Effect of Instruction with Visual Materials Based on Health Belief Model on Global Warming Perception Among University Students
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 209-217
Received: Mar. 11, 2017;
Accepted: Mar. 21, 2017;
Published: Apr. 11, 2017
Views 1667 Downloads 105
Samia Ali El-Nagar, Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Shibin Elkom, Egypt
Entsar Abd El Aleem Abd Elsalam, Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Shibin Elkom, Egypt
Naglaa Abd El-Mawgoud Ahmed, Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Shibin Elkom, Egypt
Global warming is one of the most critical environmental problems of 21thcentury. It is not only environmental hazard but also social and economic risk and unfortunately some adverse consequences of it are becoming visible these days. Therefore, it is a great importance for educating people and making them aware of this problem. The study was aimed to examine the effect of instruction with visual materials based on health belief model on global warming perception among university students. Quasi experimental design with pre and post-test was utilized. This study was conducted at six faculties from both scientific and literary faculties in Shebin Elkom City at Menoufia University. Systematic random sample consisted of 360 university students including 144 males and 216 females aged between 18 to 22 years old who enrolled in the first academic years of both selected scientific and literary faculties in Shebin Elkom City. The following tools were used 1. Self-administered structured questionnaire which involved socio-demographic data and knowledge of university students about global warming. 2. Perception of students about global warming based on health belief model. The main result of this study showed that there was significant improvement in the knowledge and perception of university students' about global warming after instruction with visual materials compared to before instruction. Additionally, there was statistically significant relation between students' knowledge and perception toward global warming. The current study concluded that, instruction with visual materials was effective in improving knowledge and perception of university students about global warming. This result recommended that, the need for developing and establishing of environmental protection education programs to enhance environmental awareness of all students from elementary school to university level.
Samia Ali El-Nagar,
Entsar Abd El Aleem Abd Elsalam,
Naglaa Abd El-Mawgoud Ahmed,
Effect of Instruction with Visual Materials Based on Health Belief Model on Global Warming Perception Among University Students, American Journal of Nursing Science.
Vol. 6, No. 3,
2017, pp. 209-217.
Gul, A., Topay, M., Ozaydin, O., (2009). Against the threat of global warming, the importance of urban forest. In: Paper Presented at the International Davraz Congress, Isparta, Türkiye.
Ozbayrak, O., Uyulgan, M., Alpat, S., Alpat, S. K., Kartal, M., (2011). A research on high school students knowledge related to global warming. Buca Eg˘ itim Faku¨ ltesi Dergisi 29, 58–67.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2013a). Frequently asked questions about global warming and climate change: back to basics. Available at: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/basics/.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2013b). Overview of greenhouse gases Available at: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/gases.html.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2013): Climate Change: The Physical Science Basis - Summary for Policymakers, Observed Changes in the Climate System, p. 15, in IPCC AR5 WG1 2013.
Friel, S., Bowen K., Campbell-Lendrum, D. (2011): Climate change, non-communicable disease, and development: the relationships and common policy opportunities. Ann Rev of Public Health, 32: 133–147.
Mohamed, M. (2009): Environment in Jeopardy: Consequences of climate change in Egypt. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment Vol. 1(5), pp191-195.
Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs (2009). Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency. Achievements and planned activities: environmental education, training and awareness. Available from: http://www.eeaa.gov.eg/english/main/accompl3.asp.
Aydin, F., (2010). Secondary school students’ perceptions towards global warming: a phenomenographic analysis. Sci. Res. Essays 5 (12), 1566–1570.
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). (2013). The emission gas report 2013: A UNEP synthesis. Available at: http://www.unep.org/pdf/UNEPEmissionsGapReport2013.
Skamp, K. R., Boyes, E., Stanisstreet, M., (2009). Global warming responses at the primary secondary interface: 2 potential effectiveness of education. Aust. J. Environ. Educ. 25, 31–44.
Taber, F., Taylor, N., (2009). Climate of concern: A search for effective strategies for teaching children about global warming. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Educ. 4 (2), 97–116.
Kilinc, A., Boyes, E., Stanisstreet, M., (2011). Turkish school students and global warming: beliefs and willingness to act. Eurasia J. Math. Sci. Technol. Educ. 7 (2), 121–134.
Brody, S. D., Vedlitz, A., Grove, R. H. (2008). Examining the relationship between physical vulnerability and public perceptions of global climate change in the United States. Environment and Behavior, 40, 72-95.
Semenza, J. C., Ploubidis, G. B., & George, L. A. (2011). Climate change and climate variability: personal motivation for adaptation and mitigation. Environmental Health, 10: 46.
Biesbroek GRSR, Knaap GM van der (2008): The mitigation-adaptation dichotomy and the role of spatial planning. Habitat International 33: 230-237.
Canadian Nurses Association (2006). The Ecosystem, the Natural Environment, and Health and Nursing: A Summary of the Issues. CNA Backgrounder. Available at: www.can-aiic.ca.
Hunt, G. (2007). Global Warming and the Future of Healthcare and Nursing. Royal College of Nurses Annual Congress.
Ashaver, D., Igyuve, S., (2013): The use of audio-visual materials in the teaching and learning processes in Colleges of Education in Benue State-Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) Volume 1, Issue 6 PP 44-55.
World Health Organization. (2005) Climate and Health: Fact Sheet. Geneva.
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). (2011). An introduction to Climate Change retrieved on 9-2015. Available at: http://www.nrdc.org/climate/default.asp.
Arslan, S., (2012). The Influence of environment education on critical thinking and environmental attitude. Proc. Social Behav. Sci. 55, 902–909.
MacMillan A, (2016): Global Warming101. Available at https://www.nrdc.org/stories/global-warming-101 Retrived, February 27, 2017.
Chakraborty D, Mondal T., Mojumdar D., Naskar N. N. (2015): An intervention Study on Knowledge of Global Warming among School Students of Kolkata, West Bengal, India. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS (e-ISSN: 2279-0853, p-ISSN: 2279-0861. Volume 14, Issue 12 Ver. IX (Dec. 2015), PP 01-04.
Gutierrez K. (2016): Investigating the Climate Change Beliefs, Knowledge, Behaviors, and Cultural Worldviews of Rural Middle School Students and their Families During An Out-of-School Intervention: A Mixed-Methods Study. A dissertation submitted to the Graduate Faculty of North Carolina State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Cao Z., Chen Y. & Wang S. (2014): Health belief model based evaluation of school health education programme for injury prevention among high school students in the community context. BMC Public Health. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-26.
Reza T., Hossein D., Fateme R., Gholami F. (2016): Efficacy of HBM-Based Dietary Education Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior in Medical Students. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. Vol. 18 Issue 11, p1-7. 7p.
Akompab D. Bi P., Williams S., Grant J., Walker I & Augoustinos M. (2013): Heat Waves and Climate Change: Applying the Health Belief Model to Identify Predictors of Risk Perception and Adaptive Behaviors\ in Adelaide, Australia. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2013 Jun; 10 (6): 2164–2184.
Freije A, Hussain T, Salman E, (2015): Global warming awareness among the University of Bahrain science students. Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. The article in press.
AbuQamar, S., Alshannag, Q., Sartawi, A., Iratni, R. (2015): Educational awareness of biotechnology issues among undergraduate students at the United Arab Emirates University. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Educ. 43 (4), 283–293.
Cardwell F, (2011): Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices Of Global Environmental Change And Health: Toward Sustainable Behaviour Change? A thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree master of arts. McMaster University.