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Implication of Cultural Factors in Spatial Patterns of Stunting among the Three Main Frafra Groups in Upper East Region of Ghana
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 37-43
Received: Jan. 7, 2014; Published: Feb. 20, 2014
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Authors
Christopher Sormiteyema Boatbil, Department of Liberal Studies, School of Applied Sciences and Arts, Bolgatanga Polytechnic, Ghana
Chris Bambey Guure, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
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Abstract
Background: Child malnutrition is a public health problem in Ghana. Focused on three sub-districts of Gurene, Talensi and Nabdam in the Upper East Region of Ghana, this study examines how cultural factors occasion spatial patterns of stunting. Method: A questionnaire for 300 respondents were equally shared among sub-districts. Result: The study indicates significant spatial differences as Nabdam was very high (50%), Talensi high (37%) and Gurene (21%). Also, children of single mothers were better nourished followed by children of widows and those married. For all well-nourished children 43.4% lived in the Gurene area, 32% in Talensi area and 24.6% in Nabdam area. Factors such as ethnicity, religion, number per siblings and number of (women) were found to significantly contribute either directly or indirectly to stunting levels. Conclusion: The study found out that, there is enough evidence indicating that significant variations of under-five stunting exist among the three main sub-ethnic groups. All the variables under study had positive correlations with stunting among children under five years of age. However, the effects of these factors on stunting were enhanced by other factors including mothers’ education and age.
Keywords
Malnutrition, Children, Stunting, Sub-Districts, Gurene, Talensis, Nabdams
To cite this article
Christopher Sormiteyema Boatbil, Chris Bambey Guure, Implication of Cultural Factors in Spatial Patterns of Stunting among the Three Main Frafra Groups in Upper East Region of Ghana, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2014, pp. 37-43. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140302.14
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