American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 78-83
Received: Jan. 18, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 20, 2015;
Published: Feb. 8, 2015
Views 3206 Downloads 131
Tsaloglidou Areti, Nursing Department, ATEI, Thessaloniki, Greece
Introduction: Disability may be a consequence of deformations or developmental failures or the result of functional damages or traumatic effects of the posture or motion systems. There are also "social factors" that contribute to its definition, as the everyday life of the disabled is getting worst due mainly to the existing situation. The integration of these persons into the society should be a major objective of the health care sector. Αim: This retrospective study examines the contribution of psychosocial support for people with disabilities in the restoration and promotion of their health. It strives to contribute to their socialization and their acceptance by the community in which they live and work. Material and Method: An extensive review of the recent Greek and International literature was conducted in electronic databases (Pubmed, Google scholar, Scopus) and in scientific journals. Results: The concept of "autonomous living" is a key element for the achievement of the full participation of people with disabilities in real life. The concept of adaptation, which emphasizes the elimination of indirect barriers that appear in activities of everyday life and the principle of equality which is based on the dynamic of equal opportunities, are also vital components of the psychosocial rehabilitation of the disabled. Equalization involves the procedure and the steps needed for the equalization of opportunities for individuals and groups, for the employment and social protection. The equal inclusion and participation of persons with disabilities in cultural activities as well as relief and support services should be available to families who have a disabled person. The consideration of the issues concerning people with disabilities should not be separate from the policy planning mechanism, but as an integral part of it. Equal opportunities are not a formulation which can be applied everywhere in the same way. They are a series of principles that each country might apply its own way and within its own policy. Conclusions: The recognition that the environment itself can contribute to or enhance the nature or the intensity of the effects of a disability, is a challenge for today’s society that has the responsibility to reduce and where possible to remedy the consequences of the disability.
Psychosocial Rehabilitation of Disability, American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue: Mental Health Care: Aspects, Challenges and Perspectives.
Vol. 4, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 78-83.
Babiniotis GD, editors. Dictionary of the modern Greek language, 2nd ed [in Greek]. Kifisia: Center Lexicology, 2002.
Zoniou-Sideri A. The disabled and their education: an psychoeducational approach to integration, Athens: Pedio, 2011 (improved version).
World Health Organization. Disability and health, 2014. Available from www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs352/en/index.html
U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Disability Statistics and Information, 2013. Published: 2013-05-29 - Revised: 2013-07-10. Available from http://www.disabled world.com/disability/statistics/info.php#sthash.zoUq8W3q.dpuf)
American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Intellectual Disability: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Supports, 2010. 11th ed. Available from http://www.aaidd.org/media/PDFs/CoreSlide.pdf.
Hedlund M. Disability as a phenomenon: a discourse of social and biological understandings. Disability and Society 2000; 15(5):765-780.
Barnes, C. and Oliver, M. 1993. Disability: a sociological phenomenon ignored by sociologists. Unpublished manuscript accessed on 11th November, 2003: http://www.leeds.ac.uk/disability-studies/archiveuk/index.html.
Barnes, C. The social model of disability: A sociological phenomenon ignored by sociologists. The disability reader: Social science perspectives, 1998, 65-78.
Kourkouta L, Varsamidis K, Lavdaniti M. Communication skills during the clinical examination of the patients. Progress in Health Sciences, 2013; 3 (1): 119-122.
Dellasoudas, L.C. Introduction to special pedagogy: Quality of life of people with disabilities: Index of social inclusion and Integration. Athens: Private publication, 2006.
Lemay, R. A Review of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, United Nations Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development. SRV-VRS: The International Social Role Valorization Journal, 1994: 1(2); 47-51.
United Nations Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities. Disabilities and rehabilitation, 1993. Available from http://www.who.int/disabilities/policies/standard_rules/en/
Zoniou Sideri A. The disabled and their integration. Athens: Hellenic letters, 2000.
Stasinos D. The Special Education in Greece: Beliefs, Institutions and Practices: State and Private Initiative 1906-1989, 2nd ed. Athens: Gutenberg, 2001.
Yang, Y. How Does Functional Disability Affect Depressive Symptoms in Late Life? The Role of Perceived Social Support and Psychological Resources. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 2006; 47(4): 355-372.
Iatridis D. Designing Social Policy, Theory and practice of social planning, Athens: Gutenberg, 2000.
Oliver M. ‘From disabling a supportive environments’. In Oliver M. (ed) Social Work- Disabled People and Disabling Environments. London: Jessica Kingsley, 1991.
Metts RL. Disability issues, trends and recommendations for the World Bank. Washington, DC, World Bank, 2000.
Hales G. Beyond Disability -Towards an enabling society. London: Sage, 1996.
National Federation of persons with disabilities. Action Programme NCDP for the period 2000-2002. Available from:
Yfantopoulos C. "Disability and Social Exclusion in the European Union. Time to Change tools to change". Under the Auspices of the European Disability Forum. The European Commission, Athens, 2002.
Kourkouta L, Rufu A, Fradelos E. Special Education in Greece. 13rd National Nursing Conference PASYNO-NHS. Arachova, 23-25 November 2012.
Ministry of Finance. Persons with disabilities, 2001. Available from: www.westerngreece.gr/downloads/amea.doc
Ministry of Interior Public Administration, General Directorate of Administration and Decentralization, General Secretariat of Public Administration and electronic government. General Directorate of Administrative organization and procedures. Citizens guide of disabled, National Printing Office. Athens, March 2007. Available from: https://dasta.auth.gr/uploaded_files/635188154591417260.pdf.
Tsitsis N, Chrysomallis M, Kourkouta L. Protection children from exploitation. Progress in Health Sciences, 2013: 3 (2); 119-122.
Kourkouta L, Papathanasiou I, Rarra A, Kleisiaris C. The Impacts of Childhood Epilepsy in School Children. Journal of Scientific Research & Reports, 2014: 3 (13): 1798- 1804.
Kourkouta L, Papathanasiou I. Communication in Nursing Practice. Mater Sociomed. 2014 Feb; 26 (1): 66-68
Heather S. United Nations convention on the rights of persons with disabilities: a roadmap for change. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 2012; 25 (5): 365-369.
Jones L, Bellis MA, Wood S, Hughes K, McCoy E, Eckley L, Bates G, Mikton C, Shakespeare T, Officer A. Prevalence and risk of violence against children with disabilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. The Lancet, 2012; 380 (9845): 899–907.
Demol A, Knoll J, Elseviers M, Harrington M, De Vos J-Y, Zampieron A, Ormandy P, Kafkia T. “Paediatric access care in Europe: results of the Paediatric Access Care (PAC) Project”. EDTNA/ERCA Journal,2006; XXXII: 1, 57-62.