Determinants of Substance Abuse among Commercial Bus Drivers in Kano Metropolis, Kano State, Nigeria
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 125-130
Received: Dec. 20, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 29, 2016; Published: Feb. 24, 2017
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Umar Yunusa, Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Umar Lawal Bello, Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Munir Idris, Department of Nursing Services, Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Mahfuz Muhammad Haddad, Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
Dalhatu Adamu, Department of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria
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Background: The use of illicit substances among commercial bus drivers is not only increasing but strangelypredisposing the drivers and their passengers to health hazards. There is however paucity of empirical data on the factors associated with this increase. Aim: This study was conducted to explore the determinants of substance abuse among commercial bus drivers in Kano Metropolis, Kano state, Nigeria. Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional design was used for the study where by 196 respondents were selected through a multi-stage cluster sampling technique. A validated and structured interviewer administered questionnaire (IAQ) was used to collect data from the eligible respondents. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Results: Findings from the study showed that eight out of every ten (81.1%) of the respondents has ever abused a substance. The desires to relax/sleep after a hard days job (84.8%), work hard (48%), relieve stress (81%), relieve anxiety (66.5%) and pleasure (72%) are the major factors associated with the abuse of substances by the respondents. The most commonly abused substances by the respondents include solution (93.3%) coffee (85.2%), Tramadol (80.6%), local stimulant tea (Gadagi) (78.1%), cola-nut (66.3%) and tobacco (65%), Substance abuse can be reduced by controlling the production and sale of commonly abused substance (27.6%). Conclusion: The major determinants of substance abuse among commercial bus drivers are the desires to work hard, relieve of stress and anxiety. It is therefore recommended that Government should control the production, supply and sale of these illicit substances.
Determinants, Substance, Abuse, Bus Drivers, Commercial
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Umar Yunusa, Umar Lawal Bello, Munir Idris, Mahfuz Muhammad Haddad, Dalhatu Adamu, Determinants of Substance Abuse among Commercial Bus Drivers in Kano Metropolis, Kano State, Nigeria, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2017, pp. 125-130. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20170602.16
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