The Value and Contribution of Foster Families in the Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill
Introduction: The family is the first place where the values, principles and standards are instilled and absorbed. It is the main natural support system for the member who suffers from a serious mental disorder and it can play an important role in the progress and development of mental illness. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the institution of the foster families in Greece, since it is considered innovative for the institutionalization of the mentally ill within the psychiatric reform. Material and method: Literature search from electronic databases Scopus, Ebsco, Pubmed, Wiley, was performed and 31 articles by Greek and foreign literature were isolated and studied. Information from EKEPSYE was sought as well as the testimony of responsible programs in Greece. A study was made on Programs of foster families, as well as analysis and an analysis of experience thus giving useful practices of Greece as well as abroad. Results: The placement and the staying of chronic patients under the care of foster families, provided that they continued their treatment, can help prevent relapses, as well as hospitalization. It can also improve the quality of life of the patient, reduce the cost of services. Thus enhancing the functioning of the patient as to become able in future to lead a more independent lifestyle. Conclusions: The institution of psychiatric reform and the principles are the basis for the development and implementation of foster families, with a view to the de-institutionalization of the mentally ill and a healthy transition into the community.
The Value and Contribution of Foster Families in the Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill, American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue:Mental Health Care: Aspects, Challenges and Perspectives.
Vol. 4, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 31-36.
Spencer, R., Collins, M. E., Ward, R., & Smashnaya, S. Mentoring for young people leaving foster care: Promise and potential pitfalls. Social Work.2010; 55(3): 225–234.
Steadman HJ, Mulvey EP, Monahan J, Robbins PC, Appelbaum PS, Grisso T, Roth LH, Silver E. Violence by people discharged from acute psychiatric inpatient facilities and by others in the same neighborhoods. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry1998; 55: 393–401.
Regional Health Board, Montreal (2004). Statistiques: re´partition des ressources d’he´bergement par e´tablissement gestionnaire pour Montreal et environs. Montreal, Quebec: Regie re´gionale de Montre´al-Centre.
Madianos MG. Psychosocial rehabilitation (From Asylum to community). Greek Letters Publishing. Athens 1994.
Damigos D.Social psychiatry in Greece, deinstitutionalization and her relation with primarily care. Papazisis publishing. Athens 2003.
Papageorgiou – Vasilopoulou. Social and community mental health nursing. Beta publishing, Athens 2000.
Madianos MG. Community psychiatry and community mental hygiene. Kastaniotis. Athens 2000.
Jackie L Goldstein, Ph.D.Marc, M. L. Godemont, M.A. The Legend and Lessons of Geel, Belgium: A 1500-Year-Old Legend,a 21st-Century. Model Community Mental Health Journal. 2003; 39( 5):441-458.
Roosens, E. Mental patients in town life: Geel—Europe’s first therapeutic community. Sage Publications. London 1979
Srole, L. The Geel family care research project: Introduction. Paper presented at The International Symposium on Foster Family Care, Geel, May, 1975 Belgium.
Cowan, C., & Cowan, P. Interventions to ease the transition to parenthood: Why they are needed and what they can do. Family Relations.1995; 44(4):412-423.
Holtan, A., Ronning, J., Handegard, B., & Sourander, A. (2005). A comparison of mental health problems in kinship and non kinship foster care. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.2005;14: 200–207.
Shain, R. F. & Phillips, J. The stigma of mental illness: Labeling and stereotyping in the news. In L. Wilkins and P. Peterson (Eds.), Risky business: Communicating Issues of Science, Risk and Public Policy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press 1991: 61–74.
Stein, L. Work and social support: A comparison of consumers who have achieved stability in ACT and clubhouse programs. Community Mental Health Journal.1999; 35 (2):193–204.
Linn, M., Klett, C. J., & Caffey, E. Foster home characteristics and psychiatric patient outcome: The wisdom of Geel confirmed. Archives of General Psychiatry.1980; 37:129 – 132.
Schrijvers, J. Steadman, H. J., Mulvey, E. P., Monahan, J., Robbins, P.C., Appelbaum, P. S., Grisso, T., Roth, Why a congress about foster family care in Geel? Paper presented at The International Scientific Congress.2000 Geel, Belgium.
O’Driscoll, C., & Leff, J. The TAPS Project: Design of the research study on the long-stay patients. British Journal of Psychiatry.1993;162 (Suppl. 19): 18 – 24.
Scannapieco M, Painter KR. Barriers to Implementing a Mentoring Program for Youth in Foster Care: Implications for Practice and Policy Innovation. Springer .New York 2013
Corbie`re, M., Lesage, A., Reinharz, D., & Contandriopoulos, A-P. A French abridged version of the Hospitals and Hostels Practices Profile Schedule. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research.2001;10:183 – 190.
DuBois, D. L., Doolittle, F., Yates, B. T., Silverthorn, N., & Tebes, J. K. Research methodology and youth mentoring. Journal of Community Psychology.2006;34(6):657–676.
Grossman, J. B., & Rhodes, J. E. The test of time: Predictors and effects of duration in youth mentoring relationships. American Journal of Community Psychology.2000; 30(2):199–219.
Rhodes, J. E., Haight, W. L., & Briggs, E. C. The influence of mentoring on the peer relationships of foster youth in relative and nonrelative care. Journal of Research on Adolescence.2000; 9(2): 185–201.
Swartz, M. S., Swanson, J. W., Hiday, V. A., Borum, R., Wagner, H. R., & Burns, B. J.Violence and severe mental illness: The effects of substance abuse and non adherence to medication. Am. J. Psychiatry. 1998;155:226-231.
Piat M, Ricard N, Sabetti J, Beauvais L. The values and qualities of being a good helper: a qualitative study of adult foster home caregivers for persons with serious mental illness. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(8):1418-29.
Laan N M A, Loots G M P,Janssen C G C, Stolk J.«Foster care for children with mental retardation and challenging behaviour: A follow-up study. 2001;47(92):3-13
Reid JB, Eddy JM, Fetrow RA, Stoolmiller M. Description and immediate impacts of a preventive intervention for conduct problems. American Journal of Community Psychology.1999; 27: 483–517.
Piat M, Ricard N, Lesage A. Evaluating life in foster homes for persons with serious mental illness: Resident and caregiver perspectives. 2006;15(2): 227-242
Tomaras V, Papageorgiou M, Soldatou M, Gournelis P. Towards to reintegration of the chronic mentally ill: Apilot foster home program. Psychiatry.2006;16(3):217-225.
Glisson C, Green P. The role of specialty mental health care in predicting child welfare and juvenile justice out-of-home placements. Research on Social Work Practice.2006;16:480–490.
Charmaz K. Constructing grounded theory: A practical guide through qualitative analysis. Sage. Thousand Oaks 2006.
DuBois DL, Holloway B E, Valentine JC, Cooper H. Effectiveness of mentoring programs for youth: A meta-analytic review. American Journal of Community Psychology.2000;30(2): 157–197.
BAZALIA F. Alternative Psychiatry.Ed & Transalation Astrinakis G. Kastianiotis Publishing, Athens 2008.
Shanahan MJ. Pathways to adulthood in changing societies: Variability and mechanisms in life course perspective. Annual Review of Sociology.2000; 26:667–692.
Sobel M E. Asymptotic confidence intervals for indirect effects in structural equation models. In S. Leinhart (Ed.) Sociological methodology (pp. 290–312). Jossey-Bass. San Francisco 1982
Pierloot RA, Demarsin M. Significance of Geel foster family care to patients in a psychiatric hospital. Paper presented at The International Symposium on Foster Family Care,1975. Geel, Belgium.