Determinants towards Implementation of Nursing Process
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 45-49
Received: Mar. 22, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 3, 2015; Published: Apr. 15, 2015
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Authors
Zewdu Shewangizaw, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arbaminch University, Arbaminch, Ethiopia
Abera Mersha, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arbaminch University, Arbaminch, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Nursing Process is a systematic method which utilizes scientific reasoning, problem solving and critical thinking to direct nurses in caring for patients effectively however, little is known about factors affecting the implementation of nursing process. The study intended to assess factors affecting implementation of nursing process among nurses in Arbaminch General Hospital, Ethiopia. Institutional based cross-sectional study with quantitative data collection through Self-administered pre-tested Semi Structured questionnaire and observational checklist used among randomly selected 105 nurses. Data analysis was done by SPSS version 15 for its objectives. Out of 105 studies 98 were participated in the study with 93.3% response rate. Forty two (42.85%) of the total respondents were working in a stressful working environmental. Thirty five (35.7%) of respondents were challenged to provide their nursing care due to patients inability to collect the required material for care provision. Factor affecting implementation of nursing process were working in a stressful environment were 0.23 times less likely to implement nursing process than those working in organized environment (OR: 0.23, [95% CI: (0.07-0.78)], highly knowledgeable nurses were 8.78 times more likely to implementation of nursing process than nurses who were not knowledgeable (OR: 8.78, [95%CI: (2.97-77.48)] and economic status of patient to collect material for nursing care were negatively associated with implementation of nursing process(OR: 0.07, [95%CI: (0.02-0.31)]. The study has identified lack of facility from organizational factors, economic status of the patient to collect material for nursing care, early discharge, lack of cooperation and complicated problems from patient related factors and level of knowledge were among those factors highly affecting nursing process implementation. Nearly, one third of respondents have consistent with the implementation of nursing process in the clinical setting. This factors cause poor quality of nursing care disorganized caring system, conflicting role, medication error and re-admission with similar problems, dissatisfaction with the care patients have received, and increased mortality. Recommendation: The essence of nursing process for client lies on the great benefits to the client, nurses and nursing profession as a whole. So, to provide quality of nursing care the management body of the hospital should flow and supervise the implementation of nursing process in the hospital, the health professional should train periodically and Information should be disseminated regarding nursing process.
Keywords
Nursing Process, Satisfaction, Knowledge
To cite this article
Zewdu Shewangizaw, Abera Mersha, Determinants towards Implementation of Nursing Process, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 45-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20150403.11
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