Determinants of Substance Abuse among Commercial Bus Drivers in Kano Metropolis, Kano State, Nigeria
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 125-130
Received: Dec. 20, 2016;
Accepted: Dec. 29, 2016;
Published: Feb. 24, 2017
Views 3553 Downloads 165
Umar Yunusa, Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Umar Lawal Bello, Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Munir Idris, Department of Nursing Services, Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Mahfuz Muhammad Haddad, Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Dalhatu Adamu, Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Umar Lawal Bello,
Mahfuz Muhammad Haddad,
Determinants of Substance Abuse among Commercial Bus Drivers in Kano Metropolis, Kano State, Nigeria, American Journal of Nursing Science.
Vol. 6, No. 2,
2017, pp. 125-130.
Alti, Muazu M., Aliyu, A. A. (2008) Prevalence of psychoactive substance use among commercialmotorcyclists and its health and social consequences in Zaria, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med, 7(2):67-71.
American psychiatric association diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder 4thed. Washington DC American psychiatric association.
Banyard, p. (2005) psychology in practice and health 0-340-84496-5.
Bales, R. F. (2010) cultural differences in the rate of alcoholism. Quarterly journal of studies on alcohol. Newyork: oxford university press.
Bako, M. (2015) interview on the determinants of substance abuse among commercial bus drivers.
Blum, B. & Moore, A. (2006), controlling drugs. An international handbook for psychoactive drug classification. New York: oxford university press.
Ballas, P. (2009) news and features, department of psychiatry, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia.
Bruce, E. (2010) centre for substance abuse treatment screening and assessing adolescents forSubstance use disorders. Treatment improvement protocol (TIP) series, No.31.DHHS publication No. (SMA) 99-3282.
Chisholm M. & Naci A. (2008) how do dopamine and neurons represent positive and negative Motivational events? National institute of health, 459,837-841.
Centre for Disease Control and prevention Newsroom (CDC) Press Release June 3, 2010.
Dele, A. (july 11 2015): drug abuse, the Nations newspaper. Page 25.
Darryl S and William, (2009)"Uppers, Downers, All-Arounders: Physical and Mental Effects of. Psychoactive Drugs"; kamar New York.
Drummer, D., (2010). Drug use and addiction: evolutionary perspective. Australianand NewZealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43(11) 1049-1056.
Drobes, D. J. (2005). Concurrent Alcohol and Tobacco Dependence. National Institute of Alcohol
Abuse and Alcoholism. Retrieved on 20 sept., 2015 from: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh26-2/136-142.htm
Durant D. (2009). Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Substance Abuse. American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington D.C.
Davey S. M. & Richard k. (2005). Relapse and Recovery: Behavioral Strategies for Change. Excellence in Addiction Treatment. Pg. 1-24.
Darryl E. & William F. (2010) mental and physical effect of psychoactive drugs.
Department of Education's Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Program (SDFSP), 2010
Ekpenyong, S. N. (2012). Drug Abuse in Nigerian Schools: A Study of Selected Secondary Institutions in Bayelsa State, South-South, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, 5(3), 260-268. Retrieved [25/07/2015] http://www.ijsre.com.
Essien, F. (2010) drug use and abuse among students in tertiary institutions. [electronic version], journal of research in national development, 8(2), 23-26.
Everitt, B. J. & Robbins T. W. (2005). Neural Systems of Reinforcement for Drug Addiction: From Actions to Habits to Compulsion. Nature Neuroscience, 8(11) 1481-1489.
Goode, E. (2014) Deviant Behaviour, Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
Heyman, G. M., (2009). Resolving the Contradictions of Addiction. Behavioural and Brain Sciences 19 (4): 561-610.
Hayman M. (2005). The dopamine hypothesis of drug addiction: hypo dopaminergic state. International Review of Neurobiology, 62.101-153.http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/363/1507/3113/F1.expansion.html.
Idowu, F. (21st January 2014); Kano tops drug abuse chart Nigeria Vanguard Newspaper. P 33.
Jiloha R. C. (2009) Social and Cultural Aspects of Drug Abuse in Adolescents Department of Psychiatry, MAMC & GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi 110002.
Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2011). Motivationing the future national results on adolescent drug use: overview of key findings Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.
Levinthal, C. F. (2010). Drugs, Behaviour, and Modern Society. Allyn and Bacon, Boston.
Lynch BS. and Bonnie RJ. Growing up tobacco free 2007: Preventing nicotine addiction in children and youths. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Moses V. D., (2010). The Role of Dopamine in Human Addiction: From Reward to Motivated Attention. European Journal of Pharmacology, 526(1-3).
Moses k. (2010) prevalence of drug abuse among undergraduate students of university of IlorinKausar press; Ibadan Nigeria.
Nutt, D.; King, L. A.; Saulsbury, W.; Blakemore, C. (2010). "Development of a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs of potential misuse". The Lancet: 1047–1053.
National Drug law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA, 2011) Report on incidence of drug abuse in Nigeria.
National Institute on Drug Abuse, (NIODA, 2013) Drugs and their effect. Washington DC USA.
National Survey on Drug Use and Health [NSDUH] 2013). U.S.A.
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2005). Module 10F: Immigrants, refugees and alcohol. In NIAAA: Social work education for the prevention and treatment of alcohol use disorders (NIH publication). Washington, D. C.
Parrot, A. (2006). Understanding Drugs and Behaviour. John Wiley & Sons: England.
Rockville, MD (2005) Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. “The Science of Addiction: Simplified,” Substance Abuse in Brief. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration,( 2013) National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings, NSDUH Series H-48, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4863. Rockville, MD.
Severson H. H. and Lichtenstein. Drug abuse Prevention Programmes for Adolescents: Rationale and Review. In: Krasnegor N and Cataldo M (Eds) Child Health and Behaviour, New York, Miley, 200.
Synder HN, Sickmund M. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2010 National Report. Washington, DC: National Center for Juvenile Justice.
Schuckit, M. A. (2010). Low level of response to alcohol as a predictor of futurealcoholism. American Journal of Psychiatry 151, 184–189.
Substance Abuse and Mental health Service Administration [SAMHSA’s].
Safe and Drug Free Schools Control Policy (SDFCP).
Taole k. (2009) research methodology: understanding research 2nd edition campus press. India.
The 2014 Global Drug Survey (GDS2014).
United Nations Office on drugs and crime. (2012). World Drug Report issue (E.12.XI.1). Newyork: United Nations publication.
United nations educational scientific and cultural organization (unesco, 2007) Kano city Nigeria.
Winters KC. (2009) Treating Adolescents with Substance Use Disorders: An Overview of Practice Issues and Treatment Outcome. Substance Abuse; 20 (4): 203-225.
West, Robert. (2005). Theory of Addiction. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.
World health organization (WHO, 2011). Global survey on substance abuse.