Assessment of Nurse’s Perception Towards Their Profession and Factors Affecting It in Debre Berhan Town Governmental Health Institution, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 297-304
Received: Sep. 6, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 7, 2015;
Published: Nov. 3, 2015
Views 4321 Downloads 111
Mikiyas Amare Getu, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Addis Adera Gebru, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
Bogale Eshete Semaw, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Background: Nursing is a health care profession, which is focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities; so that they can attain, maintain, or recover optimum health. Nursing care is given for individuals of all age groups and different cultural backgrounds who are healthy and ill in a holistic manner based on the individual's physical, emotional, psychological, intellectual, social, and spiritual needs. Objective: To assess Nurses’ Perception and towards Nursing profession and factors affecting it in Debre Birhan town governmental health institutions, Debre Berhan Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based quantitative cross sectional study design was used to assess nurse’s perception and related factors among professional nurses. Convenience sampling method was used to select 105 intended study participants from Debre Berhan Referral Hospital and Debre Berhan town governmental health centers. Data collection was carried out using structured questionnaire. The collected data was entered using SPSS version 20.00 for further analysis. Odds ratio was calculated for related factors with 95% confidence interval (CI). A p-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Out of 105 sample respondents 103 agreed to participate with the response rate of 98.1%. More than half of nurses 54(52.4%) were females and 49(47.6%) were males. More than half of nurses 54(52.4%) had good perception towards nursing. A significant Association was seen between monthly income level and perception of nursing (P < 0.05). In addition monthly income and perception of important aspects of nursing had shown an association. Conclusion: Majority of nurses who participated in this study had good perception towards nursing. More than half of participants want to migrate to other countries for good career opportunity. Majority of nurses had an intention to leave their profession with the main cause of low salary. Occupational factors (salary) were identified as a leading factor which affects perception.
Mikiyas Amare Getu,
Addis Adera Gebru,
Bogale Eshete Semaw,
Assessment of Nurse’s Perception Towards Their Profession and Factors Affecting It in Debre Berhan Town Governmental Health Institution, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia, American Journal of Nursing Science.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2015, pp. 297-304.
Mundinger, marry. (1998).“nursing carer opportunities” in the pfizer guide: nursing carer opportunities. New York: NY: Pfizer, Inc.
A. S. Hornbey, 2000, The Advanced learner’s Dictionary of Current English, 6th edition, Oxford University press, p 864.
Lewis M, Urmston J. Flogging the dead horse: the myth of nursing empowerment? Journal of Nursing Management. 2000; 8: 209–13. [PubMed].
Wynd C., Current Factors Contributing to Professionalism in Nursing, 2003, Accessed on january 25, 2013, www.elsevier.com/locate/ijnurstu.
Jamie White. The image of nursing: what it is and how it needs to change, Jones & Bartlett Learning 86-106.
Degazon CE, Shaw HK. Urban high school students' perceptions of nursing as a career choice. J Natl Black Nurses Assoc 2007; Jul; 18(1):8-13.
Brodie D., Andrewa G., Andrews J., et al, perception of nursing, International Journal of Studies, February 26, 2004, Accessed on October 5, 2010,www.elsevier.com/locate/ijnurstu.
Wikipedia, Nursing shortage, 2009, accessedon, January 25, 2013, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nursing_shortage.
Solidarity research institute, Nursing shortage in south Africa, 2009, accessed on January 25, 2013, www.miningweekly.com/attachment.php.
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministory of health, Health and health related indictors, Berhanenaselam publishing press, 2000/01(E.C), p 24, 2001.
Lisa M. pugsley. Poster presentation: nurses attitude towards their profession. waters edge ballroom, Hilton Waikoloa village, jul: 2005.
Wikipidia, Debrebirhan, 2012, accessedonmarch2, 2013, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debre_Berhan.
Watson R., Deary I., Hoogbruin A., et. al. Perception of nursing, International Journal of Nursing Studies, June 24, 2002, Accessed on January 25, 2013, www.elsevier.com/locate/ijnurstu.
Prudence Portia et’al, Psychosocial factors influencing the perception and choice of nursing as a profession: A study at Korle- Bu nurses’ training college, Science publishing group, 2012, http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/pbs
Donelan K., Desroches C., Dutwin D., public perception of nursing careers, 2008, accessed on October 18, 2010, http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle.
Foskett, N. H. & Hemsley-Brown, J. V. (1997). Career Perceptions and Decision-Making Retrieved September 23, 2008, from http:// www. hartgallery. org. uk/ journalsite/ capdemsum. DOC.
Mkhize, S. & Nzimande, S. (2007). Career Choices in Relation to Nursing: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study Investigating the Career Choices of School Leavers in Relation to Nursing, and What Influences These Choices. Durban: Health Systems Trust. Retrieved September 23, 2008, from Http// www.hst.org.za/uploads/files/nursingcareer.pdf.
Romem, P. & Anson, O. (2005). Israeli men in nursing: social and personal motive, Journal of Nursing Management, 13(2), 173-178.
Hephzibah alexander 2010 upper secondary male students perception of nursin g as a career choice, international journal for the advancement of science &arts, vol. 1, no. 1, 2010 accessed on January 2013 www.ucsi.edu.
G. Hadgu et’al, Assessment of Nurses’ Perceptions and Barriers on Evidence Based Practice in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital Addis Ababa Ethiopia, American journal of nursing science: Science publishing group: 2013.