Psychosocial Rehabilitation of Disability
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 78-83
Received: Jan. 18, 2015; Accepted: Jan. 20, 2015; Published: Feb. 8, 2015
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Author
Tsaloglidou Areti, Nursing Department, ATEI, Thessaloniki, Greece
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Abstract
Introduction: Disability may be a consequence of deformations or developmental failures or the result of functional damages or traumatic effects of the posture or motion systems. There are also "social factors" that contribute to its definition, as the everyday life of the disabled is getting worst due mainly to the existing situation. The integration of these persons into the society should be a major objective of the health care sector. Αim: This retrospective study examines the contribution of psychosocial support for people with disabilities in the restoration and promotion of their health. It strives to contribute to their socialization and their acceptance by the community in which they live and work. Material and Method: An extensive review of the recent Greek and International literature was conducted in electronic databases (Pubmed, Google scholar, Scopus) and in scientific journals. Results: The concept of "autonomous living" is a key element for the achievement of the full participation of people with disabilities in real life. The concept of adaptation, which emphasizes the elimination of indirect barriers that appear in activities of everyday life and the principle of equality which is based on the dynamic of equal opportunities, are also vital components of the psychosocial rehabilitation of the disabled. Equalization involves the procedure and the steps needed for the equalization of opportunities for individuals and groups, for the employment and social protection. The equal inclusion and participation of persons with disabilities in cultural activities as well as relief and support services should be available to families who have a disabled person. The consideration of the issues concerning people with disabilities should not be separate from the policy planning mechanism, but as an integral part of it. Equal opportunities are not a formulation which can be applied everywhere in the same way. They are a series of principles that each country might apply its own way and within its own policy. Conclusions: The recognition that the environment itself can contribute to or enhance the nature or the intensity of the effects of a disability, is a challenge for today’s society that has the responsibility to reduce and where possible to remedy the consequences of the disability.
Keywords
Disability, Psychosocial Support, Rehabilitation
To cite this article
Tsaloglidou Areti, Psychosocial Rehabilitation of Disability, American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue:Mental Health Care: Aspects, Challenges and Perspectives. Vol. 4, No. 2-1, 2015, pp. 78-83. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.s.2015040201.24
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