Gender Inclusiveness in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Programme in KwaZulu-Natal: Male Perspectives
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 280-287
Received: Jun. 12, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 19, 2015; Published: Sep. 24, 2015
Views 3941      Downloads 90
R. M. Miya, Durban University of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Science, Durban, South Africa
T. Mgutshini, University of South Africa, Faculty of Humanities, Tuition Department, Pretoria, South Africa
Article Tools
Follow on us
Background: Most developing and developed countries require PMTCT to preserve humanity and children’s survival. All dynamics around PMTCT implementation seek commitment from all stakeholders at different levels to ensure elimination of new HIV infections in children. In 2010, 48% of pregnant women living with HIV in low and middle income countries (716 500 of 1.49 million) received effective antiretroviral regimens excluding single dose nevarapine. An estimated 35% of pregnant women living with HIV in low and middle countries received an HIV test in 2010, up from 7% in 2005. HAART coverage has increased from 1.48 million infants born to mothers living with HIV to 32% to 42%. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to explore and describe the range of barriers and motivational factors for gender inclusiveness within the (Prevention of mother to child transmission) PMTCT programme in public hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal as perceived by males. Methodology: A qualitative, descriptive, explorative study was conducted through individual interview of males until data saturation. Results: The findings of the study reveal that; males were not aware of their role in the prevention of mother to child transmission and did not feel comfortable to be in the mist of pregnant women. Conclusion: The study recommends intense male recruitment into PMTCT to ensure effective management of HIV in pregnancy and to prevent MTCT. This will ensure a holistic support needed by pregnant women on PMTCT.
To cite this article
R. M. Miya, T. Mgutshini, Gender Inclusiveness in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Programme in KwaZulu-Natal: Male Perspectives, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2015, pp. 280-287. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20150405.15
AED. 2009. Male involvement in PMTCT in Botswana. From: Botswana (accessed 10 March 2012).
Akarro, RRJ, Deonisia, M & Sichona, FJ. 2011. An evaluation of male involvement on the programme for PMTCT of HIV/AIDS: A case study LLala mucipality on Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Arts and Social Sciences Journal 11(20):1-11.
Boniphace, Y. 2009. Willingness and participation toward prevention of mother to child transmission among males of reproductive age. A study from Kilimanjaro- Tanzania. Tanzania Medical Journal 8(9): 23-26.
CDC. 2011. Domestic Violence Fatality Review. From (accessed 10 March 2015).
Creswell, JW. 2009. Research Design: qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Third edition. Lincoln: Sage Publications.
DOH. 2010. Clinical guidelines: PMTCT (Prevention of mother to child transmission). Pretoria: DOH.
DOH. 2010. National Antenatal sentinel HIV and syphilis prevalence survey in South Africa. Pretoria: DOH.
Elo, S. & Kyngäs, H. 2008, ‘The qualitative content analysis process’, Journal of Advanced Nursing 62(1), 107–115.
Elizabeth Glaser Paediatric AIDS foundation. 2011. Male involvement in PMTCT: Reaching men through syphilis testing. Study brief. From: (accessed 10 March 2012).
Elizabeth Glaser Paediatric AIDS foundation. 2009. Working with men to improve PMTCT outcomes. Presentation transcript. From: (accessed 10 March 2012).
Health System Trust. 2011. Risk factors for HIV vary between African cities, need tailored responses. From: mhtm/ (accessed 1 November 2011).
Health System Trust. 2011. Zimbabwe: Rate of male circumcision speeds up. From: mhtm/ (accessed 1 November 2011).
KZNHealth, 2012. PMTCT report. From: (accessed 14 February 2012).
Lemens, CL. 2010. Male partner involvement in PMTCT reduces HIV transmission risk. Journal of AIDS. 1(11): 11-16.
Lincoln, YS & Guba, EG.1985. Naturalistic inquiry. London: Sage.
Mayring, P. 2010. Qualitative content analysis. Journal of Public Health. 60(54):231:236.
Statistics South Africa. 2011. Mid-year population estimates. From: (accessed on 17 May 2013).
Theuring, S, Mbezi, P, Luvanda, H, Harder, BJ, Kunz, A & Harms, G. 2009. Male involvement in PMTCT services in Mbeya Region, Tanzania. Dol Journal 10(1): 1007-1016.
UNAIDS. 2011. Count down to Zero: Global plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive 2011-2015. Geneva.
UNFPA, 2011. Annual report 2011. From: (accessed 3 March 2013)
WHO. 2010. Technical consultation on elimination of Mother to child transmission of HIV. From: (accessed 9 September 2011).
WHO. 2010. Key facts on global HIV epidemic and progress in 2010. Progress report 2011. Geneva: WHO
WHO. 2011. Key facts on global HIV epidemic & progress in 2010. Geneva: WHO publications.
WHO. 2012. MDG5: improve maternal mortality. From: development goals/maternal health (accessed 22 February 2012).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186