University students are the first post-childhood group who reach adulthood. A new period begins in the nutrition of students as they, following the start of education, have become more open to external factors and begin to make their own choices more explicitly. New forms that might emerge in dietary habits will be continued after university education. This study is considered helpful in the issues of encouraging adequate and balanced diet in the youth of higher education and enhancing, developing and extending dietary conditions at universities and dormitories. This study was conducted to determine dietary habits of university students aged 17-35. Data in the study was collected through questionnaire forms from a total of 310 students selected using simple random sampling. The amount of energy taken in through diet is 2075.9±965.85 kcal/day in male students and 1681.6±865.36 kcal/day in female students. It was found that majority of the students skipped a meal and 16.8% of the students ate three main meals. Based on gender, the difference was found statistically significant between the intakes of vitamin B12, biotin, carbohydrate (g), vitamin B2 and zinc, pantothenic acid, folate (p<0.01), B1, iron and phosphor (p<0.05) as well as protein (g). It was discovered that the intake of vitamin K and phosphor by sample group exceeded 2/3 RDA. In general, it was seen that there were inequalities between genders in the use of varied food items and a deficiency was detected particularly in the intake of niacin, folate, calcium, iron (in females) and magnesium. To conclude, it was found that students do not have enough knowledge of adequate and balanced diet.
Gulcin Algan Ozkok,
Evaluation of Dietary Habits Among University Students in Konya, Turkey, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2015, pp. 431-438.
Erten, M. “A Research on Dietary Knowledge and Habits of University Students Studying in Adıyaman”. Unpublished Postgraduate Thesis. Gazi University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Department of Household Economy and Nutrition Education, 2006, Ankara, Turkey.
Baltacı, G., Ersoy, G., Karaagaoglu, N., Derman, O., Kanbur, N. “Ergenlerde Saglıklı Beslenme, Hareketli Yasam”. 1st Edition Sinem Publishing, 2006, Ankara, Turkey.
Deliens, T. Clarysa, P. Van Heckea, L. De Bourdeaudhuij, I. Deforchea, B. Changes in weight and body composition during the first semester at university. A prospective explanatory study. Appetite, Volume 65, 1 June 2013, Pages 111–116. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2013.01.024.
Ross, J. Schweitzer, A. Klein, C. Mackey, E. and Lei, D.. “Validation of ALIVE Block Food Frequency Questionnaire for Use with College Students”. The FASEB Journal, April, 2015, vol. 29 no. 1 Supplement 584.4.
Karaoglu L, Pehlivan E, Genc MF, Gunes G, Egri M. “Dietary habits and physical activity levels of İnonu University second grade students”. Health and society. 2005; 15: 82-88.
Yaman, M, Yabancı N. “Evaluation of university students’ dietary habits”. Ist International Household Economy Congress, March 2006, Ankara. Congress Abstract Book, 214-223pp.
BEBİS. Ebispro Fur Windows, Stuttgart, Germany; Turkish Version (Bebis-5), 2004, İstanbul, Turkey.
Baysal, A. “Beden Agırlıgının Denetimi Diyet El Kitabı”. (Ed. A Baysal, N Bozkurt, G Pekcan, H.T. Besler, M Aksoy, T.K. Merdol, S Kececioglu, S.M. Mercanlıgil). 4th Edition, Hatipoglu Publishing House, Ankara, 2008, 22-23pp. Turkey.
Pekcan G. “Hastanın Beslenme Durumunun Saptanması”. In: Baysal A, Aksoy M, Bozkut M (eds). Diet Handbook. Ankara: Hatiboglu Publishing house, Ankara, 2002, 65-116pp. Turkey.
Lee, R.D., Nieman, D.C. “Nutritional Assesment”, The Macgraw-Hill Companies. 2003, Newyork.
Gibson, E.L. “Principles of Nutritional Assesment”. 1990, Newyork: Oxford Universty Press.
R. Ortiz-Moncada, A. I. Norte Navarro, A. Zaragoza Marti, J. Fernández Sáez, M.ª C. Davó Blanes. “Siguen patrones de dieta mediterránea los universitarios españoles? Do the Spanish university students follow Mediterranean dietary patterns?” Nutrición Hospitalaria, 2012, vol 27, Iss 6, Pp 1952-1959.
Gan WY, Mohd Nasir MT, Zalilah MS & Hazizi AS. “Differences in Eating Behaviours, Dietary Intake and Body Weight Status between Male and Female Malaysian University Students”. Mal J Nutr., 2011, 17 (2): 213-228.
Seidler T1, Szczuko M. “Nutrition mode evaluation among University of Agriculture students in Szczecin in 2006. Part I. Consumption of selected nutrients and nourishment state”. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2009; 60 (1): 59-64.
Tutuncu, İ. Karaismailoglu, E. “Determining the knowledge levels of university students on nutrition”. SSTB Journal Year: 2013 ıssue: 6 Subject: Nutrition and Dietetics
Avsar, P. Kazan EE. Pınar G. “Research on eatıng habıts of unıversıty students wıth rısk factors related to obesıty and chronıc dıseases". Yıldırım Beyazıt University Faculty of Health Sciences Nursing E- Journal, volume 1 ıssue: 1, 2013.
Ayhan, De. Gunaydın, E. Gonluacık. Arslan, U. Cetinkaya, F. Asımı, H. Uncu, Y. “The Characteristics and Related Factors of The Students’ of Uludag University Medical Faculty”. Journal of Uludag University Medical Faculty., 2012, 38 (2): 97-104.
