samples were taken from infertile patients and analyzed at the Prodia Laboratory, Makassar, Indonesia. The clam samples were collected from Pannaikiang Island, District of Barru, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Data analysis applied T-test in order to know the difference of sperm quality before and after administration of supplement from A. granosa L. Placebo administration of 1 capsule per day did not affect the macroscopic characteristics (volume, pH, odor, and color) of collected sperm. Administration of one capsule per day and two capsules per day significantly improved the macroscopic characteristics of the sperm.
Eddyman W. Ferial,
Macroscopic Examination of Semen Quality from Infertile Patients Fed with Supplement from Anadara granosa L, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2015, pp. 453-458.
Bedwal, R.S., and Bahaguna A. 1994. Zn, Copper and Selenium in Reproduction, Experientia, Vol. 50 : 626 – 640.
Chia, S.E., Lim, S.T., Tay, S.K., and Lim, S.T.2000. Factors associated with male infertility: a case-control study of 218 infertile and 240 fertile men.BJOG. 107(1): 55-61.
Culei, J. 1984. Metodology for Analysis of Vegetables and Drugs. Faculty of Pharmacy: Bucharest, Pp. 11-26.
Ferial, E. W. 2011. The Clinical Study of Anadara granosa L Mollusk Shell Nutrient on Spermatozoid Quality of Human. (Disertation). Graduate Medical Sciences program, University of Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia.
Freund, M.,dan Peterson, M. 1976. Semen Evaluation and fertility.In :Human Semen and Fertility Regulation in Men. Edit by E.S.E Hafez. Saint Louis the C.V. Mosby Comp (1976) page 344 – 354.
Hermawanto H.H. 2000. Analysis ofSperminMale Infertility. Clinical PathologyPPDSHospital Dr.SyaifulAnwarMalang. Malang.
Johnson, J.V. 2003. Infertility, in Scott JR, Gibbs RS, Karlan BY, Haney AF (editor), Danforth’s Obstetrics and Gynecology, edition 9th, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. USA.
Lewis, Jones, D.I., Aird I.A., Biljan M.M., and Kingsland C.R. 1996. Effect of Sperm Activity on Zn and Fructose Concentration in Seminal Plasma. Human Reproduction, Vol. 11 : 2465–2467.
Lindenmann, C.B., Goltz J.S., dan Kanous K.S. 1987. Regulaiton of Activation State and Flagellar Wafe Form in Epididymal Rat Sperm : Evidence for the involvement of both Ca+² and cAMP, Cellular Motility Cytoskeleton, Vol 8 : 324 – 332.
Ministry of Health. 2008. Kepmenkes No. 125 / Menkes / SK / II / 2008 on Guidelines for Community Health Insurance (JAMKESMAS) in 2008, Jakarta.
Mukti. B. 2006. Design and Sample Size For Quantitative and Qualitative Research in the Field of Health, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
Rowe P.J., Frank H.C., Timothy B.H., and Ahmed M.A.M. 2000. WHO Manual for the standardized Investigation, Diagnosis and Management of the Infertile Male, Cambridge University Press. UK.
Setyono, D.E.D. 2006. Characteristics of Marine Biology and oyster products. Oseana Volume XXXI, Number I: Page. 5.
Soeharso, P. 2004. Molecular Biology in Reproduction Hormon. Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia, Vol. 54, No. 3
Sugiyono. 2008. Methods of Research Administration, Alfabeta, Bandung.
Tendean, O. S., 2009. Fertilization Sperm. Faculty of Medicine, University of Sam Ratulangi, Manado.
Wibisono, H. 2010. Atlas Spermatology. Refika Aditama Publisher, Bandung.
Wibisono, H. 2010. Andrology Laboratorium Guide Book. Refika Aditama, Bandung.
World Health Organization. 1999. WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination of Human Semen and semen – Cervical Mucus Interaction, 4th ed. Cambridge University Press, U.
Yanamigachi, R. 1981. Mechanism of Fertilization in Mammals, Mastroianni Jr., Biggers J.D., (editor), Fertilization and Embryonic Development In Vitro. Plenum Press, New York.
Yatim, W. 1990. Reproduction and Embryology. Publisher Tarsito, Bandung.