Effective Adaptation of Music Intervention in the Psychological Management of Late Life Depression in Nigerian Communities
Depressive symptoms in late life has been a global phenomenon affecting older adults mental health stability and general well-being. Studies on the psychological management of the disorder in Nigeria have variously adopted therapies that exerts cognitive, sensory and motor abilities of the elderly thereby generating very minimal results. The pre-test, post-test, control group quasi experimental design with a 3x5x3 factorial matrix was adopted for the study. A total of sixty-four (64) participants were purposively selected from two randomly selected local government areas in Ibadan. Participants were further randomly assigned into an experimental group-Music Intervention Group (34) and the Control Group (30). Data was subjected to Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). There was a significant main effect of treatment on late life depression (F=17.554, p<.05, η2=.290). Music Intervention (x̃=20.17) effectively managed late life depression vis-a-vis those in the control group (x̃=7.832). There was no significant main effect of personality traits and health locus of control on late life depression. The study ascertained the effective adaptation of music intervention in the psychological management of late life depression of community dwelling older adults, thereby adding to existing literature on music intervention for future research. This contribution is an advancement to late life depression study and management in Nigeria. Findings from the study can be adopted in both community and clinical studies of depression.
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