Huda N & Ruzita A “Preliminary survey on nutritional status among university students at Malaysia”. Pakistan J Nutr., 2010, 9 (2): 125–127.
Ermis, E., Dogan, E., Erilli, N.A. & Satıcı, A. “An examınatıon of nutrıtıonal habıts of unıversıty students: the model of Ondokuz Mayıs Unıversıty”. Journal of sports and performance researches, 2015, vol. 6, No.1.
Omidvar, S and Begum, K. “Dıetary pattern, food habıts and preferences among adolescent and adult student gırls from an urban area, South India”. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences ISSN: 2231-6345 (Online) An Open Access, Online International Journal Available at http://www. cibtech.org/jls. Htm 2014 vol. 4 (2) April-June, pp. 465-473.
Cetin G. Sarper F. “A Study into The Nutrition Knowledge And Habits Of The First and Last Grade Students Of The Faculty Of Medicine”. Education and Society in 21st century volume 2 issue 6 Winter 2013
Shi, Z., Lien, N., Kumar, B.N. and Holmboe-Ottesen, G. Socio-Demographic Differences in Food Habits and Preferences of School Adolescents in Jiangsu Province China. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2005, 59 (12): 1439-144.
Akcam Oluk, E., Oluk, S., Davaslıoglu, E.N. “Meal layout of aegean unıversıty students and edıble beans consumptıon”. C.B.U. Journal of Science 2011, 41-50.
Ruxton CHS and Kirk TR. “Breakfast: a review of associations with measures of dietary intake, physiology and biochemistry”. British Journal of Nutrition. 1997, 78 (2) 199-214.
Ulas, B., Uncu, F., Uner, S. “Prevalence and Affecting Factors of Potential Eating Disorders Among Students of Health Higher Education”, İnonu University Journal of Health Sciences 2013; 2: 15-22.
Tumerdem, Y., Ayhan, B., Coskun, A. “Nutritional Status of University Youth in A Metropolian City”. Diabetes Annual; 1985, 4: 210-218.
Vancelik, S., Onal Gursal, S., Guraksın, A. “Bodyweight Status and Some Related Factors among Students of Ataturk University”. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 2006, 5 (2): 72-82.
Gulec, M., Yabancı, N., Gocgelgi, E., Bakır, B. “Nutritional Habits of Students Living in Two Female Dormitories in Ankara”. Gulhane Journal of Medicine, 2008, 50: 102-109.
Cavadini C, Decarli B, Grin J, Narring F and Michaud P-A. “Food habits and sport activity during adolescence: differences between athletic and non-athletic teenagers in Switzerland”. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000, 54 (Suppl 1) S16-S20.
Tai MM, Castillo PP, Pi- Sunyer FX. “Meal size and frequency: Effect on the thermic Effect of food”. Am J Clin Nutr. 1991; 54 (5): 783-787.
Yaycı, M., Civi, S., Bediz, C. “Gençlerde Beslenme Alışkanlıkları. 3rd Community Health Days”. Kayseri: 96. 1993, Turkey.
Karim, N. “Evaluation of nutritional status among A group of young chinese adults in Kuala Lumpur”, Malaysia. Asia Pacific J Clin Nutr; 2000, 9 (2): 82-86.
Głodek E 1, Gil M. “Evaluation of the nutrition model in students of university in Rzeszow”. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2012; 63 (3): 313-7.
González Carrascosa R1, García Segovia P, Martínez Monzó J. Paper and pencil vs online self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) applied to university population: a pilot study. Nutr Hosp. 2011 Nov-Dec; 26 (6):1378-84. doi: 10.1590/S0212-16112011000600027.
Duman, D. “Nutritional Status and Affecting Factors Of Adolescents Living in a Male Orphanage in Ankara Hacettepe University”, Institute of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetic Program, Unpublished Postgraduta Thesis, 2007, Ankara, Turkey.
Bas, M., Altan, T., Dincer, T., Aran, E., Kaya, H. G. “Yuksek, O. Determination of dietary habits as a risk factor of cardiovascular heart disease in turkish adolescents”. Eur. J. Nutr. Mar; 2005, 44 (3): 174-182.
Yabancı, N. “Detecting Growth And Obesity Status in School-Age Children And Assessment of Effecting Factors”, Hacettepe University, Institute of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetic Program, Unpublished Doctorate Thesis, 2004, Ankara, Turkey.
Gumus, H. “Determining the relationship between Nutritional Status, Physical Activities and Health, Body Compositions of Adolescents Living in Orphanages”. Gazi University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Department of Household Economy and Nutrition Education, Unpublished Doctorate Thesis, 2009, Ankara, Turkey.
Baysal, A. Beslenme. Hatipoglu Publishing House, 2004, Ankara, Turkey.
Pinto, P. “Folate intake in a Portuguese female student population and its relation to body mass index, physical activity level and intake of other nutrients”. Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism 8 (2015): 75-83 doi:10.3233/MNM-150031.
Alanyalı, M. “Examining Of 13-18 year-old Female and Male Groups Living in Orphanages in terms of Nutrition and Growth development”, Hacettepe University, Community Healt Program, Unpublished Postgraduate Thesis, 1990, Ankara, Turkey.
Cetinkaya A. “A Survey of the Consumption Habits of Milk and Milk Products among the Students in Kafkas University”, Ataturk University Vet. Sci. Journal., 5 (2): 73-84, 2010.