Effect of an Interventional Program on Pregnant Women’s Knowledge and Attitude Toward Mode of Delivery at Beni -Suef City, Egypt
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 135-140
Received: Jan. 3, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 13, 2017; Published: Feb. 27, 2017
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Safaa Soliman Ahmed Mohamed, Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Nursing Faculty, Beni-sueif University, Beni-Suef City, Egypt
Hanan Fawzy Elsayed Ali, Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Nursing Faculty, Helwan University, Helwan City, Egypt
Abeer Mohammed Elmaghawry, Community and Family Health Nursing, Nursing Faculty, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef City, Egypt
Eman Hessien Heggy, Medical Surgical Nursing, Nursing Faculty, Mansoura University, Mansoura City, Egypt
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Background: The rate of caesarean section (CS) has been increasing among women in Egypt, However, it is selected by pregnant women without medical rationales and justification, thus the wrong concepts and knowledge can play a role on decision for selecting CS as the easier mode of delivery. Aim: To evaluate the effect of an interventional program on pregnant women’s knowledge and attitude toward mode of delivery at Beni -Suef city. Methods: A quasi-experimental research design was used in this study composed of 287 primiparous women with normal pregnancy at 34–36 weeks of gestational age and with no indication to cesarean section was selected from antenatal clinic at Beni Suef general Hospital. The study was conducted from April to September 2016. Data collection tools: a structured interview questionnaires part I, Socio- demographic characteristics, part II; Knowledge Test regarding mode of delivery, and part III, Attitude Test regarding normal and cesarean delivery. Results: the study findings was reported that significantly higher total scores of pregnant women’s knowledge (P=0.00) toward caesarian section after intervention compared with before intervention program. As regard to attitude of women toward cesarean section significantly decreased scores indicating lower positive attitude to cesarean section after intervention (P=0.00). Conclusion: based on the study findings and Hypothesis there were improvement of pregnant women’s knowledge toward the mode of delivery. Recommendations: Based on the results study recommended that urgent preventive measures should be taken to reduce the high rate of cesarean deliveries by improving women’s knowledge toward the advantage and disadvantage for different modes of delivery which can lead to positive attitude.
Knowledge, Attitude, Vaginal Delivery, Caesarian Section, Educational Program
To cite this article
Safaa Soliman Ahmed Mohamed, Hanan Fawzy Elsayed Ali, Abeer Mohammed Elmaghawry, Eman Hessien Heggy, Effect of an Interventional Program on Pregnant Women’s Knowledge and Attitude Toward Mode of Delivery at Beni -Suef City, Egypt, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2017, pp. 135-140. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20170602.18
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