The Frequency of the Depression Among Elderly Population and to Explore Possible Associations Between Depression Severity and Daily Accomplishments in Minia Geriatric Club
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages: 31-38
Received: Jan. 28, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 8, 2015; Published: Mar. 3, 2015
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Author
Yosria El-Sayed Hossein, Community health nursing, Faculty of nursing, Minia University, Minia, Egypt
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Abstract
The aging process affects human bodies as well as human behaviors. In general, the extra years can be marked by declining health, reduced mobility that may lead to accidents, isolation, and loneliness. Some late-life problems can result in depression and anxiety include less of coping with physical health problems, caring for a spouse with dementia, and grieving the death of loved ones. The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency of the depression among elderly population and to explore possible associations between depression severity and daily accomplishments in Minia Geriatric Club. The study was conducted on 70 elderly persons (the elderly client attends the geriatric club and who agree to share in the study). The study tools are questionnaire sheet and geriatric depression scale. The questionnaires sheet the social and personal characteristics of the study sample. (Age, sex, marital status, level of education, presence of physical health problems, sensory changes, history of exposure to accident, and hobbies. While the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is consisted of 30 statements, each statement is scored by one point and the total scores for are categorized into three levels as: normal 0-9; mild depression 10-19; severe depression 20-30. The study results denoted that: more than half of the study sample (55.7%) were had mild depression and 37.1% were had sever depression. 71.4% and 65.7% of the study sample were had physical health problems and cognitive problems respectively. In addition to 47.1% of them were previously exposed to accident. There are no statistically significance differences in level of depression as regard to sex, level of dependency and level of education. But there are statistically significant differences were noted regarding level of depression and (presence of physical health problems, and sensory changes P= 0.05). The study concludes that depression among elderly is often associated with presence of chronic health problems with mental or social stress. Recommendation; coordination between the health team members is needed to provide holistic and optimal care for elderly clients. All forms of cognitive and supportive psychotherapy are recommended for improving depression in elders.
Keywords
Depression, Elderly, Physical Health Problem
To cite this article
Yosria El-Sayed Hossein, The Frequency of the Depression Among Elderly Population and to Explore Possible Associations Between Depression Severity and Daily Accomplishments in Minia Geriatric Club, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2015, pp. 31-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20150402.12
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